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Antonios Tzanakopoulos

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Associate Professor of Public International Law

DPhil (Oxf), LLM (NYU) LLM LLB (Athens)

 

Antonios is Associate Professor of Public International Law at the Faculty of Law and Fellow in Law at St Anne's College. He has been visiting lecturer at the Universities of Paris (Paris X – Nanterre) and London (King's College). He was previously lecturer in international law at University College London and at the University of Glasgow. 

Antonios studied law in Athens, New York, and Oxford, during which time he also worked as a Researcher for the Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Athens and New York, and for the UN Office in Geneva. 

Antonios is a general international lawyer and has published in a number of areas reflecting his varied research interests. His books include Disobeying the Security Council (OUP 2011, re-issued in paperback with a new introduction 2013); The Settlement of International Disputes (Hart 2012, co-edited with CJ Tams); The UN Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and their Property (OUP 2013, edited by R O'Keefe and CJ Tams, ass't ed) and the Research Handbook on the Law of Treaties (Elgar 2014, co-edited with CJ Tams and A Zimmermann). He has also published in the fields of the law of the sea, international investment law, and others. 

Antonios has advised states, international organizations, and private entities on matters of public international law. He has advised and assisted counsel and members of tribunals or provided expert opinions in a number of cases before international and domestic courts and tribunals, including the International Court of Justice, EU courts, the European Court of Human Rights, ad hoc and ICSID arbitral tribunals, and the High Court of England and Wales. He has also provided training on international law to domestic judges, as well as diplomats, military officers, and other government officials.

Antonios is a permanent contributor to EJIL: Talk! (the blog of the European Journal of International Law); a member of the editorial board of Oxford Reports on International Law in Domestic Courts; the Secretary-General of the International Law Association and the Joint Secretary of its British Branch; and the Co-Rapporteur of the ILA Study Group on Principles of Engagement of Domestic Courts with International Law



Publications

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Journal Articles

2014

A Tzanakopoulos, 'National Treatment and MFN in the (Invisible) EU Model BIT' (2014) 15 Journal of World Investment & Trade 484 [...]

DOI: 10.1163/22119000-01504007

This article discusses the potential provisions on national treatment and MFN to be included in a future EU Model BIT against the background of the leaked draft text of the Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) investment chapter. It concludes that the EU treaty practice seems to be closer to investment protection models influenced by NAFTA, such as those prevalent in the Canada and US Model BITs, and that a future EU Model BIT along these lines will depart significantly from the investment treaty practice of EU Member States.


ISBN: 1660-7112

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Strengthening Security Council Accountability for Sanctions: The Role of International Responsibility' (2014) 19 Journal of Conflict and Security Law (forthcoming) [...]

DOI: 10.1093/jcsl/kru017

The UN Security Council wields immense power under Article 41 of the Charter, a power that it has not shied away from employing regularly over the past two and a half decades. As the use of the sanctioning power of the Security Council increased, so did the calls for holding the exercise of that power to account. This article argues that legal accountability, that is, international responsibility is the form of accountability best suited for controlling the sanctioning power of the Security Coun-cil. It demonstrates how the UN can be held responsible by the UN Membership for Security Council excesses in the exercise of its powers, and argues that the ancillary obligation of transparency operationalises decentralised control of the Council by the UN Member States. It concludes that decentralised legal accountability, though risky, is effective and has even induced the Security Council to establish or improve internal mechanisms enhancing accountability for sanctions.


ISBN: 1467-7954

2013

A Tzanakopoulos and CJ Tams, 'Domestic Courts as Agents of Development of International Law' (2013) 26 Leiden Journal of International Law 531 [...]

DOI: 10.1017/S0922156513000228

The introductory paper to a symposium issue of the Leiden Journal of International Law, edited by the authors, dealing with the function of domestic courts as agents for the development of international law. The paper 'sets the scene' for the contributions to the symposium, which seek to trace the impact of domestic courts in the development of canonical areas of international law, such as jurisdiction, immunity, state responsibility, the law of international organisations/human rights, and the law of armed conflict/conduct of hostilities. It discusses the formal quality and actual influence of domestic court decisions on the development of international law, and introduces the concept of 'agents' of international law development. This is the analytical perspective that the contributions to the symposium adopt.


