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Jeremias Prassl

photo of Jeremias Prassl

Associate Professor of Law


Jeremias read law at Corpus Christi College, Oxford and the University of Paris II (MA) as well as Harvard Law School (LL.M.) before returning to complete an AHRC-funded DPhil at Magdalen College, Oxford (2010-12). Prior to his election to a Fellowship at Magdalen, he was a Supernumerary Fellow of St John’s College, Oxford (2011-14), and a Stipendiary Lecturer at Jesus College (2010-11). Jeremias has also held visiting research or lecturing positions at Columbia Law School, New York; the Max Planck Institute, Hamburg; and University College, London. Since 2014, he has also been a Research Fellow at the Faculty's Institute for European and Comparative Law (IECL).

Jeremias teaches Constitutional Law and EU Law at Magdalen, as well as Labour Law and Corporate Law for the Faculty. In 2013, he was awarded the University’s Teaching Excellence Award in the Social Sciences Division.

Jeremias’ principal research interests are in the fields of Employment Law, Corporate Law, and European Union Law (with a particular focus on Civil Aviation). In Employment Law, he focuses on the regulation of fragmenting labour markets—from outsourcing to Private Equity—and comparative research into European employment law in times of crisis (funded by the European Commission through INLACRIS), as well as consulting on projects for the International Labour Organisation (ILO).

His work in European law includes co-editing the EU Law in the Member States Series (Hart | Bloomsbury Publishing; with Michal Bobek), exploring the reception and implementation of EU-level norms across different Member States. In Civil Aviation, Jeremias is particularly interested in the interaction of the Montreal Convention of 1999 and EU Regulation 261/2004 in shaping the future of passenger rights. He serves on the committee of the Royal Aeronautical Society’s Air Law Group.

In 2015, Jeremias received a British Academy Rising Star Engagement Award to further his work in European Employment Law.


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J Prassl, The Concept of the Employer (OUP 2015) [...]

Employment law struggles to adapt to complex modern work arrangements, from agency work and service companies to corporate groups and Private Equity investors. This book argues that the cause of this failure can be found in our concept of the employer, which has become riddled with internal contradictions: English law searches for the unitary counterparty to a bilateral contract of employment by reference to a series of multi-functional tests. As a result of this tension, full employment law coverage is restricted to the narrow scenario where a single legal entity exercises all employer functions⎯a paradigm far from the fragmented reality of modern labour markets.

These problems can only be addressed by a careful reconceptualization leading to the development of a functional concept of the employer. The book draws on existing models in English and European law to develop a definition of the employer as the entity, or combination of entities, exercising functions regulated in a particular domain of employment law. Each strand of the received concept of the employer is examined in turn to demonstrate how this more openly multifunctional approach can successfully overcome the rigidities of the current notion without abandoning a coherent underlying framework. The book fills a crucial gap in employment law and corporate law by exposing the defects in our current understanding of the employer and by developing a new functional concept appropriate for both traditional and emerging work arrangements.

ISBN: 978-0-19-873553-3

Edited books


A Bogg, C Costello, A Davies and J Prassl (eds), The Autonomy of Labour Law (Hart | Bloomsbury 2015) [...]

Reviewed: B Mak (2015) 44 ILJ 289

To what extent is labour law an autonomous field of study? This book is based upon the papers written by a group of leading international scholars on this theme, delivered at a conference to mark Professor Mark Freedland's retirement from his teaching fellowship in Oxford. The chapters explore the boundaries and connections between labour law and other legal disciplines such as company law, competition law, contract law and public law; labour law and legal methodologies such as reflexive governance and comparative law and labour law and other disciplines such as ethics, economics and political philosophy. In so doing, it represents a cross-section of the most sophisticated current work at the cutting edge of labour law theory.

ISBN: 9781849466219


M Freedland and J Prassl (eds), EU Law in the Member States: Viking, Laval and Beyond (Hart 2014) [...]

