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Criminology — Overview

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For more detailed information about our work in this area, see also the dedicated Centre for Criminology website

This theme contains two subjects, namely: Criminology and Criminology and Criminal Justice


Criminology

Forthcoming Subject Events


October 2014

Criminology Seminar Series
Knowing what we know now. International crimes in historical perspective
Speaker: Prof Willem De Haan, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Universtiy of Amsterdam
All Souls College The Old Library at 15:00
Criminology Seminar Series
Title to be confirmed
Speaker: Lord Macdonald QC, and Keir Starmer, QC
All Souls College The Old Library at 15:00

November 2014

Criminology Seminar Series
Immigration Enforcement
Speaker: Prof Jennifer Chacon, School of Law, University of California
All Souls College The Old Library at 15:00

December 2014

Criminology Seminar Series
Title to be confirmed
Speaker: Sarah Forshaw QC and Matt Foot, Solicitor
All Souls College The Old Library at 15:00

News

Annual Roger Hood Lecture: Friday 23rd May

The Centre for Criminology welcomed Professor Kelly Hannah-Moffat to give this year's Annual Roger Hood Public Lecture […]

Centre for Criminology

Building on the successful inaugural open day last year, this year the Centre has arranged an open day to showcase research and career opportunities outside the University sector […]

Roger Hood Annual Public Lecture 2014

Friday 23 May 17:00 - Manor Road Building Lecture Theatre

Moving targets: Reputational Risk, rights and accountability in punishment - Professor Kelly Hannah-Moffat,

This lecture will comment on how institutional concerns about prevention, reputational risk and human rights have produced forms of accountability that facilitate persistent, systemic problems […]

Leverhulme International Network on External Border Control

photo of Mary BosworthThe Centre for Criminology is pleased to announce the Leverhulme International Network on External Border Control lead by Mary Bosworth […]

Investigating Adolescent Violence towards Parents

photo of Rachel Condry

Rachel Condry (University Lecturer at the Centre for Criminology and a Fellow of St Hilda's College) has recently conducted a three-year research project on adolescent-to-parent violence funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) […]

Making and Breaking Barriers: Assessing the value of mounted police units in the UK

Ben Bradford has been awarded a grant from the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) to research mounted police in the UK, the 12 month project, which is being run in conjunction with RAND and the Association of Chief Police Officers, starts in October 2013 […]

Professor Carolyn Hoyle

photo of Carolyn Hoyle

Professor Carolyn Hoyle has been awarded a £110,338 Research Grant from The Leverhulme Trust to conduct a two-year project on 'Last Resorts: Decisions and Discretion at the Criminal Cases Review Commission' […]

The Roger Hood Public Lecture 23 May 2013

photo of Andrew Ashworth

Criminology has had a home in Oxford for over fifty years and has thrived under the leadership of Professor Roger Hood since 1973, first as an independent unit within the University and, since 1991 as an integral department of the Faculty of Law […]

ESRC-funded seminar series on immigration detention

Mary Bosworth is part of an interdisciplinary team from the Universities of Oxford, York, Birmingham, Lancaster and Exeter who have been granted funds from the ESRC to hold a seminar series entitled 'Exploring Everyday Practice and Resistance in Immigration Detention' […]

Discussion Groups

These self-sustaining groups are an essential part of the life of our graduate school. They are organised in some cases by graduate students and in others by Faculty members and meet regularly during term, typically over a sandwich lunch, when one of the group presents work in progress or introduces a discussion of a particular issue or new case. They may also encompass guest speakers from the faculty and beyond.

Criminology Discussion Group

Publications

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Showing all 304 Criminology publications currently held in our database
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M Bosworth, 'Anatomy of a Massacre: Gender, Power and Punishment in Revolutionary Paris' (2001) 7(10) Violence Against Women 1101

M Bosworth, 'Border Control and the Limits of the Sovereign State' (2008) 17 Social and Legal Studies 199

M Bosworth, 'Border Crossings: Immigration Detention and the Exclusive Society' in M Lee (ed), Human Trafficking. Collumpton (Willan Publishing 2007)

M Bosworth, 'Citizenship and Belonging in a Women\'s Immigration Detention Centre' in C Phillips and C Webster (eds), New Directions in Race, Ethnicity and Crime (Routledge 2014) (forthcoming)

M Bosworth, 'Creating the Responsible Prisoner: Federal Admission and Orientation Packs' (2007) 9 Punishment and Society 67

M Dempsey, C Hoyle and M Bosworth, 'Defining Sex Trafficking in International and Domestic Law: Mind the Gaps' (2012) Emory International Law Review (forthcoming)

M Bosworth, 'Deportation and Immigration Detention: Globalising the Sociology of Punishment' (2012) 16 Theoretical Criminology (forthcoming)

M Bosworth, 'Deporting Foreign National Prisoners in England and Wales ' (2011) 15 Citizenship Studies 583

M Bosworth and others, 'Doing Prison Research: Views from Inside' (2005) 11 Qualitative Inquiry 1

M Bosworth, 'Epilogue' in M Bosworth and J Flavin (eds), Race, gender and punishment: From colonialism to the war on terror (Rutgers University Press 2007)

M Bosworth, B Bowling and M Lee, 'Ethnicity, Globalization and Criminal Justice' (2008) 12 Special Issue, Theoretical Criminology

M Bosworth, Explaining U.S. Imprisonment (Sage Publications 2010)

M Bosworth and E Kaufman, 'Foreigners in a Carceral Age: Immigration and Imprisonment in the U.S.' (2011) 22 Stanford Law & Policy Review 101

M Bosworth and A Fili, 'Gender and Corrections' in C. Renzetti, S. Miller and S. Gover (eds), Handbook of Gender and Crime Studies (Routledge 2012)

M Bosworth and E Kaufman, 'Gender and Punishment ' in J Simon and R Sparks (eds), Handbook of Punishment and Society (Sage 2012) (forthcoming)

M Bosworth, 'Gender, Race, and Sexuality in Prison: The Politics of Identity' in B H Zaitzow and J Thomas (eds), The Technology of Gender Domination in Confined Places (Lynne Reinner Publishers 2003)

M Bosworth, 'Gender, Risk and Recidivism' (2005) 3 Criminology and Public Policy 181

M Bosworth, B Bowling and M Lee, 'Globalisation, ethnicity and racism: An introduction' (2008) 12 Theoretical Criminology 263

M Bosworth, 'Governing the Responsible Prisoner: A Comparative Analysis' in P Triantafillou and E Sørensen (eds), The Politics of Self-Governance (Ashgate 2009)

M Bosworth and M Guild, 'Governing through migration control: Security and Citizenship in Britain' (2008) 48 The British Journal of Criminology 703

M Bosworth and M Guild, 'Gran Bretagna: governare attraverso il controllo delle migrazioni' in S. Palidda (ed), Razzismo Democratico: La Persecuzione degli Stranieri in Europa (AgenziaX 2009)

M Bosworth and M Guild, 'Gran Bretaña: el gobierno a través del control de las migraciones' in S. Palidda (ed), Criminalización étnica de los migrantes en Europa (Comares 2010)

M Bosworth, 'Human Rights and Immigration Detention (Forthcoming)' in M-B Dembour and T Kelly (eds), Are Human Rights for Migrants? Critical Reflections on the Status of Irregular Migrants in Europe and the United States (Routledge 2011)

M Bosworth, 'Immigration Detention' (2008) 71 Criminal Justice Matters 24

M Bosworth, 'Immigration Detention and Foreign Nationals in Prison' (2008) 180 Prison Service Journal 18

M Bosworth, 'Introduction' in M Bosworth and J Flavin (eds), Race, gender and punishment: From colonialism to the war on terror (Rutgers University Press 2007)

C Hoyle, M Bosworth and M Dempsey, 'Labelling the Victims of Sex Trafficking: Exploring the borderland between rhetoric and reality' (2011) 20 Social & Legal Studies 313

M Bosworth and C Hoyle, 'Mapping the Borders of Criminology: Some Concluding Thoughts ' in M Bosworth and C Hoyle (eds), What is Criminology? (Oxford University Press 2011)

M Bosworth, 'Penal Moderation in the US: Yes We Can?' (2011) 10 Criminology & Public Policy 335

M Bosworth and E Kaufman, 'Prison and National Identity: Citizenship, Punishment and the Sovereign State.' in D Scott (ed), Why Prison? (Cambridge University Press 2013) (forthcoming)

M Bosworth, 'Prisons' (2008) Oxford University Press

M Bosworth and S Palmer, 'Prisons' in W. DeKeseredy and M. Dragiewicz (eds), Handbook of Critical Criminology (Routledge 2012)

M Bosworth and E Carrabine, 'Reassessing Resistance: Gender, Race and Sexuality in Prison' (2001) 3(4) Punishment and Society 501

M Bosworth and I Loader, 'Reinventing Penal Parsimony' (2010) 14 Special Issue, Theoretical Criminology

M Bosworth, 'Reinventing Penal Parsimony: An Introduction' (2010) 14 Theoretical Criminology

M Bosworth, C Hoyle and M Dempsey, 'Researching Trafficked Women: Some Thoughts on Methodology' (2011) 17 Qualitative Inquiry 769

K Aas and M Bosworth (eds), The Borders of Punishment: Citizenship, Crime Control, and Social Exclusion (Oxford University Press 2013) (forthcoming)

M Bosworth, 'The Past as a Foreign Country? Some Methodological Implications of Doing Historical Criminology' (2001) 41(3) British Journal of Criminology 431

M Bosworth and C Hoyle, 'What is Criminology: An Introduction' in M Bosworth and C Hoyle (eds), What is Criminology? (Oxford University Press 2011)

M Bosworth and C Hoyle (eds), What is Criminology? (Oxford University Press 2011)

EA Stanko, J Jackson, B Bradford and K Hohl, 'A golden thread, a presence amongst uniforms, and a good deal of data: studying public confidence in the London Metropolitan Police' (2012) 22 Policing and Society [...]

DOI: 10.1080/10439463.2012.671825

This article discusses how four authors came together to create – inside a police service – a specific approach to public ‘trust and confidence’. We have had many theoretical debates – about the nature of public understanding of policing, police culture, procedural justice and public trust in public institutions in a democracy. Also, while we continue to debate, we wade through mounds of data gathered routinely through the Metropolitan Police's own Public Attitude Survey. Reporting internally on a quarterly basis, the survey challenges police colleagues to think about how the police must demonstrate to citizens their trustworthiness to act fairly, effectively and with the best interests of communities at heart. Our experience of moulding the discourse about public confidence inside the largest police service in the UK suggests that police culture itself has been challenged by the accountability that lies at the heart of trust and trustworthiness. We have been asked by the editors of this issue to share with readers how we have come to create a contribution to understanding what drives confidence in policing, which is now a routine part of its performance management.


EA Stanko and B Bradford, 'Beyond measuring "how good a job" police are doing: the MPS model of confidence in policing' (2009) 3 Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice 332

B Bradford, J Jackson and EA Stanko, 'Contact and confidence: Revisiting the impact of public encounters with the police' (2009) 19 Policing and Society 20

B Bradford, 'Convergence not divergence? Trends and trajectories in public contact and confidence in the police' (2011) 51 The British Journal of Criminology 179 [...]

DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azq078

Public trust and confidence are vital to the police function. There has been much comment and debate about the apparent decline in confidence in the British police since the 1950s, most frequently evidenced by data from the British Crime Survey (BCS). Yet, there has been relatively little in-depth interrogation of the data at the heart of the discussion. Pooling data from 11 sweeps of the BCS (1984 to 2005/06), this paper shows a homogenization over time in trends in trust and confidence and experiences of encounters with the police. This pattern is found across both age and ethnicity, and can also be identified in other variables. The story that emerges therefore differs from analyses that emphasize the increasingly diffuse and variable nature of public experiences of the police.


