Christopher Hodges is Professor of Justice Systems, and head of the Swiss Re Research Programme on Civil Justice Systems, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford. He is a Supernumerary Fellow of Wolfson College Oxford.


BA (New College Oxford, 1976) MA 1980, PhD (King's College, London, 2004); Solicitor of the Supreme Court of England and Wales, 1979-2014; Freeman of the City of London, 1982; Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Hong Kong, 1984; Fellow of the Society of Advanced Legal Studies, 2000; Society of Legal Scholars, 2006

Academic Appointments

Erasmus Professor of the Fundamentals of Private Law, Erasmus University, Rotterdam 2011-2014; Honorary Professor, the China University for Political Science and Law, Beijing 2013-2016; Guest Professor, Wuhan University, Wuhan 2013-2016; Adviser, ELI (European Law Institute) and UNIDROIT (the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law) joint project “From Transnational Principles to European Rules of Civil Procedure” 2016-; Visiting Fellow, Australian National University, Canberra, 2014; Member of Advisory Board of the Research Centre for the Law and Policy of Global Consumer Protection, Wuhan University, China 2013-; Academic Advisory Panel of the Department of Trade & Industry on consumer law, 2001-; Expert Working Group of the European Commission on Directive 85/374 on product liability, 2004-; Visiting Lecturer, University of Surrey, MSc course in Pharmaceutical Medicine, Module on ‘Advanced Law and Ethics’, 1994-1997.

Professor Hodges is a member of the Board of The Foundation for Law, Justice, and Society (2015), and Member of the Examinations Board of the Society of Apothecaries of London (2012)

Previous Appointments

Chairman, Bampton Classical Opera, 2006-2013; Chairman, Pharmaceutical Services Negotiating Committee, 2007-2011; Chairman, Legal Committee, European Association of Medical Technology Manufacturers (EUCOMED), 1995-2008; Vice-Chairman, Association of British Healthcare Industries, 2003-2008 and Chair of its Legal Committee and Technical Policy Group, 2003-2008; Chair, Committee on Product Liability, Advertising, Unfair Competition and Consumer Affairs, International Bar Association, 1990s; Co-Chair, Working Groups on Regulation and on Communications (with Professor K Woods, CEO of MHRA) of the Department of Health’s Health Industries Task Force 2003-2007; Partner, CMS Cameron McKenna, 1990-2004; Vice-Chair, Research Ethics Committee, Harrow Health District, 1990s; Trustee and Director, The Sixteen, c1990-2006; Member of the Editorial Advisory Board, Consumer Law Journal, 1993-2000; member of the Board of the UK Research Integrity Office (2008-2018).



