The measures announced include a new agency, Cladding Safety Victoria, to oversee the removal of dangerous cladding from residential apartment buildings, and Victorian government funding of $600 million (AUD) to fund rectification works to remove the cladding.
Government intervention to oversee and fund the rectification of buildings with high-risk cladding was a key recommendation of the Victorian Cladding Taskforce Report released today, which I chaired with former Victorian premier Ted Baillieu.
During the past two years, the taskforce has overseen an audit and inspection of residential and public use buildings across Victoria to identify those with dangerous cladding. A physical inspection of 2227 residential and public buildings has been carried out, and approximately half of them (1069) have been found to have combustible cladding.
© Rebecca Leshinsky
As well as finding high-rise apartments with aluminium composite panel (ACP) cladding, the audit also found a disturbing number of lower-rise buildings (three to 10 storeys) using inappropriate expanded polystyrene (EPS) cladding. These buildings raise particular safety concerns, as many don't have sprinklers.
Now that a significant number of buildings with dangerous cladding have been identified and assessed, the next step is to ensure that the buildings can be rectified by removal of the cladding. However, it's clear that there are a number of challenges to achieving rectification:
- Owners' corporations face difficulty in making prompt decisions about rectification because of the need to get approval from multiple individual unit owners
- Owners' corporations often don't have the capacity and knowledge to manage complex building projects
- Many owners have limited ability to fund the rectification works.
As a result of these challenges, we concluded that further intervention by government was needed to bring about the prompt and consistent rectification of private residential buildings. Without this intervention, there's likely to be long delays, raising the risk of catastrophic incidents involving deaths or injuries in a cladding fire. A failure to act would also risk exacerbating the emotional and financial stress on apartment owners who are faced with the challenges of procuring technically complex building works and finding funds to pay for the rectification.
There are a number of other serious risks if government does not intervene to ensure timely cladding rectification:
In the absence of government intervention, widespread litigation against building practitioners is liable to lead to an increase in insurance premiums and withdrawal of professional indemnity insurance for building practitioners.
Litigation involving claims by owners' corporations and owners against builders with cross litigation against other building practitioners (building surveyors, fire engineers and architects) may result in significant delays to rectification and considerable costs for all involved.
Threat to the construction industry
Shared under the CC0 licence, from Max Pixel.
While government needs to intervene to support rectification, wrongdoers in the building industry should not be let off the hook. Members of the public who purchased residential buildings expected that they would be safe and comply with relevant building regulations.
However, in many cases builders and building practitioners have failed to take proper account of safety and the requirements of the building regulations. We have recommended that the Victorian government should seek to offset the cost of the rectification program from wrongdoers. Given the challenges that owners face in mounting litigation, we recommended that owners be required to transfer their legal recovery rights to the state, as a condition of receiving rectification funding. Government should investigate a range of legal options for recovery, including class actions.
There are good reasons for the Commonwealth government to contribute to the costs of rectification. The construction industry is national, and builders and building practitioners operate across state borders. The Commonwealth plays an important role in the system of building safety in Australia through the Australian Building Codes Board, building product certification and through its border controls.
The building cladding crisis is affecting all states, but state governments are taking different approaches to identifying and rectifying affected buildings. Despite the fact that the safety risks are well known, rectification has been slow around the country. It's likely that all states and the Commonwealth will now need to consider a greater level of government intervention to provide funding and coordinate rectification works. The public would expect that everything possible would be done to avoid catastrophic events such as the Grenfell Tower fire in the UK.
How to cite this blog post (Harvard style)
Thwaites, J. (2019). Cladding crisis: why government needs to intervene to fix the building industry. Available at: https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/housing-after-grenfell/blog/2019/07/cladding-crisis-why-government-needs-intervene-fix-building (Accessed [date]).