ISBN: 0007-0955

J Jackson and B Bradford, 'Crime, policing and the moral order: On the expressive nature of public confidence in policing' (2009) 60 The British Journal of Sociology 493

J Jackson, B Bradford, K Hohl and S Farrall, 'Does the fear of crime erode public confidence in policing?' (2009) 3 Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice 100

K Hohl, B Bradford and EA Stanko, 'Influencing trust and confidence in the London Metropolitan Police: results from an experiment testing the effect of leaflet-drops on public opinion' (2010) 50 The British Journal of Criminology 491 [...]

DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azq005

Enhancing trust and confidence has moved to the centre of policing policy in England and Wales. The association between direct encounters with police officers and confidence in the police is well-established. But is it possible for the police to increase confidence among the general population including those people who do not routinely come into direct contact with police officers? This paper presents the findings from a quasi-randomised experiment conducted on population representative samples in seven London wards that assessed the impact of a leaflet drop on public perceptions of policing. The results provide strong evidence of an improvement in overall confidence, and in perceptions of police–community engagement, specifically. The leaflets also appear to have had a buffering effect against declines in public assessments of police effectiveness. The findings support the idea that public trust and confidence can be enhanced by direct police communication of this type.


ISBN: 0007-0955

A Myhill and others, 'It Depends What You Mean by Confident: Operationalizing Measures of Public Confidence and the Role of Performance Indicators' (2011) 5 Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice 114 [...]

DOI: 10.1093/police/par027

Centralized performance frameworks for the police in England and Wales have been the subject of considerable debate. Evidence from both the British Crime Survey and local force surveys shows that setting performance targets for public confidence in the police based on single indicator survey measures can have conceptual and practical difficulties. Specifically, such measures can misrepresent the views of some respondents and might underestimate public support for the police. We argue in favour of local public attitudes surveys reconfigured to measure aspects of procedural fairness, police legitimacy, and public intentions to co-operate.


J Jackson, B Bradford, EA Stanko and K Hohl, Just Authority? Trust in the Police in England and Wales (Routledge 2012)

J Jackson and others, 'Legitimacy and procedural justice in prisons' (2010) 191 Prison Service Journal 4

J Jackson and B Bradford, 'Measuring public confidence in the police: Is the PSA23 target fit for purpose?' (2010) 4 Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice 241

A Myhill and B Bradford, 'Overcoming cop culture? Organizational justice and police officers’ attitudes toward the public' (2013) 36 Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management 338 [...]

DOI: 10.1108/13639511311329732

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to test theories of organizational justice in the context of a police agency. Design/methodology/approach – Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was used to analyze data from a survey of officers in a police force in England. Findings – The SEM showed that organizational justice was associated with positive attitudes towards serving members of the public. This relationship was mediated by commitment to elements of community policing and, for community police officers, by general satisfaction with the organization. Practical implications – The findings suggest that police managers committed to implementing process-based policing policies may need to ensure their organizations also implement internal policies and practices that are procedurally fair. Originality/value – This study is one of the first to apply the well established literature on organizational justice to the context of policing, and the first to examine the impact of organizational justice on alignment with community policing and the service model.


B Bradford, J Jackson and M Hough, 'Police legitimacy in action: lessons for theory and practice' in M Reisig and R Kane (eds), Oxford handbook of police and policing (Oxford University Press 2014) (forthcoming)

B Bradford, 'Policing and social identity: procedural justice, inclusion and cooperation between police and public' (2014) 24 Policing and Society 22 [...]

DOI: 10.1080/10439463.2012.724068

Accounts of the social meaning of policing and of the relationship between police and citizen converge on the idea that police behaviour carries important identity-relevant information. Opinions of and ideas about the police are implicated in the formation of social identities that relate to the social groups it represents – nation, state and community. Procedural justice theory suggests that judgements about the fairness of the police will be the most important factor in such processes. Fairness promotes a sense of inclusion and value, while unfairness communicates denigration and exclusion. Furthermore, positive social identities in relation to the police should on this account promote cooperation with it. This article presents an empirical test of these ideas in the context of the British policing. Data from a survey of young Londoners are used to show that perceptions of police fairness are indeed associated with social identity, and in turn social identity can be linked to cooperation. Yet these relationships were much stronger among those with multiple national identities. Police behaviour appeared more identity relevant for people who felt that they were citizens of a non-UK country, but for those who identified only as British there was a weaker link between procedural fairness and social identity, and here legitimacy judgements were the main ‘drivers’ of cooperation. Theoretical and policy implications are discussed.


B Bradford, K Murphy and J Jackson, 'Policing, Procedural Justice and the (Re)production of Social Identity' (2014) 54 British Journal of Criminology 527 [...]

DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azu021

Encounters with the criminal justice system shape people’s perceptions of the legitimacy of legal authorities, and the dominant explanatory framework for this relationship revolves around the idea that procedurally just practice increases people’s positive connections to justice institutions. But there have been few assessments of the idea – central to procedural justice theory – that social identity acts as an important social-psychological bridge in this process. Our contribution in this paper is to examine the empirical links between procedural justice, social identity and legitimacy in the context of policing in Australia. A representative two-wave panel survey of Australians suggests that social identity does mediate the association between procedural justice and perceptions of legitimacy. It seems that when people feel fairly treated by police, their sense of identification with the superordinate group the police represent is enhanced, strengthening police legitimacy as a result. By contrast, unfair treatment signals to people that they do not belong, undermining both identification and police legitimacy.


M Hough and others, 'Procedural justice trust and institutional legitimacy' (2010) 4 Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice 203

B Bradford, EA Stanko and J Jackson, 'Public encounters with the police: On the use of public opinion surveys to improve contact and confidence' (2009) 3 Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice 139

M Hough, J Jackson and B Bradford, 'The drivers of police legitimacy: some European research' (2013) 8 Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism 144 [...]

DOI: 10.1080/18335330.2013.821735

This article summarises some of the thinking and empirical findings behind a programme of survey work on procedural justice theory in Europe. The paper locates procedural justice theory in a framework of compliance theories and sketches out the main features of it, defining the central concept of legitimacy. It then presents the findings from the fifth European Social Survey, drawing on a ‘trust in justice’ module that was designed by the authors and colleagues. This provides a good support for the procedural justice hypotheses that we set out to test—that different types of public trust in the police (trust that they are effective, procedurally fair and distributively fair) are related to public perceptions of police legitimacy, which in turn are related to self-reported compliance with the law and preparedness to cooperate with the police.


B Bradford and Andy Myhill, 'Triggers of change to public confidence in the police and criminal justice system: Findings from the Crime Survey for England and Wales panel experiment' (2014) Criminology and Criminal Justice (forthcoming) [...]

DOI: 10.1177/1748895814521825

Accounts of public ‘trust and confidence’ in criminal justice agencies often fall into one of two camps. Instrumental accounts suggest that people trust police and the criminal justice system (CJS) when they believe them to be effective in fighting crime and reducing offending. Expressive or affective accounts, by contrast, suggest people place as much or more emphasis on the social meaning of justice institutions as on their instrumental activities. In this article we add to recent studies that have sought to weigh up the balance between instrumental and expressive factors. Using data from the Crime Survey for England and Wales panel experiment, we present evidence that trust in police and the wider CJS is implicated in public concerns about the nature of local order and cohesion. The expressive account appears to offer a better understanding of why people may grant trust to, or withdraw trust from, the police and the CJS.


B Bradford, 'Voice neutrality and respect: Use of Victim Support services procedural fairness and confidence in the Criminal Justice System' (2011) Criminology and Criminal Justice [...]

DOI: 10.1177/1748895811408832

Public confidence in the criminal justice system (CJS) is a topic of perennial concern across the United Kingdom, particularly in light of the relatively low levels of confidence reported in the British Crime Survey (BCS) and elsewhere. Recent work on policing has stressed that the experience of procedural fairness is an important influence on ‘user-satisfaction’, trust and legitimacy. Yet it is unclear whether this emphasis on fairness applies to the CJS as a whole, which many might see as primarily there to manage — and punish — offenders as efficiently as possible. This article reports on analysis of the BCS that suggests contact with Victim Support is linked to more favourable views of the fairness of the CJS and to higher levels of confidence in its effectiveness. By providing victims with voice and a sense that someone is listening to and taking their concerns seriously, contact with VS seems to be linked to more favourable overall assessments of the CJS. A space is therefore opened up for approaches to enhancing public confidence that do not rely on ever more punitive policies, or on the arguably Sisyphean task of convincing the public that extant policies are punitive enough.


ISBN: 1748-8958

B Bradford, A Huq, J Jackson and B Roberts, 'What price fairness when security is at stake? Police legitimacy in South Africa' (2014) 8 Regulation and Governance 246 [...]

DOI: 10.1111/rego.12012

The legitimacy of legal authorities – particularly the police – is central to the state's ability to function in a normatively justifiable and effective manner. Studies, mostly conducted in the US and UK, regularly find that procedural justice is the most important antecedent of police legitimacy, with judgments about other aspects of police behavior – notably, about effectiveness – appearing less relevant. But this idea has received only sporadic testing in less cohesive societies where social order is more tenuous, resources to sustain it scarcer, and the position of the police is less secure. This paper considers whether the link between process fairness and legitimacy holds in the challenging context of present day South Africa. In a high crime and socially divided society, do people still emphasize procedural fairness or are they more interested in instrumental effectiveness? How is the legitimacy of the police influenced by the wider problems faced by the South African state? We find procedural fairness judgments play a key role, but also that South Africans place greater emphasis on police effectiveness (and concerns about crime). Police legitimacy is, furthermore, associated with citizens' judgments about the wider success and trustworthiness of the state.


J Jackson and others, 'Why do People Comply with the Law?: Legitimacy and the Influence of Legal Institutions' (2012) 52 British Journal of Criminology [...]

DOI: 10.1093/bjc/azs032

This paper extends Tyler’s procedural justice model of public compliance with the law. Analysing data from a national probability sample of adults in England and Wales, we present a new conceptualization of legitimacy based on not just the recognition of power, but also the justification of power. We find that people accept the police’s right to dictate appropriate behaviour not only when they feel a duty to obey officers, but also when they believe that the institution acts according to a shared moral purpose with citizens. Highlighting a number of different routes by which institutions can influence citizen behaviour, our broader normative model provides a better framework for explaining why people are willing to comply with the law.


ISBN: 0007-0955

B Bradford, P Quinton, A Myhill and G Porter, 'Why do ‘the law’ comply? Procedural justice, group identification and officer motivation in police organizations' (2014) 11 European Journal of Criminology 110 [...]

DOI: 10.1177/1477370813491898

How can police officers be encouraged to commit to changing organizational and personal practice? In this paper we test organizational justice theories that suggest that fair processes and procedures enhance rule compliance and commitment to the organization and its goals. We pay particular attention to (a) tensions between the role of group identity in organizational justice models and classic concerns about ‘cop culture’; and (b) the danger of over-identification with the organization and the counterproductive types of compliance this may engender. Results suggest that organizational justice enhances identification with the police organization, encourages officers to take on new roles, increases positive views of community policing, and is associated with greater self-reported compliance. Identification with the organization has generally positive implications; however, there is some danger that process fairness may encourage unthinking compliance with orders and instructions.