Displaying 1 - 80 of 80. Sorted by year, then title.
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  • C Hodges, 'Delivering Justice' (2019) 9(1) International Journal of Procedural Law 149
  • C Hodges, Consumer Alternative Dispute Resolution (Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council and the European Economic and Social Committee (2013/396/EU), COM(2018) 2018)
  • C Hodges, 'Delivering Data Protection: Trust and Ethical Culture' (2018) European Data Protection Law Review 65
  • C Hodges, 'The private sector ombudsman' in M Hertogh and R Kirkham (eds), The Research Handbook on Ombudsman (Edward Elgar 2018)
  • C Hodges and S Voet, 'Consumer Dispute Resolution Mechanisms: Effective Enforcement and Common Principles' in B Hess and X Kramer (eds), From Common Rules to Best Practices in European Civil Procedure (Nomos and Hart 2017)
  • C Hodges, 'Consumer Redress: Implementing the Vision' in P Cortés (ed), The New Regulatory Framework for Consumer Dispute Resolution (Oxford University Press 2017)
  • C Hodges and Ruth Steinholtz, Ethical Business Practice and Regulation: A Behavioural and Values-Based Approach to Compliance and Enforcement (Hart 2017)
  • Sonia Macleod and C Hodges, Redress Schemes for Personal Injuries (Hart 2017)
  • DR Hensler, C Hodges and I Tzankova (eds), Class Actions in Context: How Culture, Economics and Politics Shape Collective Litigation (Edward Elgar 2016)
  • N Creutzfeldt and C Hodges, 'Parallel Public and Private Responses: the Buncefield Explosion' in D Hensler, C Hodges and I Tzankova (eds), Class Actions in Context: How Economics, Politics and Culture Shape Collective Litigation (Edward Elgar 2016)
  • C Hodges, 'The Consumer as Regulator' in Dorota Leczykiewicz and Stephen Weatherill (eds), The Images of the Consumer in EU Law: Legislation, Free Movement and Competition Law (Oxford, Hart Publishing 2016)
  • C Hodges and N Creutzfeldt, 'Transformations in Public and Private Enforcement' in H-W Micklitz and A Wechsler (eds), The Transformation of Enforcement (Hart Publishing 2016)
  • C Hodges, 'US Class Actions: Promise and Reality' in H-W Micklitz and A Wechsler (eds), The Transformation of Enforcement (Hart Publishing 2016)
  • S Vogenauer and C Hodges (eds), Civil Justice Systems in Europe: Implications for Choice of Forum and Choice of Contract Law (Hart Publishing 2015) (forthcoming)
  • C Hodges and C Decker, Government-sponsored voluntary regulation ( 2015)
    Research report being published by the British Retail Consortium, forthcoming.
  • C Hodges, 'Verbraucher-Ombudsstellen: Besserere Regulierung und Beilegung von Streitigkeiten' (2015) Zeitschrift für das Privatrecht der Europäischen Union 263
  • C Hodges, 'Consumer ADR and Appeals' in A Uzelac and CH van Rhee (eds), Nobody’s Perfect. Essays on Appeals and Other Methods of Recourse against Judicial Decisions in Civil Matters (Intersentia 2014)
  • N Creutzfeldt and C Hodges, 'Consumer Dispute Resolution (CDR) in Europe' (2014) Nederlands-Vlaams Tijdschrift voor Mediation en Conflictmanagement (Dutch-Flemish Review for Mediation and Conflict Management) [Review]
  • C Hodges, 'Consumer Redress: Ideology and Empiricism' in K Purnhagen and P Rott (eds), Varieties of European Economic Law and Regulation (Springer 2014)
    Festschrift for Hans Micklitz
  • C Hodges, 'Delivering Redress through Alternative Dispute Resolution and regulation' in WH van Boom and G Wagner (eds), Mass Torts in Europe: Cases and Reflections (De Gruyter 2014)
  • C Hodges, 'Fast, Effective and Low Cost Redress: How do Public and Private Enforcement and ADR Compare?' in B Rodger (ed), Competition Law: Comparative Private Enforcement and Collective Redress Across the EU (WoltersKluwer 2014)
  • N Creutzfeldt and C Hodges, 'Parallel Tracks in Mass Litigation: Public and Private Responses to the Buncefield Explosion in England' in D Hensler, C Hodges and I Tzankova (eds), Class Actions in Context: How Economics, Politics and Culture Shape Collective Litigation (Edward Elgar 2014)
  • C Hodges, 'Unlocking Justice and Markets: The Promise of Consumer ADR' in J Zekoll, M Bälz and I Amelung (eds), Dispute Resolution: Alternatives to Formalization – Formalization of Alternatives? (Brill 2014)
  • C Hodges, 'Case C-168/05, Elisa María Mostraza Claro v. Centro Móvil Milenium SL; Case C-4 0/08, Asturcom Telecomunicationes SL v. Cristina Rodriguez Nogueira' (2013) Intersentia Landmark Cases of EU Consumer Law – In Honour of Jules Stuyck [Case Note]