Reviewed: N Reich (2015) 52 CMLRev 1135; A Ludlow (2015) 74 CLJ 361; JS Bergé [2015] RTDEur xv; S Lachnit et al (2015) 5 SEW 266.

EU Law in the Member States is a new series dedicated to exploring the impact of landmark CJEU judgments and secondary legislation in legal systems across the European Union. Each book will be written by a team of generalist EU lawyers and experts in the relevant field, bringing together perspectives from a wide range of different Member States in order to compare and analyse the effect of EU law on domestic legal systems and practice.

The first volume focuses on the uneasy relationship between the economic freedoms enshrined in Articles 49 and 56 TFEU and the right of workers to take collective action. This conflict has been at the forefront of EU labour law since the CJEU's much-discussed decisions in C-438/05 Viking and C-341/04 Laval, as well as the Commission's more recent attempts at legislative reforms in the failed Monti II Regulation. Viking, Laval and Beyond explores judicial and legislative responses to these measures in 10 Member States, and finds that the impact on domestic legal systems has been much more varied than traditional accounts of EU law would suggest.

ISBN: 9781849466240



J Prassl, 'Autonomous Concepts in Labour Law? The Complexities of the Employing Enterprise Revisited' in A Bogg, C Costello, ACL Davies, and J Prassl (eds), The Autonomy of Labour Law (Hart|Bloomsbury 2015)

J Prassl, 'Employee Shareholder ‘Status’: Dismantling the Contract of Employment' in S Willborn and AC Neal (eds), Yearbook of Comparative Labour Law Scholarship 2014 (Lancaster House 2015) [...]

Reprint of J Prassl (2013) 42 ILJ 307

A Bogg, C Costello, A Davies and J Prassl, 'Introduction: Exploring Autonomy' in A Bogg, C Costello, ACL Davies, and J Prassl (eds), The Autonomy of Labour Law (Hart | Bloomsbury 2015)

A Adams and J Prassl, 'Labour Legislation and Evidence-Based Public Policy: A Case Study' in A Blackham and A Ludlow (eds), New Frontiers in Empirical Labour Law Research (Hart | Bloomsbury 2015)


J Prassl, 'Lex Orandi, Lex Credendi' in R Klugseder (ed), Cantare Amantis Est, Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag von Franz Karl Prassl (Hollinek 2014)

J Prassl, 'The United Kingdom' in B Waas (ed), The Right to Strike: A Comparative View (Kluwer 2014)

J Prassl, 'Three Dimensions of Heterogeneity: An Overview of Member State Experiences' in M Freedland and J Prassl (eds), EU Law in the Member States: Viking, Laval and Beyond (Hart 2014)

J Prassl and M Freedland, 'Viking, Laval and Beyond: An Introduction' in M Freedland and J Prassl (eds), EU Law in the Member States: Viking, Laval and Beyond (Hart 2014)


J Prassl and M Freedland, 'Resolving Ownership Invention Disputes: Limitations of the Contract of Employment' in M Pittard (ed), Business Innovation – A Legal Balancing Act (Elgar 2013)

S Bright, H Glover and J Prassl, 'Tenancy Agreements' in E Simpson and M Stewart (eds), Sham Transactions (OUP 2013)


J Prassl, 'A Kingdom No Longer United?' in B Karl et al (ed), Steirisches Jahrbuch für Politik (Schnider 2012)

N Countouris, M Freedland and J Prassl, 'Social and Labour Law after the Financial Crisis: The UK' in S Laulom and E Mazuyer (eds), Le Droit Social des États Européens Après la Crise (Larcier 2012)

Journal Articles


J Prassl, 'Les seuils sociaux en Europe: Royaume-Uni' (2015) Revue de Droit du Travail 215

J Prassl and B Jones, 'Verpflichtende Außergerichtliche Vermittlungsverfahren im Englischen Arbeitsrecht: ein erster Erfahrungsbericht' (2015) 28 Zeitschrift für Konflikt-Management 36