ISBN: 0922-1565

A Tzanakopoulos, 'L'invocation de la théorie des contre-mesures en tant que justification de la désobéissance au Conseil de sécurité' (2013) 46 Revue belge de droit international 78 [...]

This paper discusses (in French) whether countermeasures can be invoked as a justification for disobeying binding decisions of the Security Council under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. The first part establishes how the Security Council may engage the international responsibility of the UN and who should be allowed to determine that such engagement has in fact taken place. The second part argues that disobedience of illegal sanctions adopted by the Council may be justified under international law as a countermeasure in response to the Council's (the UN's) internationally wrongful act.


ISBN: 0035-0788

2011

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Domestic Courts in International Law: the International Judicial Function of National Courts' (2011) 34 Loyola of Los Angeles International & Comparative Law Review 133 [...]

As the title suggests, this paper does not deal with 'international law in domestic courts' but rather with 'domestic courts in international law'. It seeks to ascertain whether domestic courts are assigned an international judicial function by international law, and whether and to what extent they are in fact assuming and exercising that function. The paper attempts to define the concept of an ‘international judicial function’ and argues that, because of the peculiar ‘directionality’ of a great many international obligations (which require implementation within the domestic jurisdiction), domestic courts are the first port of call and the last line of defense for the interpretation and application of international law. However, as organs of States, courts may engage the international responsibility of the State if their conduct results in the breach of an international obligation. This is why the exercise of the international judicial function of domestic courts is supervised by States, either through the submission of disputes to international courts, or, more usually, through decentralized reactions.


ISBN: 1533-5860

2010

CJ Tams and A Tzanakopoulos, 'Barcelona Traction at 40: The ICJ as an Agent of Legal Development' (2010) 23 Leiden Journal of International Law 781 [...]

DOI: 10.1017/S0922156510000361

The article revisits the Barcelona Traction judgment of the International Court of Justice, rendered forty years ago. It evaluates the lasting influence of the Court's pronouncements on the nationality of corporations and on obligations erga omnes, and uses the case to illustrate the Court's role as an influential agent of legal development. In this respect, it identifies a number of factors that can help to explain under which circumstances judicial pronouncements are likely to shape the law.


ISBN: 0922-1565

A Tzanakopoulos, 'United Nations Sanctions in Domestic Courts: From Interpretation to Defiance in Abdelrazik v Canada' (2010) 8 Journal of International Criminal Justice 249 [...]

DOI: 10.1093/jicj/mqq006

Domestic courts are increasingly being seized by persons subjected to or affected by sanctions imposed by the UN Security Council, particularly through the regime established under Resolution 1267. In Abdelrazik v. Canada, the Canadian Federal Court ‘interprets away’ the obligations of Canada under the 1267 regime, potentially forcing upon the state a breach of its international obligations under the resolution and the UN Charter. But at the same time it offers an important — if implicit — justification for that breach under international law.


ISBN: 1478-1387

2006

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Floating Storage Units as Ships under the 1992 CLC/Fund Regime: The View from the Hellenic Supreme Court' (2006) 59 Revue hellénique de droit international 701

2005

D Gunton, M Livermore and A Tzanakopoulos, 'A Global Administrative Law Bibliography' (2005) 68 Law & Contemporary Problems 357

2004

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Provisional Measures Indicated by International Courts: Emergence of a General Principle of International Law' (2004) 57 Revue hellénique de droit international 53

Books

2011

A Tzanakopoulos, Disobeying the Security Council - Countermeasures against Wrongful Sanctions (Oxford University Press 2011) [...]

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600762.001.0001

This book examines how the United Nations Security Council, in exercising its power to impose binding non-forcible measures ('sanctions') under Article 41 of the UN Charter, may violate international law. The Council may overstep limits on its power imposed by the UN Charter itself and by general international law, including human rights guarentees. Such acts may engage the international responsibility of the United Nations, the organization of which the Security Council is an organ. Disobeying the Security Council discusses how and by whom the responsibility of the UN for unlawful Security Council sanctions can be determined; in other words, how the UN can be held to account for Security Council excesses.


ISBN: 978-0-19-960076-2

2006

A Tzanakopoulos, Ο δεσμευτικός χαρακτήρας των προσωρινών μέτρων που υποδεικνύουν τα διεθνή δικαστήρια (Εκδόσεις Αντ Ν Σάκκουλα 2006) [...]

