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Bettina Lange

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Associate Professor of Law and Regulation

Bettina Lange joined the Law Faculty and Wolfson College in July 2007, having previously worked in the law departments of Aberystwyth and Keele University, UK. She trained in law and sociology at Warwick University, UK and before that studied for two years law at the Justus-Liebig Universität, Giessen, Germany. Her research examines legal regulation from a socio-legal perspective. She is currently working on a project on the invocation of emotion discourses in the legal regulation of genetically modified organisms in UK agriculture. This project investigates the role that appeals to emotions play in the administrative legal decision-making procedure about the release of GMOs into the environment under UK and EU law. She also works together with Prof. Nafsika Alexiadou (Umea University, Sweden) on a research project which examines different styles of policy learning in open methods of co-ordination as applied to education policies in the European Union. This project examines how the European Union seeks to enhance its governance capacity in relation to education policies in the EU through soft regulatory tools, such as policy learning. Bettina was a Jean-Monnet Fellow at the European University Institute, Florence, Italy from September 2004 to January 2005. She  has conducted consultancy for the Environment Agency in England and Wales and is a member of the Advisory Board of the Centre for Environmental Law of Landmark Chambers. Her core research interests are - EU, UK and German environmental regulation - Qualitative empirical socio-legal research methods, including discourse analysis - The application of new modes of European governance to education policies - Socio-legal theories of regulation, including the role of emotions in regulatory processes. Her research has been funded by the British Academy, the ESRC, the SLSA and the John-Fell Fund. She serves on the editorial board of  Law and Policy, the Oxford Journal of Legal Studies and the European Journal of Risk Regulation.


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Journal Articles


A. Faulkner, C. Lawless and B Lange, 'Introduction: Material Worlds: Intersections between Socio-Legal Studies and Science and Technology Studies' (2012) 39 Journal of Law and Society 1


B Lange, 'Socializing Economic Relationships: A Critique of Business Regulation: Introduction' (2011) 62 Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly 393

B Lange, 'The EU Directive on Industrial Emissions: Squaring the Circle of Integrated, Harmonised and Ambitious Technology Standards?' (2011) 13 Environmental Law Review 169


Nafsika Alexiadou, Danica Fink-Hafner and B Lange, 'Education policy convergence through the Open Method of Co-ordination: Theoretical Reflections and implementation in 'old' and 'new' national contexts' (2010) European Educational Research Journal 345

B Lange and Nafsika Alexiadou, 'Governing through learning about policy: just all words? An Introduction to policy learning in the context of open methods of co-ordinating education in the European Union' (2010) 25 Journal of Education Policy 443

B Lange, 'Media Regulation and "Celebrity Big Brother': Some Critical Reflections' (2010) 7 Journal of Entertainment and Sports Law

B Lange and Andrew Gouldson, 'Trustbased Environmental Regulation' (2010) 408 Science of the Total Environment 5235


Liz Fisher, B Lange and Eloise Scotford, 'Maturity and Methodology: Reflecting on How do Do Environmental Law Scholarship' (2009) Journal of Environmental Law 1


B Lange, 'How Law Works in the Real World - A Critical Commentary on the Nuffield Inquiry into Empirical Legal Research' (2007) 28 Zeitschrift fuer Rechtssoziologie 139

B Lange and N Alexiadou, 'New Forms of European Union Governance in the Education Sector? - A Preliminary Analysis of the Open Method of Co-Ordination' (2007) 6 European Educational Research Journal 321


B Lange, 'Searching for the Best Available Techniques - Open and Closed Norms in the Implementation of the EU Directive on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control' (2006) 2 International Journal of Law in Context 67


B Lange, 'Regulatory Spaces and Interactions: An Introduction' (2003) Social and Legal Studies 411


B Lange, 'From Boundary Drawing to Transitions: the Creation of Normativity under the EU Directive on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control' (2002) 8 European Law Journal 246

B Lange, 'The Emotional Dimension in Legal Regulation' (2002) 29 Journal of Law and Society (Special Issue) 197

B Lange, 'What does Law Know? Prescribing and Describing the Social World in the Enforcement of Legal Rules' (2002) 30 International Journal of the Sociology of Law 131


B Lange, 'Economic Appraisal and Changing Forms of Governance' (2000) 63 Modern Law Review 294


B Lange, 'Compliance Construction in the Context of Environmental Regulation' (1999) 8 Social and Legal Studies 549

B Lange, 'National Environmental Regulation? A Case Study of Waste Management in England and Germany' (1999) 11 Journal of Environmental Law 59


B Lange, 'Understanding Regulatory Law: Empirical vs. Systems-Theoretical Approaches?' (1998) 18 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 449



E Fisher, B Lange and E Scotford, Environmental Law: Text, Cases & Materials (OUP 2013)


B Lange, Implementing EU Pollution Control: Law and Integration (Cambridge University Press 2008) [...]

Reviewed by Donald McGillivray in the Journal of Environmental Law

ISBN: 978-0-521-88398-6



B Lange, 'Getting to Yes: Structuring and disciplining arguments for and against transgenic agricultural products in European Union authorisations' in Brad Jessup and Kim Rubinstein (eds), Environmental Discourses (Cambridge University Press 2011)

B Lange, 'Procedure and Legitimacy in Environmental Networks' in Transnational Administrative Rule-Making: Performance, Legal Effects, and Legitimacy (Hart Publishing 2011)


B Lange, 'Foucauldian Inspired Discourse Analysis: A Contribution to Critical Environmental Law Scholarship?' in Andreas Philippopoulos-Mihalopoulos (ed), Law and Ecology: New Environmental Legal Foundations (Routledge 2010)

B Lange and Nafsika Alexiadou, 'How to govern for solidarity?' in Malcolm Ross and Yuri Borgman-Prebil (eds), Developing Solidarity in the EU: Citizenship, Governance and New Constitutional Paradigms (Oxford University Press 2010)

Nafsika Alexiadou and B Lange, 'The Open Method of Co-ordination and the Governance of Education in Europe' in A. Pitsela (ed), Criminology: Searching for Answers, Honorary Volume for Professor Stergios Alexiadis (Sakkoula 2010)

B Lange, 'Thinking about procedure: understanding legitimacy in EU environmental governance networks' in Olaf Dilling, Martin Herberg and Gerd Winter (eds), Transnational Administrative Rule-Making: Performance, Legal Effects, and Legitimacy (Hart 2010)


B Lange, 'Regulation' in P. Cane and J. Conaghan (eds), The New Oxford Companion to Law ( 2008)


B Lange, 'How to Conceptualize law in European Union integration processes? - Perspectives from the literature and empirical research' in V Gessner (ed), European Ways of Law (Hart Publishing 2007)


B Lange, 'Social Dynamics of Regulatory Interactions: An Exploration of Three Sociological Perspectives' in M Freedman (ed), Law and Sociology (Oxford University Press 2006)


B Lange, 'Researching Discourse and Behaviour as Elements of Law in Action' in R. Banakar and M. Travers (eds), Theory and Method in Socio-Legal Research (Hart Publishing 2005)


B Lange, 'Europeanization or Localization of Law? the Example of the Enforcement of Environmental Policies in Germany' in C Harding & A Swart (eds), Enforcing European Community Rules (Dartmouth 1996)


Teaching: Environmental Law; Regulation

Research: EU, UK and German environmental regulation Qualitative empirical socio-legal research methods, including discourse analysis The application of new modes of European governance to education policies Socio-legal theories of regulation, including the role of emotions in regulatory processes

Other details

Correspondence address:

Wolfson College
Linton Road
Oxford OX2 6UD

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