J Prassl, '"All in it Together?" Labour Markets in Crisis' (2014) 1 Hungarian Labour Law E-Journal 23

J Prassl, '"Mindannyiunkat egyformán érint?” Az Egyesült Királyság koalíciós kormányának munkaerő-piaci reformjai' (2014) 1 Magyar Munkajog E-Folyóirat 26

J Prassl, 'Contingent Crises, Permanent Reforms: Rationalising Labour Market Reforms in the European Union' (2014) 5 ELLJ 211

J Prassl, 'EU Aviation Law before the English Courts: Dawson, Huzar, and Regulation 261/2004' (2014) 39 Air & Space Law 365

J Prassl, 'L’emploi multilatéral en droit anglais' (2014) 4 Revue de Droit du Travail 236

J Prassl, 'Reforming Air Passenger Rights in Europe' (2014) 39 Air & Space Law 59


J Prassl, 'Die Suche nach dem Arbeitgeber im Englischen Recht' (2013) Europäische Zeitschrift für Arbeitsrecht 472

J Prassl, 'Employee Shareholder "Status"? Dismantling the Contract of Employment' (2013) 42 ILJ 307

J Prassl, 'Implementing the New Employee-Shareholder Status' (2013) SJ 9

J Prassl, 'Tale of (Un?)Intended Consequences: Das Vereinigte Königreich in der Krise' (2013) 49 Gesellschaft & Politik 97

J Prassl, 'The European Union and The Montreal Convention: A New Analytical Framework' (2013) 12 Issues in Aviation Law and Policy 381

J Prassl, 'The Notion of the Employer' (2013) 129 LQR 380

J Prassl, 'Third Time Lucky? The Proposed Employee-Shareholder Status' (2013) SJ 19


J Prassl, 'Industrial Action at British Airways: A Case Study' (2012) 11 Contemporary Issues in Law 113


J Prassl and B Gardner, 'Constitutional Resettlement and Popular Sovereignty: A Caribbean Experience' (2009) 4 Justicia - Tijdschrift voor Antilliaans Recht 259


J Prassl, 'Quistclose Trusts: In Search of Coherent Answers' (2007) 3 CSLR 51

Internet Publications


J Prassl, 'European Employment Law at the Crossroads' (2015) British Academy Blog

J Prassl and M Freedland, 'Zero-Hours Contracts: Zero Problem, or Zero Choice?' (2015) OxHRH


J Prassl and B Jones, 'Les tribunaux du travail au Royaume-Uni: une évolution très politique' (2014) Metis

Case Notes


J Prassl, 'Compensation for Delayed Rail Journeys: EU Passenger Rights on Track. Case C-509/11 ÖBB Personenverkehr AG' (2014) 4 Transportrecht 158

J Prassl, 'Members, Partners, Employees, Workers? Partnership Law and Employment Status revisited. Clyde & Co LLP v Bates van Winkelhof' (2014) 43 ILJ 495

J Prassl, 'Montreal Convention Exclusivity and EU Passenger Rights: “Exposing a Grave Injustice” Stott v Thomas Cook' (2014) LQR 538


J Prassl, 'Freedom of Contract as a General Principle of EU Law? Transfers of Undertakings and the Protection of Employer Rights in EU Labour Law (Case C-426/11 Alemo Herron v Parkwood Leisure)' (2013) 42 ILJ 434 [...]

cited in LAG Berlin-Brandenburg, Judgment of 03.12.2014, 24 Sa 1126/14

J Prassl, 'Montreal Exclusivity vs EU law – Round II: Stott v Thomas Cook ' (2013) UK Supreme Court Blog

J Prassl, 'Sturgeon revisited - yet again (Case C-11/11 Air France v Folkerts)' (2013) EUtopia Law Blog