Abstract: This book deals with the binding force of provisional measures of protection indicated by international courts and tribunals.

ISBN: 960-15-1599-2

Chapters

2015

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Judicial Dialogue as a Means of Interpretation' in HP Aust and G Nolte (eds), Interpretation of International Law by Domestic Courts (Oxford University Press 2015) (forthcoming) [...]

This chapter discusses whether judicial dialogue on international law between domestic courts may be conceptualised as a new means of interpretation--beyond the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. After defining 'dialogue' and presenting its various potential iterations, the chapter argues that in fact judicial dialogue between domestic courts is required under international law, including the Vienna Convention. This is because domestic court decisions on international law may constitute subsequent practice which is to be taken into consideration when interpreting a treaty, in accordance with Article 31(3)(b) VCLT. But domestic court decisions may also constitute practice and/or reflect opinio juris, which domestic courts must find in order to determine the existence and content of customary international law. As such, domestic courts must engage with the relevant decisions on international law by domestic courts in other jurisdictions. They must engage in judicial dialogue as a means for interpreting international law.


2014

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Domestic Judicial Law-Making' in CM Brölmann and Y Radi (eds), Research Handbook on the Theory and Practice of International Law-Making (Edward Elgar 2014) (forthcoming) [...]

This contribution to the Research Handbook on the Theory and Practice of International Law-Making discusses the law-making potential of domestic courts. Given the seemingly strict 'dualist' approach of international law to domestic law and domestic court decisions ('merely facts'), the paper demonstrates the modest international law-developing function of domestic courts: it first details their methods in engaging international law, and then discusses the impact of such engagement. It concludes that domestic courts may, in terms of content, fine-tune rules of international law rather than set grand principles. In terms of process, this is done by 'suggesting' the fine-tuning, rather than in any way single-handedly developing international law.


A Tzanakopoulos, 'L'intervention du Conseil de sécurité dans les conflits internes' in C Bannelier and C Pison (eds), Le recours à la force autorisé par le Conseil de sécurité: droit et responsabilité (Pedone 2014) [...]

Abstract: This brief paper, based on a conference presentation, discusses the legal limits to the powers of the Security Council to intervene in 'domestic conflicts'. Most importantly, it focus on the control of these limits by the UN member States. It concludes the UN members may control the decisions of the Council to intervene in domestic conflicts it considers to constitute 'threats to the peace' in a decentralised manner.

This brief paper, based on a conference presentation, discusses the legal limits to the powers of the Security Council to intervene in 'domestic conflicts'. Most importantly, it focus on the control of these limits by the UN member States. It concludes the UN members may control the decisions of the Council to intervene in domestic conflicts it considers to constitute 'threats to the peace' in a decentralised manner.


ISBN: 978-2-233-00706-3

S-I Lekkas and A Tzanakopoulos, 'Pacta sunt servanda versus Flexibility in the Suspension and Termination of Treaties' in CJ Tams, A Tzanakopoulos and A Zimmermann (eds), Research Handbook on the Law of Treaties (Edward Elgar 2014) [...]

DOI: 10.4337/9780857934789.00020

This paper explores the presumptive tension between the pacta sunt servanda rule (the rule that commitments ought to be honoured) and the possibility for unilateral or consensual suspension or termination of treaties. It argues that the pacta sunt servanda rule seems able to accommodate the various methods of suspension or termination: under the general international law of treaties, termination or suspension is not actually unilateral; only the invocation of relevant grounds is. Further, both grounds for suspension or termination, as well as defences under the law of responsibility (which achieve results similar to suspension) are narrow and thus hard to invoke successfully. Finally, the law allows states to devise their own exit clauses in treaties. This leads to very broad exit clauses allowing for unilateral termination or withdrawal. This however being part of the pactum, it does not formally put pressure on the pacta sunt servanda rule.


ISBN: 978 0 85793 477 2

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Préambule' in R Kolb (ed), Le Pacte de la Société des Nations : Commentaire article par article (Pedone 2014) (forthcoming) [...]

Abstract: Commentary of the Preamble of the League of Nations Covenant in French.

A Tzanakopoulos, 'The Solange Argument as a Justification for Disobeying the Security Council in the Kadi Judgments' in M Avbelj, F Fontanelli and G Martinico (eds), Kadi on Trial: A Multifaceted Analysis of the Kadi Judgment (Routledge 2014) [...]

