This is the companion workshop to one held at the University of Oxford in December 2012.  Like its Oxford counterpart, this workshop is part of a broader project to support better scholarship in this embryonic area of research and lead to the publication of high quality and high impact studies.  The project is co-sponsored by the Engelberg Center on Innovation Law and Policy at New York University School of Law and the United States Patent and Trademark Office in cooperation with the Center for Law & Economics, ETH Zurich, the Oxford Intellectual Property Research Centre, and the Centre for Competition Policy (UEA).