J Prassl, 'Volcanic Ash and "super extraordinary circumstances" (Case C-12/11 McDonagh v Ryanair)' (2013) EUtopia Law Blog


J Prassl and B Havel, 'Reforming Civil Aviation Regulation in the United Kingdom: The Civil Aviation Bill 2011-12' (2012) 11 IALP 1

J Prassl, 'Shared Baggage, Single Interpretation (Case C-410/11 Pedro Sanchez v Iberia)' (2012) EUtopia Law Blog


J Prassl, 'Interpreting Employment Protective Legislation: Gysda Cyf v Barrett' (2011) 40 ILJ 103

J Prassl, 'To Strike, To Serve? British Airways v Unite the Union (Nos 1&2)' (2011) 40 ILJ 82

Working Papers


A Adams, M Freedland and J Prassl, 'The \"Zero-Hours Contract\": Regulating Casual Work, or Legitimating Precarity?' (2015) Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper 00/2015 | ELLN Research Paper 05/2015 [...]

Zero-Hours Contracts have become one of the most high-profile employment law issues of recent years. In this article, we analyse the legal and empirical evidence of work under Zero-Hours arrangements and suggest that whilst a legal engagement with Zero-Hours Contracts as an unresolved labour market problem is long overdue, the current discourse surrounding these work arrangements is fundamentally flawed: there is no such thing as the Zero-Hours Contract as a singular category; the label serves as no more than a convenient shorthand for masking the explosive growth of precarious work for a highly fragmented workforce. Ongoing attempts at regulating Zero-Hours Contracts thus constitute a significant shift towards the normalisation of all but the most extreme forms of abusive employment arrangements, leaving a rapidly increasing number of workers without recourse to employment protective norms. In concluding, we indicate ways towards a more coherent approach to the de-normalisation and progressive regulation of this large and growing set of casual work arrangements. Also published as ELLN Research Paper 05/2015 at (ISSN 2197-1102)

ISBN: ISSN 2197-1102


J Prassl, 'Shares for Rights? The New Employee Shareholder Status in the United Kingdom' (2013) ELLN Working Paper No. 1



J Prassl, 'Reforming Air Passenger Rights in the European Union' (EUtopia Law Blog 2013)

J Prassl, 'Regulating Sub-Contracting Through a Functional Definition of the Employer' (NELP/AFL-CIO 2013)


J Prassl, N Countouris and M Freedland, 'Implementing Employee-Owner Status' (IER 2012)


J Prassl and B Gardner, 'Curaçao, the Netherlands Antilles and the Kingdom: A Look Through the Constitutional Prism' (Van Eps Kunneman Van Doorne 2009)


Future Directions in EU Law workshop

On 3 July 2015, Professor Jeremias Prassl held an initial workshop for his project Future Directions in EU Law, funded through a British Academy Rising Star Engagement Award […]

Call for Applications - Future Directions in EU Labour Law

Early Career Scholars in EU labour law and social policy are invited to apply for a space on the British Academy-funded project on Future Directions in EU Labour Law […]

Book Series Launch

A new series on EU Law in the Member States, published by Hart | Bloomsbury and edited by Jeremias Prassl and Michal Bobek, was launched at a workshop in Stockholm last week […]

EU Law, Economic Freedoms, and Workers' Rights conference

Mark Freedland and Jeremias Prassl have launched the first in a new series looking at exploring the impact of landmark CJEU judgments and secondary legislation in legal systems across the European Union […]


Teaching: European Union Law; Labour/Employment Law; Company Law; Corporate Finance; Comparative and European Corporate Law

Research: Employment Law, EU Law, Corporate Law and Finance, Civil Aviation

Other details

Correspondence address:

Magdalen College
High Street, Oxford, OX1 4AU

Contact details:

other affiliation(s):

Institute of European and Comparative Law
St Cross Building, St Cross Road, Oxford OX1 3UL

Link to personal web site

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