The Kadi judgments of the courts of the EU have received enormous scholarly attention and have had significant practical impact. And reasonably so: they are landmark decisions, with numerous implications for several crucial issues, from the relationship between different legal orders to the primacy of Security Council decisions, from the required level of protection of fundamental human rights in the application of coercive measures against individuals to the competence of the EU, and so forth. This brief study focuses on one particular aspect of the Kadi decisions: their employment of the Solange argument as a justification for disobeying the Security Council by not implementing its binding decisions.


ISBN: 978-0-415-64031-2

CJ Tams and A Tzanakopoulos, 'Use of Force' in J d'Apremont, J Kammerhofer (eds), International Legal Positivism in a Postmodern World (Cambridge University Press 2014) [...]

The paper assesses the legal regime governing recourse to force from the perspective of 'contemporary positivism'. It provides a basic introduction to positivist international law and its critique and charts how positivism, faced with decades of anti-positivist critique, has adjusted itself. More specifically, it analyses how in response to criticism, positivism has embraced a more 'liberal' approach to the identification of sources. Applying these findings to the specific problem of military force, the paper outlines the main challenges facing a positivist understanding of the jus ad bellum. These are (i) the loss of predictability of the legal rules (''anything goes"), which is a consequence of the liberalisation of sources; and (ii) the attraction, even among positivist scholars, to invoke "quasi-legal" arguments based on legitimacy, morals or political necessity.


ISBN: 9781107019263

2013

A Tzanakopoulos, 'The Countermeasure of Disobedience: Implementing the Responsibility of International Organisations' in M Ragazzi (ed), The Responsibility of International Organisations: Essays in Memory of Sir Ian Brownlie (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 2013) [...]

DOI: 10.1163/9789004256088_031

This short study in memory of Sir Ian Brownlie QC discusses the countermeasure of disobedience as a means of implementation of the responsibility of international organisations. Focusing on Security Council sanctions under Chapter VII of the Charter, it argues that actions of the Security Council may be illegal and thus engage the responsibility of the UN. It then argues that disobedience of such sanctions on the part of States may qualify as a countermeasure against the Organisation. This legal characterisation of disobedience has significant advantages over the 'invalidity theory' in that it subjects decentralised reaction to a specific legal framework.


ISBN: 9789004256071

AV Lowe and A Tzanakopoulos, 'The Development of the Law of the Sea by the International Court of Justice' in J Sloan and CJ Tams (eds), The Development of International Law by the International Court of Justice (Oxford University Press 2013) [...]

This paper surveys and evaluates the contribution of the International Court of Justice to the development of the (public international) law of the sea. It does so by comparing the Court's contribution as against other 'competing' agents of development of international law, ie other adjudicators, codifiers, regulators, and lawmakers. It concludes that the impact of the Court on the law of the sea has not been great, and is now diminishing. However, it argues that the more important contribution of the Court lies less in its influence on the development of the law, and more in its authority in consolidating it.


ISBN: 978-0-19-965321-8

A Tzanakopoulos, 'The Permanent Court of International Justice and the “International Community”' in M Fitzmaurice, CJ Tams (eds), Legacies of the Permanent Court of International Justice (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 2013) [...]

DOI: 10.1163/9789004244948_015

The purpose of this brief study is to gauge what the Permanent Court of Internation-al Justice might have had to say about the nebulous concept of the ‘international community’, as the Court administering the law of that community, but also developing it, thereby contributing to the stabilization and further integration of that community. This is done by ‘reverse-engineering’ the jurisprudence of the PCIJ, seeking to canvass how the Court understood the concept of the 'international community' and how it would have wanted it to evolve. The study surveys the Court’s case law for what are commonly accepted as the ‘hallmarks’ of an (international) community, or at least those commonly associated with the idea: the make-up of the community; the concept of obligations and action in the ‘general’ interest; and the existence of institutions providing protection of the community interest.


ISBN: 9789004244931

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Transparency in the UN Security Council' in A Bianchi, A Peters (eds), Transparency in International Law (Cambridge University Press 2013) [...]