R Burnett, F. McNeill, S. Bachelor and J. Knox, 21st Century Social Work Reducing Reoffending: Key Practice Skills (Scottish Executive 2005)

C Roberts, R Burnett, Kirby and H Hamill, 'A System for Evaluating Probation Practice' (1996) University of Oxford Centre for Criminological Research

R Burnett, P McGhee and D D Clarke, Accounting for Relationships: Explanation, Representation and Knowledge (Methuen 1987)

F McNeill, R Burnett and T McCulloch, 'Culture, Change and Community Justice' (2010) The Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research

R Burnett, 'Editorial: The will and the ways to becoming an ex-offender' (2010) 54 International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 663

R Burnett, 'Effective practice in approved premises: a literature review. Home Office Research Study' (2004) Home Office

R Burnett and G. Eaton, 'Factors Associated with Effective Practice in Approved Premises' (Home Office Online Report 33 2004)

R Burnett, 'Fitting Supervision to Offenders: Assessment and Allocation in the Probation Service, Home Office Research Study' (1996) 153 Home Office

R Burnett, 'Homelessness and crime' in G Towl, D Farrington, D Crighton and G Hughes (eds), Dictionary of Forensic Psychology (Willan 2008)

R Burnett and C Appleton, 'Joined-up services to tackle youth crime: a case-study in England' (2004) 44 British Journal of Criminology 34

R Burnett and C. Appleton, Joined-up Youth Justice: Tackling Youth Crime in Partnership (Russell House Publishing 2004)

R Burnett, 'More than accommodation, less than prison: raising the profile of approved premises' (2005) 10 Vista: Perspectives on Probation 2

R Burnett, 'Never too early? Reflections on research and interventions for early developmental prevention of serious harm' in M Blyth, E Solomon and K Baker (eds), Young People and ?Risk? (Policy Press 2007)

R Burnett, 'Nipping crime in the bud: developmental research and intervention in infancy' (2007) 69 Criminal Justice Matters 14

R Burnett and A Stevens, 'Not Of Much Significance (yet): NOMS from the perspective of prison staff' (2007) 172 Prison Service Journal 3

R Burnett, 'One-to-one ways of promoting desistance: in search of an evidence base' in R. Burnett and C. Roberts (eds), What Works in Probation and Youth Justice: Developing Evidence-Based Practice (Willan Publishing 2004)

R Burnett, 'Post-corrections reintegration: prisoner resettlement and desistance from crime' in J R Adler and J M Gray (eds), Forensic Psychology 2nd edition (Willan 2010)

R Burnett and S Maruna, 'Prisoners as Citizens' Advisers: the OxCAB-Springhill Partnership and its wider implications' (2004) Esmee Fairbairn Foundation 86

R Burnett, 'Probation' in R Canton and D Hancock (eds), Dictionary of Probation and Offender Management (Willan 2007)

R Burnett, S Bachelor and F McNeill, 'Reducing reoffending: lessons from psychotherapy and counselling' (2005) 61 Criminal Justice Matters 32

R Burnett, 'Rehabilitation' and 'Early Release Schemes'' in Y Jewkes and J Bennett (eds), and ?Early Release Schemes? (Willan 2007)

R Burnett and G Farrell, 'Reported and Unreported Racial Incidents in Prisons, Occasional Paper, No. 14' (1994) University of Oxford Centre for Criminological Research

R Burnett, 'Review of Vanstone: Supervising Offenders in the Community' (2007) 9 Punishment and Society 211

R Burnett and S Maruna, 'So 'prison works', does it? The criminal careers of 130 men released from prison under Home Secretary Michael Howard' (2004) 43 Howard Journal of Criminal Justice 390

T LeBel, R Burnett, S Maruna and S Bushway, 'The "chicken and egg" of subjective and social factors in desistance from crime' (2008) 5 European Journal of Criminology 131

R Burnett, 'The case for counselling as a method for working with offenders' (2002) 7 Vista: Perspectives on Probation 216

R Burnett and C. Roberts, 'The emergence and importance of evidence-based practice' in R. Burnett and C. Roberts (eds), What Works in Probation and Youth Justice (Willan Publishing 2004)

R Burnett and F McNeill, 'The place of the officer-offender relationship in assisting offenders to desist from crime' (2005) 52 Probation Journal 221

R Burnett, 'The Probation Service: Responding to Change. Proceedings of the Probation Studies Unit First Colloquium' (1997) University of Oxford Centre for Criminological Research

R Burnett, 'To re-offend or not to re-offend? The ambivalence of convicted property offenders' in S. Maruna and R. Immarigeon (eds), After Crime and Punishment: Pathways to Offender Reintegration. (Willan 2004)

R Burnett, 'Understanding criminal careers through a series of in-depth interviews' (2000) 4 Offender Programs Report 1

R Burnett, What Works in Probation and Youth Justice: Developing Evidence-based Practice. (C. Roberts, Willan Publishing 2004)

R Condry and C Miles, 'Adolescent to parent violence and youth justice in England and Wales' (2012) 11 Social Policy & Society 241 [...]

DOI: 10.1017/S1474746411000601

Adolescent to parent violence is a problem which remains largely unarticulated within youth justice policy literature and academic discourse in England and Wales. This article presents research evidence suggesting that adolescent to parent violence is a significant problem which needs to be clearly addressed in the youth justice policy agenda. Although it is widely recognised by practitioners and regularly encountered in their work, there is a ‘silence’ at the policy level and a lack of appropriate support services or responses. The article considers reasons for the absence of adolescent to parent violence in youth justice policy and argues for the importance of recognising and defining the problem and for the development of appropriate responses.


ISBN: 1474-7464

R Condry and Caroline Miles, 'Adolescent to Parent Violence: Framing and Mapping a Hidden Problem' (2013) Criminology and Criminal Justice (forthcoming) [...]

DOI: 10.1177/1748895813500155

Adolescent to parent violence is virtually absent from policing, youth justice and domestic violence policy, despite being widely recognized by practitioners in those fields. It is under-researched and rarely appears in criminological discussions of family or youth violence. This article presents the first UK analysis of cases of adolescent to parent violence reported to the police. We analyse victim, offender and incident characteristics from 1892 cases reported to the Metropolitan Police in 2009–2010, most of which involved violence against the person or criminal damage in the home. Our findings reveal that adolescent to parent violence is a gendered phenomenon: 87 per cent of suspects were male and 77 per cent of victims were female. We argue that the absence of adolescent to parent violence from criminological discourse must be addressed if criminology is to have a thorough understanding of family violence in all its forms.


R Condry, 'Appreciating the Broad Reach of Serious Crime and the Interpretive Power of Claims to Secondary Victimization' in David Downes, Dick Hobbs and Tim Newburn (eds), The Eternal Recurrence of Crime and Control: Essays in Honour of Paul Rock (Clarendon: Oxford 2010)

R Condry, 'Families Outside: The Difficulties Faced by Relatives of Serious Offenders' (2007) Prison Service Journal

R Condry, Families Shamed: The Consequences of Crime for Relatives of Serious Offenders (Willan Publishing 2007)

R Condry, 'My World as I Knew it - Gone: The Impact of Crime on Relatives of Serious Offenders' (2007) 33 Safer Society: The Journal of Crime Reduction and Community Safety

K Bullock and R Condry, 'Responding to denial, minimization and blame in correctional settings: The ‘real world’ implications of offender neutralizations' (2013) 10 European Journal of Criminology 572 [...]

DOI: 10.1177/1477370813475391

This article examines ‘real-world’ implications of offender neutralizations. Drawing on empirical evidence derived from a study of the operation of community-based cognitive-behavioural programmes for perpetrators of domestic violence, it focuses on the implications, for offenders, of displaying neutralizations in correctional treatment settings. This article draws attention to the complex relationship between neutralization and correctional group work practice. First, it demonstrates that neutralization of offending does not always have the negative implications for offenders that have been assumed by some commentators. Neutralization may not preclude enrolment on to a correctional programme, is not always challenged in a confrontational way by practitioners and does not automatically result in suspension and the application of more punitive criminal sanctions. Second, the article demonstrates the difficulties that practitioners and participants face in tackling neutralizations in this context. Our findings suggest a need to rethink the central role that neutralizations play in aspects of contemporary criminal justice practice.


R Condry, 'Stigmatised Women: Relatives of Serious Offenders and the Broader Impact of Crime' in Frances Heidensohn (ed), Gender and Justice: New Concepts and Approaches (Willan Publishing 2006)

R Hood and C Hoyle, 'Abolishing the Death Penalty Worldwide: The Impact of a New Dynamic?' (2009) 38 Crime and Justice: A Review of Research 1

A Wilcox, R Young and C Hoyle, 'An Evaluation of the Impact of Restorative Cautioning: Findings from a Reconviction Study, Home Office Research Findings' (Home Office 255 2004)

A Wilcox, C Hoyle and R Young, 'Are Randomised Controlled Trials Really the "Gold Standard" in Restorative Justice Research?' (2005) 3 British Journal of Community Justice 39

C Hoyle, 'Being a 'nosy bloody cow': ethical and methodological issues in researching domestic violence' in R King and E Wincup (eds), Doing Research on Crime and Justice (Oxford University Press 2000)

C Cunneen and C Hoyle, Debating Restorative Justice (Hart Publishing 2010)

M Madden Dempsey, C Hoyle and M Bosworth, 'Defining Sex Trafficking in International and Domestic Law: Mind the Gaps' (2012) 26 Emory International Law Review 101

C Hoyle, E Cape, R Morgan and A Sanders, 'Evaluation of the 'One Stop Shop' and Victim Statement Pilot Projects' (1998) Home Office RDSD

R Young and C Hoyle, 'Examining the Guts of Restorative Justice' (2000) 40 Criminal Justice Matters

C Hoyle and N Palmer, 'Family justice centres: A model for empowerment?' (2014) 20 International Review of Victimology 1 [...]

The London Borough of Croydon, in the south of England, established, in December 2005, a Family Justice Centre (FJC) to respond in a flexible way to meet the varied needs of those abused in intimate relationships. The FJC brings together some 33 agencies under one roof. This article draws on a small, grounded pilot study of the Croydon FJC – the first study of a FJC in the UK  to consider if the co-location and cooperation of services to victims of domestic abuse has the potential to empower victims to make informed choices about their futures.


ISBN: 0269-7580

C Hoyle, 'Feminism, Victimology and Domestic Violence' in Sandra Walklate (ed), Handbook of the Victims and Victimology (Willan Publishing 2007)

C Hoyle, 'Global Restrictions on the Use of the Death Penalty: The New Dynamic of Human Rights' [2011] 28 Criminal Law Review 1

M Walters and C Hoyle, 'Healing Harms and Engendering Tolerance: the promise of restorative justice for hate crime' in N Chakraborti (ed), Concepts, policy, future directions (Willan 2010)

R Young, C Hoyle, K Cooper and R Hill, 'Informal Resolution of Complaints Against the Police: A quasi-experimental test of restorative justice' (2005) 5 Criminal Justice 279

C Hoyle and D Rose, 'Labour, Law and Order' (2001) 72 Political Quarterly 77

C Hoyle, Negotiating Domestic Violence: Police, Criminal Justice and Victims (Oxford University Press 1998)

C Hoyle and A Sanders, 'Police Response to Domestic Violence: from victim choice to victim empowerment?' (2000) 40 British Journal of Criminology

C Hoyle, 'Policing and Restorative Justice' in G Johnstone and D Van Ness (eds), Handbook of Restorative Justice (Willan Publishing 2007)

C Hoyle (ed), Restorative Justice (Critical Concepts series) (Routledge 2009)

C Hoyle, 'Restorative Justice and other New Penal Patterns, Conference Rapporteur's Report to the Ditchley Foundation' (Ditchley Conference Document D00/07 2000)

C Hoyle, 'Restorative Justice Policing in Thames Valley' (2009) Journal of Police Studies vol 2009-2(11) Special Issue on Restorative Policing by L. G. Moor, T. Peters, P. Ponsaers and J. Shapland (eds) 189

N Preston, C Hoyle and R Young, 'Restoring the Faith' (1999) Police Review

C Hoyle, 'Securing Restorative Justice for the 'Non-Participating' Victim' in Carolyn Hoyle and Richard Young (eds), New Visions of Crime Victims (Hart Publishing 2002)

C Hoyle and S Noguera, 'Supporting Young Offenders Through Restorative Justice: Parents as (In)Appropriate Adults' (2008) 6 British Journal of Community Justice 67

R Hood and C Hoyle, The Death Penalty: A Worldwide Perspective (Oxford University Press 2008)

