Soon after its independence in 1947, India gave to itself a Constitution, which established the Supreme Court as its highest Court of Appeal, with original Jurisdiction in limited matters such as breach of Fundamental Rights, and disputes between States. In its sixty five years of existence, the Court has played a pivotal role in the development of Indian democratic institutions and polity.
During the past twenty years or so, the Court has become increasingly ‘activist’ and has catalyzed changes in India’s business and corporate laws and public life. Prior to this, it developed the basic structure of constitution theory, deep pockets principle, etc. Two years ago, it cancelled 122 telecom licences and recently 200 coal mines licenses, as it found the process opaque.
The Court has been criticized for going too far. Mr. Nath with his forty years of experience at the Court will bring an insight on this subject.