DOI: 10.1017/CBO9781139108843.021

This paper discusses transparency in the working method of the United Nations Security Council. It describes the institutional design of the organ and the evolution of Security Council powers, and seeks to identify whether there is an obligation for the Council to act in a transparent manner in the exercise of its powers. The paper argues that transparency is an 'ancillary' obligation incumbent on the Council, to allow for decentralised control over the exercise of its powers by Member States of the UN. Transparency having no independent normative charge, we do not how much of it is good -- this is determined by a pattern of protest and reaction between the Security Council and the Member States called upon to implement its decisions.


ISBN: 978-1107021389

D Sarooshi and A Tzanakopoulos, 'United Kingdom' in A Reinisch (ed), The Privileges and Immunities of International Organizations in Domestic Courts (Oxford University Press 2013) [...]

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679409.003.0016

This paper surveys and analyses the case law of United Kingdom courts on questions of personality and immunity of international organizations, as well as on the question of liability of members for the acts of the organization, focusing in particular on the various cases surrounding the collapse of the International Tin Council in the 1980s.


ISBN: 978-0-19-967940-9

2012

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Collective Security and Human Rights' in E de Wet, J Vidmar (eds), Hierarchy in International Law - The Place of Human Rights (Oxford University Press 2012) [...]

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647071.003.0003

When the Security Council imposes binding obligations through decisions adopted under Chapter VII of the UN Charter it may impact on internationally protected human rights and the corresponding obligations of UN member states to respect these rights. Member states are then faced with potentially conflicting obligations. This contribution surveys the respective position of Security Council measures and human rights obligations in the (emergent) normative hierarchy of international law. It defines normative conflict and discusses state practice in order to establish whether Article 103 of the UN Charter is a conflict or a hierarchy rule and whether human rights obligations are subordinate to Security Council measures.


ISBN: 978-0-19-964707-1

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Domestic Courts as the “Natural Judge” of International Law: A Change in Physiognomy' in JR Crawford, S Nouwen (eds), Select Proceedings of the European Society of International Law (Hart Publishing 2012) [...]

This paper examines whether domestic courts can be cast as the ‘natural judges’ of international law. ‘Natural judge’ is meant here in the sense of the ‘immediate,’ ‘ordinary’ judge of international law, who can only be removed through a centrally instituted judge. Given the lack of a centrally organized international judicial system, the suggestion that domestic courts are the ‘ordinary judges’ of international law has significant repercussions on the physiognomy of the international legal system. Despite the fact that in some of the decisions the reasoning of the courts is based solely on domestic law, the domestic law relied on - typically fundamental rights - is of universal radiance, as evidenced by almost universally ratified treaties and customary international law. Domestic courts are then in fact applying law based on internationally agreed standards as the immediate judges, offering effective remedies for the violation of rights influenced or shaped by, or interpreted under, international law. This trend can signify the move to a more effective application of international law, one taking place in court, even if a domestic court, rather than by a decision of the executive to invoke responsibility of another actor, or bring an international claim.


ISBN: 9781849462020

AV Lowe and A Tzanakopoulos, 'Economic Warfare' in R Wolfrum (ed), Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Oxford University Press 2012) [...]

This entry discusses economic measures which aim at reducing or destroying the enemy's war-fighting capability during armed conflict ('traditional' economic warfare) as well as peacetime measures which closely resemble traditional economic warfare, such as embargoes and collective economic sanctions.


ISBN: 978-0-19-929168-7

AV Lowe and A Tzanakopoulos, 'Humanitarian Intervention' in R Wolfrum (ed), Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Oxford University Press 2012) [...]

This entry discusses 'humanitarian intervention' as an autonomous justification for the use of force in international law.


ISBN: 978-0-19-929168-7

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Judicial Dialogue in Multi-level Governance: the Impact of the Solange Argument' in OK Fauchald, A Nollkaemper (eds), The Practice of International and National Courts and the (De-) Fragmentation of International Law (Hart Publishing 2012) [...]

States increasingly 'contract out' their governmental authority in favour of international organizations. As a result, remedies available under domestic law to individuals and legal entities may no longer be available, leaving them without redress. (Domestic) courts have devised a method to react to such diminution of their jurisdiction, which at the same time comprises a message for various addressees and engages a dialogue on multiple levels. This method is shaped by the spirit and thrust of the argument the German Constitutional Court put forward in its Solange jurisprudence, and has the potential of fostering a harmonization of domestic and international law, as well as that of establishing a rudimentary normative hierarchy at the international level.