R Young and C Hoyle, 'The Implementation and Effectiveness of the Initiative in Restorative Cautioning by Thames Valley Police, Research Findings' (Joseph Rowntree Foundation 2002)

C Hoyle, R Morgan and A Sanders, 'The Victim's Charter - An Evaluation of Pilot Projects' (1999) 107 Home Office Research Findings

C Hoyle and L Zedner, 'Victims, Victimization and Criminal Justice' in M Maguire, R Morgan and R Reiner (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Criminology, 4th edn (OUP 2007)

M Bosworth and C Hoyle (eds), What is Criminology? (Oxford University Press 2011)

C Hoyle, 'Will She Be Safe? A Critical Analysis of Risk Assessment inDomestic Violence Cases' (2008) 30 Children and Youth Services Review 323

B Kellezi, D Reicher and C Cassidy, 'Appraisal, social identity and trauma. The case of Kosovo Albanians' (2009) 58 Applied Psychology; An international Review. Special issue: Social Identity, Health and Well-being 59

B Kellezi and D Reicher, 'Social cure or social curse?: The psychological impact of extreme events during the Kosovo conflict.' in J. Jetten, C. Haslam, and S.A. Haslam (eds), The social cure: Identity, health, and well-being (New York: Psychology Press 2011) [...]

forthcoming


L Lazarus, 'Civilizing Security by I Loader and N Walker' (2008) Public Law Winter   [Review]

L Lazarus, 'Delivering Rights: How the Human Rights Act is Working by J Jowell and J Cooper' (2004) Public Law Winter   [Review]

L Lazarus, 'Inspecting the Tail of the Dog' in Melissa McCarthy (ed), Incarceration and Human Rights (Manchester University Press 2010)

L Lazarus, A Tomkins and H Fenwick, 'Submission in response to HM Treasury: Public Consultation: Draft Terrorist Asset-Freezing Bill (Cm 7852)' (2010)

L Lazarus and others, 'Submission to United Kingdom Joint Parliamentary Committeee of Human Rights on The Case for a Human Rights Commission (HL Paper 160, HC 1142)' (2001)

L Lazarus, 'The President, The Prosecutor, and the Secular Priest: corruption, politics and the courts - Jacob Zuma v National Director of Public Prosecution' (2008) Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 46/2008

I Loader, A Thumala and B Goold, 'A Tainted Trade? Moral Ambivalence and Legitimation Work in the Private Security Industry' (2011) 62 British Journal of Sociology 283 [...]

The private security industry is often represented – and typically represents itself – as an expanding business, confident of its place in the world and sure of its ability to meet a rising demand for security. But closer inspection of the ways in which industry players talk about its past, present and future suggests that this self-promotion is accompanied by unease about the industry’s condition and legitimacy. In this paper, we analyse the self-understandings of those who sell security – as revealed in interviews conducted with key industry players and in a range of trade materials – in order to highlight and dissect the constitutive elements of this ambivalence. This analysis begins by describing the reputational problems that are currently thought to beset the industry and the underlying fears about its status and worth that these difficulties disclose. We then examine how security players seek to legitimate the industry using various narratives of professionalization. Four such narratives are identified – regulation, education, association and borrowing – each of which seeks to justify private security and enhance the industry’s social worth. What is striking about these legitimation claims is that they tend not to justify the selling of security in market terms. In conclusion we ask why this is the case and suggest that market justifications are ‘closed-off’ by a moral ambivalence that attaches to an industry trading in products which cannot guarantee to deliver the condition that its consumers crave.


I Loader, E Girling and R Sparks, 'A Telling Tale: A Case of Vigilantism and its Aftermath in an English Town' (1998) 49 British Journal of Sociology 474

I Loader, E Girling and R Sparks, 'After Success?: Anxieties of Affluence in an English Village' in T Hope and R Sparks (eds), Crime, Risk and Insecurity: Law and Order in Political Discourse and Everyday Life (Routledge 2000)

I Loader and R Sparks, 'Beyond Mass Incarceration?' (2014) 23 The Good Society 114

I Loader and R Sparks, 'Braithwaite, Criminology and the Debate on Public Social Science' in S Parmentier, I Aertson, J Maesschalck, L Paoli and L Walgrave (eds), The Sparking Discipline of Criminology: John Braithwaite and the Construction of Critical Social Science and Social Justice (Leuven University Press 2011)

I Loader and S Percy, 'Bringing the 'Outside' In and the 'Inside' Out: Crossing the Criminology/IR Divide' (2012) 13 Global Crime 213

I Loader, S Anderson, R Kinsey and C Smith, Cautionary Tales: Young People, Crime and Policing in Edinburgh (Avebury 1994)

I Loader and N Walker, Civilizing Security (Cambridge University Press 2007)

I Loader, 'Consumer Culture and the Commodification of Policing and Security' (1999) 33 Sociology 373

I Loader, B Goold and A Thumala, 'Consuming Security?: Tools for a Sociology of Security Consumption' (2010) 14 Theoretical Criminology 3 [...]

How does our understanding of private security alter if we treat security consumption as consumption? In this paper, we set out the parameters of a project which strives – theoretically and empirically – to do just this. We begin with a reminder that private security necessarily entails acts of buying and selling, and by indicating how the sociology of consumption may illuminate this central – but overlooked – fact about the phenomenon. We then develop a framework for investigating security consumption. This focuses attention on individual acts of shopping; practices of organizational security that individuals indirectly consume; and social and political arrangements that may prompt the consumption of, or themselves be consumed by, security. This way of seeing, we contend, calls for greater comparative enquiry into the conditions under which markets for security commodities flourish or founder, and close analysis of the social meanings and trajectories of different security goods. By way of illustration we focus on four such categories of good – those we term commonplace, failed, novel and securitized. The overarching claim of the paper is that the study of private security currently stands in need of greater conceptual and empirical scrutiny of what is going on when ‘security’ is consumed.


ISBN: 1362-4806

I Loader and R Sparks, 'Contemporary Landscapes of Crime, Order and Control: Governance, Risk and Globalization' in M Maguire, R Morgan and R Reiner (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Criminology (4th Edn) (Oxford University Press 2007)

I Loader and R Sparks, 'Contemporary Landscapes of Crime, Order and Control: Governance, Risk and Globalization' in M Maguire, R Morgan and R Reiner (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Criminology (3rd Edn) (Oxford University Press 2002)

I Loader, E Girling and R Sparks, Crime and Social Change in Middle England: Questions of Order in an English Town (Routledge 2000)

I Loader, E Girling and R Sparks, 'Crime and the Sense of One's Place: Globalization, Restructuring and Insecurity in an English Town' in V Ruggerio, N South and I Taylor (eds), The New European Criminology: Crime and Social Order in Europe (Routledge 1998)

I Loader, 'Criminology and the Public Sphere: Arguments for Utopian Realism' in P Walton and J Young (eds), The New Criminology Revisited (Macmillan 1998)

I Loader, 'Criminology in a hot climate' (2010) Public Lecture, British Library

I Loader and R Sparks, 'Criminology's Public Roles: A Drama in Six Acts' in M Bosworth and C Hoyle (eds), What is Criminology? (Oxford University Press 2011)

I Loader, S Karstedt and H Strang (eds), Emotions, Crime and Justice (Hart 2011)

I Loader, 'Fall of the 'Platonic Guardians': Liberalism, Criminology and Political Responses to Crime in England and Wales' (2006) 46 (4) British Journal of Criminology 561

I Loader, R Sparks and E Girling, 'Fear and Everyday Urban Lives' (2001) 38 Urban Studies (review issue on 'Fear and the City') 885

I Loader and R Sparks, 'For an Historical Sociology of Crime Policy in England and Wales since 1968' in M Matravers (ed), Managing Modernity: Politics and the Culture of Control (Routledge 2005)

I Loader and R Sparks, 'For an Historical Sociology of Crime Policy in England and Wales since 1968' (2004) 7 Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 5

I Loader, 'For penal moderation: Notes towards a public philosophy of punishment' (2010) 14 Theoretical Criminology 349

I Loader, 'Governing European Policing: Some Problems and Prospects' (2002) 12 Policing & Society 291

I Loader, 'How, and why, to stop banking on prisons (2009 Perrie Lecture)' (2009) Prison Service Journal

I Loader, 'Ice Cream and Incarceration: On Appetites for Security and Punishment' (2009) 11 Punishment and Society 241 [...]

In this paper, I set out a framework for investigating the relationship between contemporary consumer desires and practices and public demands for security and punishment. In so doing, I argue that punishment-centred public responses to crime, social disorder and terrorist threats (what has been termed penal excess) are today bound up with other, widespread social practices of excess. The paper takes the form of a reconstruction and critique of contemporary securitarian obsessions and proceeds as follows: I begin with a discussion of how the concept of excess (and its close cousins) has been and might potentially be applied to the social analysis of crime and crime control. I then make a case for understanding demands for security and punishment as an appetite and examine how the coupling of such appetites with identity, the market and the state can give rise to excessive, punitive, insecurity-reproducing penal practices. I conclude with some brief reflections on the ‘end’ of excess – both in terms of its corrosive, self-defeating effects and how one may seek to moderate or counteract them.


I Loader, 'Is it NICE? The Appeal, Limits and Promise of Translating a Health Innovation into Criminal Justice ' (2010) 63 Current Legal Problems 72

I Loader, 'Journeying Into, and Away From, Neo-Liberal Penality' in M McCarthy (ed), Incarceration and Human Rights (Manchester University Press 2010)

I Loader, 'Justice, Democracy and the Limits of Policing: Rethinking Police Accountability' (1994) 3 Social and Legal Studies 521

I Loader and R Sparks, 'Knowledge Politics and Penal Politics in Europe' in T Daems, S Snacken and D van Zyl Smit (eds), European Penology? (Oxford: Hart 2013)

I Loader and N Walker, 'Liberty, Security and the Responsible State' in D Leighton and S White (eds), Building a Citizen Society: The Emerging Politics of Republican Democracy (Lawrence & Wishart 2008)

I Loader and N Walker, 'Locating the Public Interest in Transnational Policing' in A Goldsmith and J Sheptycki (eds), Crafting Transnational Policing (Hart 2006)

I Loader, E Girling and R Sparks, 'Narratives of Decline: Youth, Dis/order and Community in an English "Middletown"' (1998) 38 British Journal of Criminology 388

I Loader and N Walker, 'Necessary Virtues: The Legitimate Place of the State in the Production of Security' in J Wood and B Dupont (eds), Democracy, Society and the Governance of Security (Cambridge University Press 2005)

I Loader and W de Haan, 'On the Emotions of Crime, Punishment and Social Control' (2002) 6 Theoretical Criminology 243

I Loader, 'Playing with Fire?: Democracy and the Emotions of Crime and Punishment' in S Karstedt, I Loader and H Strang (eds), Emotions, Crime and Justice (Hart 2011)

I Loader, 'Plural Policing and Democratic Governance' (2000) 9 Social and Legal Studies 323

I Loader and A Mulcahy, Policing and the Condition of England: Memory, Politics and Culture (OUP 2003)

I Loader, 'Policing and the Social: Questions of Symbolic Power' (1997) 48 British Journal of Sociology 1

I Loader and N Walker, 'Policing as a Public Good: Reconstituting the Connections Between Policing and the State' (2001) 5 Theoretical Criminology 9

I Loader, 'Policing Unlimited?: Security, Civic Governance and the Public Good' in K van der Vijver and J Terpstra (eds), Urban Safety: Problems, Governance and Strategies (IPIT 2004)

I Loader, 'Policing, Recognition and Belonging' (2006) 605 The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 201

I Loader, 'Policing, Securitisation and Democratisation in Europe' in T Newburn and R Sparks (eds), Policing, Securitisation and Democratisation in Europe (Willan 2004)

I Loader, 'Policing, Securitization and Democratization in Europe' (2002) 2 Criminology and Criminal Justice 125

I Loader, 'Private Security and the Demand for Protection in Contemporary Britain' (1997) 7 Policing & Society 143

I Loader and R Sparks, Public Criminology? (Routledge 2010)

I Loader, 'Re-Balancing the Criminal Justice System?: A Response to Tony Blair' (2006)

I Loader, 'Redrawing the blue line' (2010) The Guardian

I Loader, 'Restraining Order' (2008) Progress

I Loader, 'Sir Ian Blair: The Burkean Top Cop' (2010) 81 Political Quarterly 459   [Review]

I Loader and S Percy (eds), Special Issue of Global Crime on 'Reordering Security' ( 2012)

I Loader and M Bosworth (eds), Special issue of Theoretical Criminology on 'Re-inventing Penal Parsimony' ( 2010)

I Loader and N Walker, 'State of Denial?: Rethinking the Governance of Security' (2004) 6 Punishment and Society 221   [Review]

I Loader, 'Straw's embrace of penal excess ignores public will' (2008) The Guardian

I Loader, 'The Anti-Politics of Crime (Review Essay)' (2008) 12 Theoretical Criminology 399   [Review]

I Loader, B Goold and A Thumala, 'The Banality of Security: The Curious Case of Surveillance Cameras' (2013) 53 British Journal of Criminology 977 [...]

Why do certain security goods become banal (while others do not)? Under what conditions does banality occur and with what effects? In this paper we answer these questions by examining the story of closed circuit television cameras (CCTV) in Britain. We consider the lessons to be learned from CCTV’s rapid – but puzzling - transformation from novelty to ubiquity, and what the banal properties of CCTV tell us about the social meanings of surveillance and security. We begin by revisiting and reinterpreting the historical process through which camera surveillance has diffused across the British landscape, focussing on the key developments that encoded CCTV in certain dominant meanings (around its effectiveness, for example) and pulled the cultural rug out from under alternative or oppositional discourses. Drawing upon interviews with those who produce and consume CCTV, we tease out and discuss the family of meanings that can lead one justifiably to describe CCTV as a banal good. We then examine some frontiers of this process and consider whether novel forms of camera surveillance (such as domestic CCTV systems) may press up against the limits of banality in ways that risk unsettling security practices whose social value and utility have come to be taken for granted. In conclusion, we reflect on some wider implications of banal security and its limits.


ISBN: 0007-0955

I Loader, 'The Cultural Lives of Security and Rights' in B Goold and L Lazarus (eds), Security and Human Rights (Hart 2007)

I Loader, 'The Great Victim of this Get-tough Hyperactivity is Labour' (2008) The Guardian

I Loader and A Mulcahy, 'The Power of Legitimate Naming: Part I - Chief Constables as Social Commentators in Post-War England' (2001) 41 British Journal of Criminology 41

I Loader and A Mulcahy, 'The Power of Legitimate Naming: Part II - Making Sense of the Elite Police Voice' (2001) 41 British Journal of Criminology 252

I Loader, 'Thinking Normatively About Private Security' (1997) 24 Journal of Law and Society 377

I Loader, 'This Internment Lobby Risks Harming not Just Liberty, But Security Itself' (2007) The Guardian

I Loader and R Sparks, 'Wacquant and Civic Sociology: Formative Intentions and Formative Experiences' (2010) 10 Criminology & Criminal Justice 405

I Loader, 'We Lock People up with No Thought and to Little Effect' (2007) The Guardian

I Loader and R Sparks, 'What is to be done with Public Criminology?' (2010) 9 Criminology & Public Policy 771

I Loader, 'Why penal reform should be a Conservative issue' (2009) Conservative Home

I Loader, Youth, Policing and Democracy (Palgrave 1996)

D Da Cruz and others, 'Emergency Department Contact Prior to Suicide in Mental Health Patients' (2010) Emergency Medicine Journal

C Miles, 'Intoxication-Related Homicide in England and Wales' (2010) 188 Prison Service Journal 22

A Pearson and others, 'Primary Care Contact Prior to Suicide in Individuals with Mental Illness' (2009) 59 British Journal of General Practice 825

P Saini and others, 'Suicide Prevention in Primary Care: General Practitioners? Views on Service Availability' (2010) 3 BMC Research Notes

J Roberts, '"Faint Hope" in the Firing Line: Repeal of S. 745.6?' (2009) Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 537

J Roberts, 'Aggravating and Mitigating Factors at Sentencing: Towards Greater Consistency of Application' [2008] Criminal Law Review 264

J Roberts, 'Alchemy in sentencing: an analysis of reform proposals in England and Wales.' (2002) Punishment and Society. The International Journal of Penology, 2002.

J Roberts, 'An analysis of the statutory statement of the purposes and principles of sentencing in New Zealand.' (2003) Australia and New Zealand Journal of Criminology

J Roberts, 'An Introduction to Criminal Justice in Canada' in Roberts, Julian V. and Grossman, Michelle (eds), Criminal Justice in Canada : a Reader (Nelson Thomson Learning 2003)

J Roberts and Mike Hough, Changing Attitudes to Punishment. Public opinion, crime and criminal justice (Willan Publishing 2002) [...]

Abstract: This volume explores the evolution of public attitudes to punishment in western nations.

ISBN: 1-84392-002-6

J Roberts and Mike Hough (eds), Changing Attitudes to Punishment: International Context. (Willan Publishing. 2002) [...]

Abstract: Roberts is the first editor and individual responsible for producing this volume. It draws upon research conducted around the world and has been favorably reviewed in: Criminal Justice; SCOLAG Law Journal;British Journal of Criminology and British Society of Criminology Bulletin.

ISBN: 1-84392-003-4

J Roberts and E. Erez, 'Communication in sentencing: exploring the expressive and the impact model of victim impact statements.' (2004) International Review of Victimology

J Roberts and Kent Roach, 'Community sentencing and the perspective of crime victims: a socio-legal analysis.' (2005) Queen's Law Journal, 2005.

J Roberts, B. Fischer and M. Kirst, 'Compulsory drug treatment in Canada: a socio-legal history and examination of contemporary legal tools.' (2002) European Addiction Research, 2002.

M Hough and J Roberts, 'Crime and Criminal Justice: Exploring the Policy Options for Britain' in D Halpern, V Uberoi, I McLean and A Coutts (eds), Policy Options for Britain (Palgrave Macmillan 2009)

J Roberts (ed), Criminal Justice in Canada. Third Edition. (Thomson Nelson 2007) [...]

Abstract: This text explores a diversity of issues in criminal justice in Canada.

ISBN: 0-19-513623-3

J Roberts and M Hough, 'Custody or Community? Exploring the Boundaries of Public Punitiveness in England and Wales (in press)' (2010) Criminology and Criminal Justice

J Roberts, 'Determining parole eligibility dates for life prisoners: lessons from jury hearings in Canada.' (2002) Punishment and Society. The International Journal of Penology, 2002.

J Roberts and S. Verdun-Jones, 'Directing traffic at the crossroads of criminal justice and mental health: implications of the Supreme Court judgment in R. v. Knoblauch.' (2002) Alberta Law Review, 2002.

J Roberts and P. Stenning, 'Empty promises: parliament, the Supreme Court and the Sentencing of Aboriginal Offenders.' (2001) Saskatchewan Law Review, 2001.

J Roberts and Mike Hough, 'English Believe Sentences Soft and Rising.' in Penal Reform in Overcrowded Times (Oxford University Press 2001)

J Roberts and T. Sanders, 'Exploring Public Attitudes to Conditional Sentencing' in Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods. (Pearson 2004)

J Roberts and E. Baker, 'Globalization and the New Punitiveness.' in The New Punitiveness: Current Trends, Theories and Perspectives (Willan Publishing 2005)

J Roberts, 'Harmonizing the sentencing of young and adult offenders: a comparison of the Youth Criminal Justice Act and Part XXIII of the Criminal Code.' (2004) Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice

A Bottoms and J Roberts (eds), Hearing the Victim: Adversarial Justice,Crime Victims, and the State (Willan Publishing 2010)

J Roberts and N. Bala, 'Juvenile Justice Reform in Canada.' in Handbook of International Juvenile Justice (Springer 2006)

J Roberts, 'L'evolution et consequences de la reforme de la sentence au Canada.' (2001) Sociologie et Societes, 2001.

J Roberts and A. von Hirsch, 'Legislating sentencing principles: the provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 relating to sentencing purposes and the role of previous convictions.' [2004] Criminal Law Review

J Roberts, 'Listening to the Crime Victim: Evaluating Victim Input at Sentencing and Parole' in M Tonry (ed), Crime and Justice (volume 38) (University of Chicago Press 2009)

J Roberts and T. Gabor, 'Living in the shadow of prison: lessons from the Canadian experience in decarceration.' (2004) British Journal of Criminology

J Roberts, 'Mandatory minimum sentences of imprisonment: Exploring the consequences for the sentencing process.' (2001) Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 2001.

J Roberts (ed), Mitigation and Aggravation at Sentencing (Cambridge University Press 2011)

J Roberts, J. Unnever and F. Cullen, 'Not everyone strongly supports the death penalty: assessing weakly-held attitudes about capital punishment.' (2005) American Journal of Criminal Justice, 2005.

J Roberts, Dave Indermaur, Mike Hough and Loretta Stalans, Penal Populism and Public Opinion. Lessons from Five Countries. (Oxford University Press. 2003) [...]

Abstract: This mongraph was then first two explore the world-wide phenonmenon of penal populism, drawing upon criminal policy developments in five jurisdictions. It has been positively reviewed in the Australia and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, Alberta law Review and Canadian Journal of Criminology.

ISBN: 0-19-513623-3

J Roberts, 'Pre-trial Custody, Terms of imprisonment and theConditional Sentence: Crediting 'Dead Time' to effect 'Regime Change' in sentencing' (2005) 9 Canadian Criminal Law Review 191

J Roberts and A von Hirsch (eds), Previous Convictions at Sentencing: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives (Hart Publishing 2010)

A Ashworth, A von Hirsch and J Roberts (eds), Principled Sentencing (Third Edition) (Hart Publishing 2009)

J Roberts and R. Gebotys, 'Prisoners of Isolation: research on the effects of administrative segregation.' (2001) Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 2001.

J Roberts, 'Public Attitudes to Community-based Sanctions' in Changing Attitudes to Punishment (Willan Publishing 2002)

J Roberts, M Hough, J Jacobson and J Bredee, 'Public attitudes to sentencing offenders convicted of offences involving death by driving' [2008] Criminal Law Review 525

J Roberts, M Hough, J Jacobson and N Moon, 'Public Attitudes to Sentencing Purposes and Sentencing Factors: An Empirical Analysis' [2009] Criminal Law Review 771

J Roberts and Mike Hough, 'Public Knowledge and Public Opinion of Sentencing' in Sentencing and Society: International Perspectives (Ashgate Publishing 2002)

J Roberts and L. Stalans, 'Public Opinion and Criminal Justice' in Encyclopedia of Criminology (Fitzroy-Dearborn 2004)

J Roberts, 'Public opinion and mandatory sentences of imprisonment: a review of international findings.' (2003) Criminal Justice and Behaviour, 2003.

J Roberts, 'Public Opinion and Sentencing Policy' in S. Rex and M. Tonry (eds), Reform and Punishment: the future of sentencing (Willan Publishing 2002)

J Roberts, 'Public Opinion and the Administration of Justice: Research Findings across two decades.' in Public Opinion and the Administration of Justice (Politea 2005)

J Roberts, 'Public Opinion and the Evolution of Juvenile Justice Policy in the Western world.' in Youth Crime and Youth Justice: Comparative and Cross-National Perspectives (University of Chicago Press 2004)

J Roberts, 'Public Opinion and Youth Justice' (2004) 2004 (31) Crime and Justice 495

J Roberts and Mike Hough, 'Public Opinion, Sentencing and Parole: International Trends' in Psychology in the Courts (University of Toronto Press. 2001)

J Roberts, 'Public Perceptions of Corrections' in Corrections in Canada ( 2001) [...]