ISBN: 9781849462471

AV Lowe and A Tzanakopoulos, 'Minquiers and Ecrehos Case' in R Wolfrum (ed), Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Oxford University Press 2012)

AV Lowe and A Tzanakopoulos, 'Ships, Visit and Search' in R Wolfrum (ed), Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Oxford University Press 2012) [...]

This entry surveys the right of visit and search of foreign merchant ships on the high seas under the traditional law of war, in the context of collective security, and during peacetime.


ISBN: 978-0-19-929168-7

AV Lowe and A Tzanakopoulos, 'The Abyei Arbitration' in The Abyei Arbitration (The Government of Sudan / The Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army): Final Award of 2009 (Permanent Court of Arbitration 2012) [...]

An introduction to, and commentary of, the main findings of the Tribunal in the Abyei Arbitration between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (Award of 22 July 2009), along with a brief consideration of the Award's (and the dispute's) aftermath.


ISBN: 978-94-91021-02-2

2011

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Article 67—Convention of 1969' in O Corten, P Klein (eds), The Vienna Conventions on the Law of Treaties—A Commentary (Oxford University Press 2011) [...]

Commentary to Article 67 of the 1969 VCLT.


ISBN: 978-0-19-954664-0

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Article 68—Convention of 1969' in O Corten, P Klein (eds), The Vienna Conventions on the Law of Treaties—A Commentary (Oxford University Press 2011) [...]

Commentary to Article 68 of the 1969 VCLT.


ISBN: 978-0-19-954664-0

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Denunciation of the ICSID Convention under the General International Law of Treaties' in R Hofmann, CJ Tams (eds), International Investment Law and General International Law - From Clinical Isolation to Systemic Integration? (Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft 2011) [...]

Following recent denunciations of (withdrawals from) the ICSID Convention by Bolivia and Ecuador and the spate of academic commentary that followed, this paper considers denunciation from the ICSID Convention under the general international law of treaties. It is argued that self-contained interpretation of the provisions on denunciation of the ICSID Convention do not yield any compelling results, leaving contrary positions plausible. The general international law of treaties offers the decisive argument with respect to the effects of denunciation of the Convention, and helps determine whether ICSID jurisdiction can be established after the date of effective withdrawal from the Convention.


ISBN: 978-3-8329-6729-1

2010

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Domestic Court Reactions to UN Security Council Sanctions' in A Reinisch (ed), Challenging Acts of International Organizations before National Courts (Oxford University Press 2010) [...]

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199595297.003.0003

This paper attempts to trace, analyze, and justify, the reactions of domestic courts when these are faced with a challenge to domestic measures implementing Security Council sanctions regimes, in particular the regime under SCRs 1267 (1999) seq. It discusses the method in which domestic courts engage with the measures before them, as well as the standard of review they apply, and the usual outcomes of the challenge, ie abstention, low-intensity review, interpretation or annulment of the domestic measure. Interpretation and annulment of the domestic measure in particular may force the State in breach of its international obligations under the relevant SCRs and Article 25 of the UN Charter. The final section attempts to legal qualify and justify this potential breach.


ISBN: 978-0-19-959529-7

2009

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Chapter VII Measures (UN Charter) (with regard to International Tribunals)' in A Cassese (ed), The Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice (Oxford University Press 2009)

Edited books

2014

CJ Tams, A Tzanakopoulos and A Zimmermann (eds), Research Handbook on the Law of Treaties (Edward Elgar 2014) [...]

DOI: 10.4337/9780857934789

The Research Handbook on the Law of Treaties is a collection of essays on fundamental issues in international treaty law. The Research Handbook´s main objective is to identify key challenges facing the modern law of treaties and to assess future directions that the law will take. The main themes of the Handbook revolve around the spatial, personal and temporal dimensions of treaties, the tensions that arise due to the need for flexibility in treaty relations, the interaction between treaty regimes and the potential ruptures, as well as the expansion of treaty law to international organisations, corporations and individuals. Each chapter includes an 'agenda for research', highlighting areas where future work may prove fruitful.


ISBN: 9780857934772

2013

R O'Keefe, CJ Tams and A Tzanakopoulos (eds), The United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and their Property: A Commentary (Oxford University Press 2013) [...]

Article-by-article commentary of the 2004 UN Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and their Property.


ISBN: 978-0-19-960183-7

2012

CJ Tams and A Tzanakopoulos (eds), The Settlement of International Disputes - Basic Documents (Hart Publishing 2012) [...]

This collection of documents brings together a large number of primary sources on the peaceful settlement of disputes in a usable and affordable format. The documents included reflect the diverse techniques of international dispute settlement, as recognised in Articles 2(3) and 33 of the UN Charter, such as negotiation, mediation, arbitration and adjudication. The book comprises the most relevant multilateral treaties establishing dispute settlement regimes, as well as examples of special agreements, compromissory clauses, optional clause declarations and relevant resolutions of international organisations. It covers both diplomatic and adjudicative methods of dispute settlement and follows a basic division between general dispute settlement mechanisms, and sectoral regimes in fields such as human rights, WTO law, investment, law of the sea, environmental law and arms control. The book is the first widely-available collection of key documents on dispute settlement. It is aimed at teachers, students and practitioners of international law and related disciplines.


ISBN: 9781849463034

2004

A Yokaris and others (eds), Η διεθνής ευθύνη των κρατών - Στα Άρθρα της Επιτροπής Διεθνούς Δικαίου, στη διεθνή νομολογία και βιβλιογραφία (Εκδόσεις Αντ Ν Σάκκουλα 2004) [...]

Abstract: A translation of the ILC Articles on the Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts into Greek, along with a collection of relevant case law and bibliography.

ISBN: 960-15-1218-7

Internet Publications

2014

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Challenging (Some) Stereotypes and the DNA of (International) Law' (2014) EJIL: Talk! [...]

A brief comment on Karen Alter's 'New Terrain of International Law'.


A Tzanakopoulos, 'The Tories and the ECHR: Mere Incompetence or Deliberate Deception?' (2014) EJIL: Talk! [...]

A short comment on the international law aspects of the UK Conservative Party paper that proposes scrapping the Human Rights Act 1998.


2013

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Greek Court Acquits Immigrants Who Escaped Appalling Detention Conditions' (2013) EJIL: Talk!

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Kadi Showdown: Substantive Review of (UN) Sanctions by the ECJ' (2013) EJIL: Talk! [...]

Comment on the ECJ's decision in Kadi II.


A Tzanakopoulos, 'Sharing Responsibility for UN Targeted Sanctions' (2013) SHARES Blog [...]

This blog entry is based on a talk delivered at the University of Amsterdam in the framework of the SHARES (shared responsibility) project. It discusses how responsibility is shared between the UN and member-States for the adoption and implementation of UN sanctions under Chapter VII of the Charter.


2011

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Legality of Veto to NATO Accession: Comment on the ICJ’s Decision in the Dispute between fYR Macedonia and Greece' (2011) EJIL: Talk!

A Tzanakopoulos, 'The Distomo Case: Greece to Intervene in the Sovereign Immunity Dispute between Germany and Italy before the ICJ' (2011) EJIL: Talk!

A Tzanakopoulos, 'The UN/French Use of Force in Abidjan: Uncertainties Regarding the Scope of UN Authorizations' (2011) EJIL: Talk!

2010

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Kadi II: The 1267 Sanctions Regime (Back) Before the General Court of the EU' (2010) EJIL: Talk!

A Tzanakopoulos, 'The UK Supreme Court Quashes Domestic Measures Implementing UN Sanctions' (2010) EJIL: Talk!

2009

A Tzanakopoulos, 'An Effective Remedy for Josef K: Canadian Judge ‘Defies’ Security Council Sanctions through Interpretation' (2009) EJIL: Talk!

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Attribution of Conduct to International Organizations in Peacekeeping Operations' (2009) EJIL: Talk!

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Stepping Up the (Dualist?) Resistance: The English High Court Quashes Domestic Measures Implementing UN Sanctions' (2009) EJIL: Talk!

A Tzanakopoulos, 'The First Orders by the Special Tribunal for Lebanon' (2009) 13 ASIL Insights

2008

M Karavias and A Tzanakopoulos, 'Legality of Veto to NATO Accession: fYR Macedonia Sues Greece before the ICJ' (2008) 12 ASIL Insights

Case Notes

2011

CJ Tams and A Tzanakopoulos, 'IGH: Gutachten zur Unabhängigkeit Kosovos' (2011) 59 Vereinte Nationen 80 [...]