Abstract: Review of public attitudes to corrections

J Roberts, 'Punishing Persistence: Explaining the Enduring Appeal of the Recidivist Sentencing Premium' (2008) British Journal of Criminology 468

J Roberts, Punishing Persistent Offenders (Oxford University Press 2008)

J Roberts and J. Sprott, 'Punitive and moderate penal policies: explaining divergent approaches to reform in Canada and the United States.' (2005) International Journal of Comparative Criminology, 2005.

J Roberts, 'Race, crime and the collection of criminal justice statistics' in Crimes of Colour. Racialization and the Criminal Justice System (Broadview Press 2001)

J Roberts and P. Healy, 'Recent Developments in Conditional Sentencing.' (2001) Canadian Bar Review, 2001.

J Roberts, 'Reducing the Use of Custody as a Sanction: A Review of Recent Strategies' (2006) Judicial Studies Institute Journal, 2006

J Roberts, 'Reforming Sentencing and Parole in Canada' in Penal Reform in Overcrowded Times (Oxford University Press 2001)

J Roberts, A. von Hirsch, A. Bottoms and K. Roach, Restorative and Criminal Justice. Competing or Reconcilable Paradigms? (Hart Publishing Oxford. 2003) [...]

Abstract: This edited volume explores the relationship between criminal and restorative justice. It contains contributions from many of the leading scholars in the field from around the world.

ISBN: 1-84113-273-X

J Roberts and L. Stalans, 'Restorative justice and the sentencing process; exploring the views of the public.' (2004) Social Justice Research

J Roberts, Mike Hough and L.Stalans, 'Restorative Justice and the Views of the Public.' (2005) Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, 2005.

J Roberts and Kent Roach, 'Restorative Justice in Canada: From Sentencing Circles to Sentencing Principles' in A. Von Hirsch, J.V. Roberts, A. Bottoms, K. Roach, K. and M. Schiff, M. (eds), Restorative and Criminal Justice (Hart Publishing 2003)

J Roberts and L. Stalans, 'Retribution' in Encyclopedia of Criminology (Fitzroy-Dearborn 2004)

A Manson, P Healy, J Roberts and D Ives (eds), Sentencing and Penal Policy in Canada (Second Edition) (Emond Montgomery 2008)

J Roberts and A. Hastings, 'Sentencing in cases of hate-motivated crime: An analysis of the impact of sub-paragraph 718.2 of the Criminal Code.' (2001) Queen's Law Journal, 2001,

J Roberts and E Baker, 'Sentencing in Common Law Jurisdictions' in S Shoham, O Beck and M Kett (eds), International Handbook of Penology and Criminal Justice (Routledge 2007)

J Roberts and E. Baker, 'Sentencing in Common Law Jurisdictions' in International Penology (De Sitter 2006)

J Roberts and S. Terblanche, 'Sentencing in South Africa: lacking in principle but delivering justice?' (2005) South African Journal of Criminal Justice, 2005.

J Roberts and J. Tufts, 'Sentencing Juvenile Offenders: Public Preferences and Judicial Practice.' (2002) Criminal Justice Policy Review, 2002.

J Roberts, 'Sentencing scholarship and sentencing reform in Canada.' (2001) Mcgill Law Journal, 2001.

J Roberts and Mike Hough, 'Sentencing young offenders: public opinion in England and Wales.' (2005) Criminal Justice, 2005.

J Roberts, 'Sentencing, Law and Psychology' in An Introduction to Psychology and the Law (University of Toronto Press 2001)

J Roberts, 'Serving Time in the Community: The Conditional Sentence of Imprisonment' in Roberts, Julian V. and Grossman, Michelle (eds), Criminal Justice in Canada : a Reader (Nelson Thomson Learning 2003)

J Roberts, C. Hutchison and R. Jesseman, 'Supervising conditional sentence orders: the perceptions of probation officers in Ontario.' (2005) Criminal Reports, 2005.

J Roberts, 'The Evolution of Conditional Sentencing in Canada.' (2002) Criminal Reports, 2002.

J Roberts, 'The fall and rise of the recidivist premium: recent developments in England and Wales.' (2005) Federal Sentencing Reporter, 2005.

J Roberts and P. Healy, 'The Future of Conditional Sentencing.' (2001) Criminal Law Quarterly, 2001,

J Roberts, 'The Future of Youth Court Sentencing in Canada' in Issues and Perspectives on Young Offenders (Thomson Nelson 2004)

J Roberts and T. Gabor, 'The Impact of Conditional Sentencing: Decarceration and Widening of the Net.' (2003) Canadian Criminal Law Review, 2003.

J Roberts and R. Melchers, 'The Incarceration of Aboriginal Offenders: an analysis of trends, 1978-2001.' (2003) Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 2003.

J Roberts, 'The pluses and minuses of custody: sentencing reform in England and Wales.' (2003) The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice

J Roberts, 'The Role of public opinion in the development of sentencing policy and practice' in A Freiberg and K Gelb (eds), Penal Populism, Sentencing Councils and Sentencing Policy (Willan Publishing/Federation Press 2008)

J Roberts, 'The Role of the Victim at Sentencing and Corrections' in K Reitz and J Petersilia (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections (Oxford University Press 2010)

J Roberts and P. Stenning, 'The Sentencing of Aboriginal Offenders.' (2002) Saskatchewan Law Review, 2002.

J Roberts, 'The sentencing of Juveniles in Canada: An analysis of recent reform legislation.' (2003) Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice

J Roberts and Mike Hough, 'The state of the prisons: exploring public knowledge and opinion.' (2005) The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 2005.

J Roberts, The Virtual Prison. Community Custody and the Evolution of Imprisonment. (Cambridge University Press 2004)

J Roberts, H. Johnson and M. Grossman, 'Trends in crimes of sexual aggression in Canada: an analysis of police-reported and victimizations statistics.' (2003) International Journal of Comparative Criminology, 2003.

J Roberts and M Hough, Understanding Public Attitudes to Criminal Justice (Open University Press 2005) [...]

Abstract: This monograph discusses public opinion in the field of criminal justice, drawing upon research conducted in many western nations.

ISBN: 0 335 21536X

J Roberts and N. Bala, 'Understanding sentencing under the Youth Criminal Justice Act.' (2003) Alberta Law Review

J Roberts, 'Unearthing the Sphinx: the evolution of conditional sentencing' in Criminal law in Canada (Canadian Bar Review 2001) [...]

Abstract: Chapter charting the evolution of conditional sentencing in Canada

J Roberts and others, 'Unintentional firearms deaths:Can they be reduced by lowering gun ownership levels?' (2002) Canadian Journal of Public Health, 2002.

J Roberts, 'Victim impact statements and the sentencing process: enhancing communication in the courtroom.' (2003) Criminal Law Quarterly, 2003.

J Roberts and M Manikis, 'Victim Impact Statements at Sentencing: Exploring the relevance of Ancillary Harm (in press)' (2010) Canadian Criminal Law Review

J Roberts and E Erez, 'Victim Impact Statements at Sentencing: Expressive and Instrumental Purposes' in Hearing the Victim: Adversarial Justice, Crime Victims, and the State (Willan Publishing 2010)

J Roberts and A. Edgar, 'Victim impact statements at sentencing: perceptions of the judiciary in Canada.' (2003) International Journal of Victimology

N Padfield and J Roberts, 'Victims and Parole: Probative or Prejudicial?' in Hearing the Victim: Adversarial Justice, Crime Victims, and the State (Willan Publishing 2010)

Courses

The courses we offer in this field are:

Postgraduate

MSc

Criminology and Criminal Justice

Please visit the course pages on the Centre for Criminology's dedicated website.

Criminology and Criminal Justice (Research Methods)

Please visit the course pages on the Centre for Criminology's dedicated website.


People

Criminology teaching is organized by a Subject Group convened by:

Rachel Condry: Associate Professor of Criminology

in conjunction with:

Mary Bosworth: Professor of Criminology
Carolyn Hoyle: Professor of Criminology
Ian Loader: Professor of Criminology
Julian Roberts: Professor of Criminology
Lucia Zedner: Professor of Criminal Justice

Also working in this field, but not involved in its teaching programme:

Clara Feliciati: DPhil Law student
Arushi Garg: MPhil Law student
Roger Hood: Emeritus Professor of Criminology and Fellow of All Souls College, and former Director of the Centre for Criminological Research
George Mawhinney: DPhil Law student
Leila Ullrich: DPhil Criminology student
Marion Vannier: DPhil Criminology student
Federico Varese: Professor of Criminology

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Criminology and Criminal Justice

Discussion Groups

These self-sustaining groups are an essential part of the life of our graduate school. They are organised in some cases by graduate students and in others by Faculty members and meet regularly during term, typically over a sandwich lunch, when one of the group presents work in progress or introduces a discussion of a particular issue or new case. They may also encompass guest speakers from the faculty and beyond.

Police and Policing Research Discussion Group

Publications

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Showing all 81 Criminology and Criminal Justice publications currently held in our database
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A Ashworth and Elaine Player, 'Criminal Justice Act 2003: the Sentencing Principles' (2005) 68 Modern Law Review 822 [...]

A critical review of the major sentencing provisions introduced by the Criminal Justice Act 2003.


ISBN: 0026-7961

A Ashworth, 'Criminal Justice Reform: Principles, Human Rights and Public Protection' [2004] Criminal Law Review 516 [...]

Critique of foundations for recent criminal justice legislation


ISBN: 0011-135X

A Ashworth, 'Criminal Justice, not Criminology?' in Mary Bosworth and Carolyn Hoyle (eds), What is Criminology? (Oxford University Press 2011) [...]

An attempt to discuss the distinctions and interrelations between criminology, criminal justice and criminal law.


ISBN: 978-0-19-957182-6

A Ashworth and L H Zedner, Defending the Criminal Law: Reflections on the Changing Character of Crime, Procedure and Sanctions (2, Criminal Law and Philosophy 2008) [...]

DOI: 10.1007/s11572-007-9033-2

Re-assessment of the trend away from traditional criminal law and criminal procedure, and re-assertion of the normative significance of criminal law principles and protections.


ISBN: 1871-9791

A Ashworth, 'Departures from the Sentencing Guidelines' [2012] Criminal Law Review [...]

A critique of the law and practice relating to departues from the sentencing guidelines in England and Wales


ISBN: 0011-135X

A Ashworth, 'Plea-Bargaining, Pragmatism and Rights' in H. Muller-Dietz, E. Muller, K.-L. Kunz, H. Radtke, G. Britz, C. Momsen, H. Koriath (eds), Festschrift fur Heike Jung (Nomos 2007) [...]

Exploring the compatibility of plea bargaining with the presumption of innocence.


ISBN: 978-3-8329-2537-6

A Ashworth and Andrew von Hirsch, Proportionate Sentencing: Exploring the Principles (Oxford University Press 2005) [...]

An exploration and refinement of the application of the proportionality principle in the theory of punishment and sentencing.


ISBN: 0-19-927260-3

A Ashworth, Sentencing and Criminal Justice (5th edn, Cambridge University Press 2010)

A Ashworth, 'Sentencing Guidelines and the Sentencing Council' [2010] Criminal Law Review 389 [...]

A critical assessment of the provisions of the Coroners and Justice Act 2009 relating to sentencing guidelines and the new Sentencing Council.


A Ashworth and J. V. Roberts (eds), Sentencing Guidelines: Exploring the English Model (Oxford University Press 2013) [...]

An edited book of essays on the English sentencing guidelines, reflecting critically on their merits both intrinsically and as compared with guidelines in other jurisdictions.


ISBN: 978-0-19-968457-1

A Ashworth and others, The Criminal Process (Oxford University Press 2005) [...]

The third (expanded) edition of a critical text on the English criminal process and criminal procedure.