Abstract: Short comment on the ICJ's Kosovo Advisory Opinion in German.

ISBN: 0042-384X

Others

2014

F Baetens, M Milanovic and A Tzanakopoulos, 'Présentation' (2014) A Pellet, Le droit international entre souveraineté et communauté, Pedone 3 [...]

Abstract: This is a presentation/preface to Alain Pellet's publication of a selection of his most important works.

ISBN: 978-2-233-00711-7

Reviews

2013

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Deutscher Blick auf die UN-Charta' (2013) 61 Vereinte Nationen 234 [...]

Abstract: Book review of the third edition of B Simma et al (eds) The UN Charter: A Commentary (OUP, Oxford 2012).

Buchbesprechung der 3. Auflage des UN-Charta Kommentars von Simma et al.


ISBN: 0042-384X

2011

A Tzanakopoulos, 'The Cambridge Companion to International Law' (2011) 82 British Year Book of International Law 510

A Tzanakopoulos, 'The Constitutionalization of International Law' (2011) 15 Edinburgh Law Review 339

A Tzanakopoulos, 'The Practice of the United Nations in Combating Terrorism from 1946 to 2008' (2011) 11 Human Rights Law Review 803

2009

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Treaty Interpretation and On the Interpretation of Treaties' (2009) 53 German Yearbook of International Law 721

2005

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Le pouvoir normatif du Conseil de sécurité' (2005) 58 Revue hellénique de droit international 655

2004

A Tzanakopoulos, 'La Grèce devant la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme' (2004) 57 Revue hellénique de droit international 554

Reports

2013

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Falling Short: UN Security Council Delisting Procedural Reforms Before European Courts' (Sanctions & Security Research Program 2013) [...]

A Report prepared for the KROC Institute's Sanctions and Security Research Program, assessing reforms to the 1267/1989 sanctions regime of the Security Council against the standards required by European Courts, including the Court of Justice of the European Union and the European Court of Human Rights.


2012

A Tzanakopoulos, 'Principles on the Engagement of Domestic Courts with International Law: Preliminary Report of the ILA Study Group' (Report of the Seventy-Fifth Conference of the International Law Association 971 2012) [...]

This is the Preliminary Report of the Study Group on Principles on Engagement of Domestic Courts with International Law. It sets out the Study Group's underlying considerations and seeks to distill a set of principles which guide domestic court engagement with international law. It will be used by the Study Group as guidance for the completion of a number of national and thematic studies, which will then feed into the Study Group's final report.


ISBN: 0074-6738

2008

Oxford Pro Bono Publico and others, 'Obstacles to Justice and Redress for Victims of Corporate Human Rights Abuse' (2008) [...]

A comparative submission by Oxford Pro Bono Publico to the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General on Business and Human Rights.



News

Antonios Tzanakopoulos elected Secretary-General of the International Law Association

The International Law Association, founded in Brussels in 1873, has elected at the Meeting of its Executive Council in London on 18 October, Antonios Tzanakopoulos as the Secretary-General of the Association […]

Announcing a new publication - Research Handbook on the Law of Treaties

Antonios Tzanakopoulos, together with Christian Tams of the University of Glasgow and Andreas Zimmermann of the University of Potsdam, has published a Research Handbook on the Law of Treaties […]

SEMINAR ON THE RATIFICATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE KAMPALA AMENDMENTS TO THE ROME STATUTE OF THE ICC

Dr Antonios Tzanakopoulos participated in a conference aimed at promoting the ratification and implementation of the Kampala Amendments to the ICC Statute organised by the Permanent Mission of Liechtenstein to the UN and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Slovenia […]

Workshop on the impact of unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights

Dr Antonios Tzanakopoulos was invited by the Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights to participate in a Workshop organised at the request of the UN Human Rights Council in accordance with Resolution 24/14, to consider the adverse impact of unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights by the affected populations, in particular their socioeconomic impact on women and children, in the States targeted […]

Interests

Teaching: Public International Law

Research:

Public International Law; International Responsibility; Treaty Law; International Human Rights Law; Law of International Organisations; Law of the Sea; International Dispute Settlement

Other details

Correspondence address:

St Anne's College
Woodstock Road,
Oxford,
OX2 6HS

other affiliation(s):

Public International Law @ Oxford

Link to personal web site





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