ISBN: 0-19-927338-3

A Ashworth and Mike Redmayne, The Criminal Process (Oxford University Press 2010)

A Ashworth, 'The Struggle for Supremacy in Sentencing' in A. Ashworth and J.V. Roberts (eds), Sentencing Guidelines: Exploring the English Model (Oxford University Press 2013) [...]

An analysis of the politics of sentencing in the first decade of this century, assessing the positions of the judiciary, the government and the sentencing guideline bodies and their respective influences on sentencing policy.


ISBN: 978-0-19-968457-1

M Bosworth, 'Can Immigration Detention be Legitimate' in KF Aas and M Bosworth (eds), The Borders of Punishment: Citizenship, Crime Control and Social Exclusion (Oxford University Press 2013) (forthcoming)

M Bosworth (ed), Encyclopedia of Prisons and Correctional Facilties, Volume One and Two. (Sage Reference 2005) [...]

Abstract: This two volume work was awarded Best Reference 2005 by the Library Journal. I contribute some entries, as well as an introduction.

M Bosworth, 'Identity, Citizenship and Punishment' in Mary Bosworth and Jeanne Flavin (eds), Race, gender and punishment: From colonialism to the war on terror (Rutgers University Press 2007) [...]

Abstract: Chapter in book I coedited on race, gender and punishment. Analysis of recent legislation in the USA.

ISBN: 0-8135-3904-8

M Bosworth, 'Immigration Detention' in S Pickering (ed), Routledge Handbook on Crime and Migration ( 2014) (forthcoming)

M Bosworth and Turnbull, Sarah, 'Immigration Detention and the Expansion of Penal Power in the UK' in K. Reiter and A. Koenig. (eds), Extreme Punishment (Palgrave 2015)

M Bosworth, 'Immigration Detention, Ambivalence and the Colonial Other ' in Eriksson, Anna (eds), Punishing the Other (Routledge 2015)

M Bosworth, I Hasselberg and S Turnbull, 'Imprisonment in a Global Age: Rethinking Penal Power' in Y Jewkes, B Crewe and J Bennett (eds), Handbook of Prisons (Sage Publications 2015)

M Bosworth and G Slade, 'In Search of Recognition: Gender and Staff-Detainee Relations in a British Immigration Removal Centre' (2014) 16 Punishment & Society (forthcoming)

M Bosworth, Inside Immigration Detention: Foreigners in a Carceral Age (Oxford University Press 2014) (forthcoming)

KF Aas and M Bosworth, 'Preface' in KF Aas and M Bosworth (eds), The Borders of Punishment: Citizenship, Crime Control and Social Exclusion (Oxford University Press 2013) (forthcoming)

M Bosworth and B Kellezi, 'Quality of Life in Detention: Results from the MQLD Questionnaire Data Collected in IRC Yarl’s Wood, IRC Tinsley House and IRC Brook House, August 2010 – June 2011.' (Centre for Criminology 2012)

M Bosworth and Jeanne Flavin (eds), Race, gender and punishment: From colonialism to the war on terror (Rutgers University Press 2007) [...]

Abstract: I contribute a chapter, plus a co-written introduction and conclusion. This is a collection of original essays on the history, theory and contemporary format of race, gender and punishment in the US.

ISBN: 0-8135-3904-8

M Bosworth, 'Self-harm in women's prisons' (2006) 5 Criminology and Public Policy 157 [...]

Abstract: This is a brief overview of the literature and issues associated with self-harm in women's prisons. It served as an introduction to a longer paper by someone else and a response both of which I commissioned and edited for the journal. The journal is one of the official publications of the American Society of Criminology.

S Pickering, M Bosworth and KF Aas, 'The Criminology of Mobility' in S Pickering (ed), Routledge Handbook on Crime and Migration (Routledge 2014) (forthcoming)

M Bosworth, The US Federal Prison System (Sage Publications 2002) [...]

Abstract: This book pulls together scholarly research, government publications and first hand accounts to provide the first overview of policy and practice in the US Federal Prison system. It also contains an appendix listing and describing all federal prisons. It is a cross-over book, designed for prison researchers, prisoners and those who work with them. It was positively reviewed in academic journals.

ISBN: 0-7619-2304-7

M Bosworth, 'Theorizing Race and Imprisonment: Towards a New Penality' (2004) 12 Critical Criminology 221 [...]

Abstract: This is a comparison of historical and contemporary issues to do with race and prisons in the UK, France and the USA.

R Burnett, Baker, K. and Roberts, C., 'Assessment, supervision and intervention: fundamental practice in probation' in L. Gelsthorpe and R. Morgan (eds.) (eds), Handbook of Probation (Willan 2007)

G.Robinson and R Burnett, 'Experiencing modernisation: frontline probation perspectives on the transition to a national offender management service' (2007) 54 Probation Journal 318

R Burnett and S Maruna, 'The kindness of prisoners: strengths-based resettlement in theory and in action' (2006) 6 Criminology and Criminal Justice 83

D. Faulkner and R Burnett, Where Next for Criminal Justice? (The Policy Press 2011)

R Burnett, 'Youth offending teams' in T. Bateman and J. Pitts (eds), Companion to Youth Justice (Russell House Publishing 2005)

B Goold, CCTV and Policing: Public Area Surveillance and Police Practices in Britain (Clarendon Series in Criminology, Oxford University Press 2004)

B Goold, 'CCTV and Public Area Surveillance in Japan: Balancing Privacy Rights and Police Powers' (2002) 34(6) December 2002 Hosei Riron (The Journal of Law and Politics, Japan)

B Goold, 'Entries for Australia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Yugoslavia' in L.E. Sullivan and M.R. Haberfeld (eds), Encyclopedia Of Law Enforcement (Sage Publishing 2005) [...]

Profiles on the criminal justice systems of Australia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Yugoslavia for the Encyclopedia Of Law Enforcement


ISBN: 0-7619-2649-6

B Goold, 'Idealizing the Other? Orientalism and the Study of Japanese Criminal Justice' (2004) 23(1) (Winter/Spring 2004) Criminal Justice Ethics

B Goold, 'Open to All? Regulating Open Street CCTV and the Case for 'Symmetrical Surveillance'' (2006) (Winter/Spring 2006) Criminal Justice Ethics 25(1) 3

B Goold, 'Privacy Rights and Public Spaces: CCTV and the Problem of the ‘Unobservable Observer' (2002) 21(1) Winter/Spring 2002 Criminal Justice Ethics

B Goold, 'Public Area Surveillance and Policing: The Impact of CCTV on Police Behaviour and Autonomy' (2003) 2(1) January 2003 Journal of Surveillance and Society .

B Goold, 'Restorative Cautioning, Theories of Reintegration, and the Influence of Japanese Notions of Shame' (2003) 36(2) December 2003 Hosei Riron (The Journal of Law and Politics, Japan)

B Goold, 'Unter dem Auge der Kamera. CCTV und Polizeiarbeit' in Leon Hempel and Jörg Metelmann (eds), Bild - Raum - KontrolleVideoüberwachung als Zeichen gesellschaftlichen Wandels (Suhrkamp Verlag Germany 2005) [...]

Image - space - control. Video control as a sign of societal change. Book chapter on the impact of CCTV on police practices in Britain, with particular reference to the implications of recent findings on the use of police surveillance technologies in Germany and Europe more generally.


ISBN: 3-518-29338-9

C Hoyle, Roderick Hill, Karen Cooper and Richard Young, 'Introducing Restorative Justice to the Police Complaints System: Close Encounters of the Rare Kind.' (2003) Occasional Paper No. 20. Centre for Criminological Research 35 [...]

Abstract: This report presents a discussion of data on the introduction of restorative processes in the police complaints system.

ISBN: 0 947811 19 2

C Hoyle, Roderick Hill, Karen Cooper and Richard Young, 'Meeting Expectations: The Application of Restorative Justice to the Police Complaints Process' (Occasional Paper No. 21, Centre for Criminological Research 83 2003) [...]

Abstract: This report presents the findings of a two-year study examining the use of restorative justice within the police complaints system.

ISBN: 0 947811 20 6

C Hoyle and Leila Ullrich, 'New Court, New Justice? The Evolution of Justice for Victims at Domestic Courts and the International Criminal Court' (2014) Journal of International Criminal Justice [...]

The International Criminal Court (ICC) is the first international criminal justice institution that explicitly promises to deliver justice for victims by providing for the rights of victims to participation and reparation in criminal proceedings. More than a decade after its establishment, the time is right to consider how this new idea of justice for victims has developed at the ICC. While analysis of the ICC’s framework has benefited from international law and other academic disciplines, such as international relations and politics, there has been too little attention paid to international criminal justice by mainstream criminologists and victimologists. To fill this gap, this article will systematically reflect on the similarities and differences in the evolution of the idea of justice for victims at domestic criminal courts and the ICC from a criminological and victimological perspective. Overall, the comparison suggests that while the concept of justice for victims has been mainly understood in terms of the benefits and problems of incorporating victims’ rights into criminal law procedure in the domestic context, at the ICC, it has led to broader contestations and redefinitions of the very meaning of justice. These contestations on justice have to be understood in the institutional context of a still young and sui generis court that is unsure of the kind of justice it can and should deliver.


R Young and C Hoyle, 'New Improved Restorative Justice?: Action-Research and the Thames Valley Initiative in Restorative Cautioning' in A von Hirsch, A Bottoms, J Roberts, K Roach and M Schiff (eds), Restorative Justice and Criminal Justice: Competing or Complementary Paradigms? (Hart Publishing 2003) [...]

Abstract: Empirical research by the authors is used to illuminate the developing practice of police-led restorative justice in the UK.

ISBN: 1-84113-273-X

C Hoyle and Richard Young (eds), New Visions of Crime Victims (Hart Publishing 2002) [...]

Abstract: An innovative edited collection of original theoretical analyses and previously unpublished empirical research on criminal victimisation. I edited this with Richard Young, wrote a chapter and a preface.

ISBN: 1-84113-280-2

C Hoyle, R Young and R Hill, 'Proceed with Caution: An Evaluation of the Thames Valley Police Initiative in Restorative Cautioning' (Joseph Rowntree Foundation 85 2002) [...]

Abstract: This report on the findings of a three-year study conducted in the Thames Valley provides unique insight into the development and achievements of the first large-scale restorative justice programme in the UK.

ISBN: 1-84263-071-7

C Hoyle and Richard Young, 'Restorative Justice and Punishment' in S. McConville (ed), The Use of Punishment (Willan Publishing 2003) [...]

Abstract: This chapter considers the development of restorative justice, its applications, its relationship with state justice, its relationship with vengeance and punishment, and some interconnected philosophical issues.

ISBN: 1-84392-033-6

C Hoyle, 'Restorative Justice in the Thames Valley: Changes in the Complaints and Discipline Process,' (2001) 133 Prison Service Journal 37 [...]

Abstract: A description of the recent move towards using restorative justice for the complaints and discipline process in the Thames Valley.

ISBN: 0300-3558

C Hoyle, 'Restorative Justice, Victims and the Police' in T Newburn (ed), Handbook of Policing, 2nd edn. (Willan Publishing 2008) [...]

Abstract: This chapter explores the ways in which the police in the UK use the principles of restorative justice in their encounters with victims and offenders, adult and juvenile. It argues that there are practical and philosophical objections to the police involvement in restorative justice, and that these, at lesat in part, explain wy there seems to be less restorative activity in the UK in 2008 that there was at teh start of the twenty-first century

ISBN: 978-1-84392-323-7

C Hoyle and Richard Young, 'Restorative Justice, Victims and the Police' in T Newburn (ed), Handbook of Policing (Willan Publishing. 2003) [...]

Abstract: This chapter explores the various ways in which the police are experimenting with the principles of restorative justice in the United Kingdom and draws on empirical research conducted by the authors.

ISBN: 1-84392-020-4

C Hoyle and Richard Young, 'Restorative Justice: Assessing the Prospects and Pitfalls' in M McConville and G Wilson (eds), The Handbook of the Criminal Justice Process (Oxford University Press 2002) [...]

Abstract: An assessment of the prospects and pitfalls of restorative justice.

ISBN: 0-19-925395-1

Roger Hood and C Hoyle, The Death Penalty: A Worldwide Perspective (5th edn, Oxford University Press 2014)

C Hoyle, 'The Role of the Victim in Criminal Justice in England' [2014] 37 Criminal Law Review 490

C Hoyle, A Wilcox and R Young, 'Two-year Resanctioning Study: A Comparison of Restorative and Traditional Cautions' (Home Office 57 1 2004) [...]

Abstract: This study reports the results of a 24 month resanctioning study of traditional and restorative cautions. It compared the resanctioning rates of over 29,000 offenders in the 3 police forces (2 using restorative cautions and 2 using the traditional process). No evidence was found to suggest that restorative cautioning resulted in a statistically significantly reduction in the resanctioning rate or the frequency or seriousness of offending.

ISBN: 1 84473 479X

C Hoyle, Andrew Sanders, Rod Morgan and Ed Cape, 'Victim Impact Statements: Don't work, Can't work' [2001] June Criminal Law Review 437 [...]

Abstract: This article contributes to the debate in the Criminal Law Review between Erez and Ashworth on victim impact statement schemes (VIS). The authors argue that VIS are misconceived in principle and unsatisfactory in practice.

ISBN: 0011 135X

AYK Lee, 'Reflective Equilibrium: The Role of Public Opinion in Normative Theoretical Work' (2013) Criminology at Oxford

I Loader, 'Police Scandal and Reform?: Can we Break out of More of the Same?' (2014) Left Foot Forward

J Morgan and L Zedner, Child Victims, Crime, Impact, and Criminal Justice (Oxford University Press 1992)

L Zedner and B Goold (eds), Crime and Security (Ashgate 2006) [...]

Edited volume of leading articles in the field selected and introduced by us.


ISBN: 0 7546 2600 8

L Zedner, 'Erring on the side of safety: Risk assessment, expert knowledge, and the criminal court' in I Dennis & GR Sullivan (eds), Seeking Security: Pre-empting the Commission of Criminal Harms (Hart Publishing 2012)

L Zedner, 'Liquid Security: Managing the market for crime control' (2006) 6 (2) Criminology and Criminal Justice 267 [...]

This article examines attempts to regulate the growing private security market drawing on the literatures of economic analysis of law and regulation.


ISBN: 1748-8958

L Zedner, 'Neither safe nor sound? The perils and possibilities of risk' (2006) 48/3 Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 423 [...]

Examines the implications of risk reduction as a basis for penal policy and explores how adjacent social scientific disciplines conceive, deploy, and respond to risk.


ISBN: 1707-7753

L Zedner, 'Opportunity makes the Thief-Taker: the influence of economic analysis on crime control' in T Newburn and P Rock (eds), The Politics of Crime Control (Oxford University Press 2006) [...]

An appraisal of the impact of economic analysis/rational choice theory on criminal justice politics and Home Office policy making.


ISBN: 0-19-920840-9

L Zedner and I Loader, 'Police beyond Law' (2007) vol.10, no.1 New Criminal Law Review 142 [...]

Critical review essay of Markus Dubber The Police Power: Patriarchy and the Foundations of American Government.


ISBN: 1933-4192

Andrew Ashworth and L Zedner, Preventive Justice ( 2014)

L Zedner, 'Punishment and the Plurality of Privacy Interests' in E Claes and A Duff (eds), Privacy and the Criminal Law ( 2006) [...]

Questions the status of privacy as a right and attempts to articulate the range of interests that arise when reference is made to privacy.


ISBN: 90-5095-545-2

L Zedner, 'Risiko, Sicherheit und Terrorismus: Drei Konzepte auf der Suche nach einer akademishen Disziplin' (2012) 10 Kriminiologisches Journal 30

L Zedner and Carolyn Hoyle, 'Victims, Victimization, and the Criminal Process' in M Maguire, R Morgan & R Reiner (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Criminology (Oxford University Press 2007) [...]

Authoritative overview of the literature and research on victims and their role in the criminal process for the key criminological textbook in the field.


ISBN: 978-0-19-920543-1

L Zedner, Women, Crime, and Custody in Victorian England (Oxford University Press 1991)

Courses

The courses we offer in this field are:

Undergraduate

FHS - Final Year (Phase III)

The degree is awarded on the basis of nine final examinations at the end of the three-year course (or four years in the case of Law with Law Studies in Europe) and (for students who began the course in October 2011 or later) an essay in Jurisprudence written over the summer vacation at the end of the second year. Note: the Jurisprudence exam at the end of the third year is correspondingly shorter. This phase of the Final Honour School includes the first and second term of the final year; the Final Examinations are taken in the third term of the final year.

Criminology and Criminal Justice

Why are criminal laws made? Why are they broken? How do we, and how should we, react to the breaking of criminal laws? These three questions are the stuff of criminology. They also occupy a central and controversial place in public and political debates about the condition and future of contemporary liberal democratic societies. This course provides students with the chance to study them in depth.
Criminology and Criminal Justice offers students an opportunity to study crime and the ways in which it is dealt with by the criminal justice system. It enables students to explore the nature of crime and its control by examining the issues at stake using the resources of legal, penal and social theory. It also offers students the chance to think about crime as a social phenomenon and to explore using criminological research and analysis how criminal justice and penal systems operate in practice.

The course is structured as follows: 18 lectures as well four classes and tutorials

Lectures, classes and tutorials are provided by several academics from the Law Faculty who are also members of the Centre for Criminology.

More information about the Centre for Criminology, including the All Souls Criminology Seminar Series, can be found on the Centre's website.

Diploma in Legal Studies

Criminology and Criminal Justice

Why are criminal laws made? Why are they broken? How do we, and how should we, react to the breaking of criminal laws? These three questions are the stuff of criminology. They also occupy a central and controversial place in public and political debates about the condition and future of contemporary liberal democratic societies. This course provides students with the chance to study them in depth.
Criminology and Criminal Justice offers students an opportunity to study crime and the ways in which it is dealt with by the criminal justice system. It enables students to explore the nature of crime and its control by examining the issues at stake using the resources of legal, penal and social theory. It also offers students the chance to think about crime as a social phenomenon and to explore using criminological research and analysis how criminal justice and penal systems operate in practice.

The course is structured as follows: 18 lectures as well four classes and tutorials

Lectures, classes and tutorials are provided by several academics from the Law Faculty who are also members of the Centre for Criminology.

More information about the Centre for Criminology, including the All Souls Criminology Seminar Series, can be found on the Centre's website.

Postgraduate

BCL

Our taught postgraduate programme, designed to serve outstanding law students from common-law backgrounds

Punishment, Security and the State

The proposed course aims to provide an in-depth understanding of the theoretical underpinnings, justifications, and contemporary practices of punishment and security. The subject is approached from criminological, socio-legal, philosophical, and historical perspectives. The course explores the role of the state in the exercise of its most coercive functions against individual citizens – whether punishing those found guilty of criminal wrongdoing or taking security measures against those deemed to pose a risk to the safety of the public and the nation.

In Michaelmas Term it will focus on ‘why we punish’ by examining major debates in penal theory concerning the justification and rationale for punishment (not least desert theory and its critics, communicative and consequentialist theories). The second half of the term will consider ‘how we punish’ by exploring diverse social, economic and political aspects of punishment and examining whether it is possible to do justice to difference.

In Hilary Term the focus will shift from punishment to the pursuit of security and critically examine what is meant by security (whether, for example, as pursuit, commodity, or public good). Successive seminars will consider whether the growth of markets in private security and the development of communal and personal security provision evidence the fragmentation or dispersal of state power. They will go on to examine exercises in state sovereignty in the name of risk management, counterterrorism, and migration and border control. These reassertions of state power permit significant intrusions into individual freedom and the deployment of exceptional measures and the course will address important questions about the limits of legality and the balancing of liberty and security.

In Trinity Term two final seminars will provide an opportunity for critical reflection and engagement with issues raised throughout the course. The first will examine the case for ‘civilizing security’ and consider how security should be pursued, distributed, and governed and by whom; the second returns to the question of punishment to explore the notion of penal excess and the case for penal moderation.

The course will be taught by 12 seminars and 4 tutorials spread across Michaelmas and Hilary Terms (six seminars and two tutorials in each) with 2 further summative seminars in Trinity providing an opportunity for critical reflection on the whole course. The standard exam for the BCL (ie, 3 hour closed book) will be set.

The focus of teaching will be the weekly seminar which all those taking the course are required to attend. Students will be expected to read and think about the assigned materials in advance of the seminar. The seminar will be introduced by a Faculty member, followed by discussion, usually based around a set of questions distributed in advance. In addition the Centre for Criminology organizes seminars during the academic year at which distinguished invited speakers discuss current research or major issues of policy. This programme is advertised on the Centre's website and all students are encouraged to attend.

MJur

Our taught postgraduate programme, designed to serve outstanding law students from civil law backgrounds.

Punishment, Security and the State

The proposed course aims to provide an in-depth understanding of the theoretical underpinnings, justifications, and contemporary practices of punishment and security. The subject is approached from criminological, socio-legal, philosophical, and historical perspectives. The course explores the role of the state in the exercise of its most coercive functions against individual citizens – whether punishing those found guilty of criminal wrongdoing or taking security measures against those deemed to pose a risk to the safety of the public and the nation.

In Michaelmas Term it will focus on ‘why we punish’ by examining major debates in penal theory concerning the justification and rationale for punishment (not least desert theory and its critics, communicative and consequentialist theories). The second half of the term will consider ‘how we punish’ by exploring diverse social, economic and political aspects of punishment and examining whether it is possible to do justice to difference.

In Hilary Term the focus will shift from punishment to the pursuit of security and critically examine what is meant by security (whether, for example, as pursuit, commodity, or public good). Successive seminars will consider whether the growth of markets in private security and the development of communal and personal security provision evidence the fragmentation or dispersal of state power. They will go on to examine exercises in state sovereignty in the name of risk management, counterterrorism, and migration and border control. These reassertions of state power permit significant intrusions into individual freedom and the deployment of exceptional measures and the course will address important questions about the limits of legality and the balancing of liberty and security.

In Trinity Term two final seminars will provide an opportunity for critical reflection and engagement with issues raised throughout the course. The first will examine the case for ‘civilizing security’ and consider how security should be pursued, distributed, and governed and by whom; the second returns to the question of punishment to explore the notion of penal excess and the case for penal moderation.

The course will be taught by 12 seminars and 4 tutorials spread across Michaelmas and Hilary Terms (six seminars and two tutorials in each) with 2 further summative seminars in Trinity providing an opportunity for critical reflection on the whole course. The standard exam for the BCL (ie, 3 hour closed book) will be set.

The focus of teaching will be the weekly seminar which all those taking the course are required to attend. Students will be expected to read and think about the assigned materials in advance of the seminar. The seminar will be introduced by a Faculty member, followed by discussion, usually based around a set of questions distributed in advance. In addition the Centre for Criminology organizes seminars during the academic year at which distinguished invited speakers discuss current research or major issues of policy. This programme is advertised on the Centre's website and all students are encouraged to attend.


People

Criminology and Criminal Justice teaching is organized by a Subject Group convened by:

Julian Roberts: Professor of Criminology

in conjunction with:

Mary Bosworth: Professor of Criminology
Rachel Condry: Associate Professor of Criminology
Carolyn Hoyle: Professor of Criminology
Liora Lazarus: Associate Professor of Law
Ian Loader: Professor of Criminology
Natasha Simonsen: Stipendiary Lecturer in Law, St Annes College
Lucia Zedner: Professor of Criminal Justice

assisted by:

George Mawhinney: DPhil Law student

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