  • C Hodges and A Stadler (eds), Resolving Mass Disputes. ADR and Settlement of Mass Claims (Edward Elgar 2013)
  • C Hodges and others, Consumer ADR in Europe (Hart Publishing 2012)
    ISBN: 9781849463485
  • C Hodges, 'Consumer ADR in Europe' (2012) Zeitschrift für Konfliktmanagement 6/2012, 195-197
  • C Hodges, 'New Modes of Redress for Consumers and Competition Law' (2012) 11/12 Revista de Concorrência e Regulação 227-250
  • C Hodges, 'New Modes of Redress for Consumers: ADR and Regulation' in S Camarra Lapuente (ed), La Revisión de las Normas Europeas y Nacionales de Proteccción de los Consumidores (CIVITAS and Thomson Reuters 2012)
  • C Hodges and R Money-Kyrle, 'Safeguards in Collective Action' (2012) 19.4 Maastricht Journal of International and Comparative Law, 477-504
  • C Hodges, 'The European Approach to Justice and Redress' (2011) Canadian Supreme Court Law Review 301
    ISBN: 0228-0108
  • C Hodges, 'A Market-Based Competition Enforcement Policy' (2011) 22 European Business Law Review 261
  • C Hodges, 'European Competition Enforcement Policy: Integrating Restitution and Behaviour Control' (2011) 34(3) World Competition 383
    ISBN: 1011-4548
  • C Hodges, 'Objectives, Mechanisms and Policy Choices in Collective Enforcement and Redress' in J Steele and W van Boom (eds), Mass Justice (Edward Elgar 2011)
  • C Hodges, 'Public and Private Enforcement: The Practical Implications for Policy Architecture' in R Brownsword, H Micklitz, L Niglia and S Weatherill (eds), The Foundations of European Private Law (Hart Publishing 2011)
  • C Hodges, 'The Regulation of Medicines and Medical Devices ' in Andrew Grubb, Judith Laing, Jean McHale and Ian Kennedy (eds), Principles of Medical Law (Oxford University Press 2011)
    ISBN: 9780199544400
  • C Hodges (ed), The Costs and Funding of Civil Litigation: A Comparative Approach (Hart Publishing 2010)
    ISBN: 9781849461023
  • C Hodges, 'Collective Actions' in P Cane and H Kritzer (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research (Oxford University Press 2010)
  • C Hodges, 'Collective Redress in Europe: The New Model' (2010) 7 Civil Justice Quarterly 370
  • C Hodges, 'Legal and ethical issues concerning pharmaceutical products' in Griffin, O'Grady and Wells (eds), The Textbook of Pharmaceutical Medicine (Wiley Blackwell 2010)
  • C Hodges, 'The Regulation of Medicinal Products and Medical Devices' in A Grubb, J Laing and J McHale (eds), The Textbook of Medical Law (Oxford University Press 2010)
  • C Hodges, 'Ensuring a High Level of Business Conduct in the EU' (2009) Regulatory Affairs Journal Devices 17:1, 13-16
  • C Hodges, 'From Class Actions to Collective Redress ' (2009) 28 Civil Justice Quarterly 41
  • Deborah Hensler and C Hodges, 'The Globalisation of Class Actions ' (2009) 66 Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
  • C Hodges, 'United Kingdom' in F Cafaggi and H-W Micklitz (eds), New Frontiers of Consumer Protection. The Interplay between Private and Public Enforcement (intersentia 2009)
  • D Hensler and C Hodges, 'What are people trying to do in resolving mass issues, how is it going, and where are we headed?' (2009) Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol 66, 330
  • C Hodges, The Reform of Class and Representative Actions in European Legal Systems: A New Framework for Collective Redress in Europe (Hart Publishing 2008)
    ISBN: 078-1-84113-902-9
  • C Hodges, 'Group Actions' (2008) The New Oxford Companion to Law
  • C Hodges, 'Product Safety' (2008) The New Oxford Companion to Law
  • C Hodges, 'Regulating Risk or Advancing Therapies? Regulation and sustainability of medicines in a cash-limited economy' (2008) European Business Law Review 389
  • C Hodges, 'Encouraging Enterprise and Rebalancing Risk: Implications of Economic Policy for Regulation, Enforcement and Compensation' (2007) European Business Law Review 1231
  • C Hodges, 'Competition enforcement, regulation and civil justice: what is the case?' (2006) CMLR 43: 1-27
  • C Hodges, 'Europeanisation of civil justice: trends and issues' (2006) 1 Civil Justice Quarterly 96-123
  • C Hodges, 'Product Liability: Suppliers, Limitation and Mistake' (2006) 122 LQR 39 - 398 [Case Note]
  • C Hodges, 'Nordic Compensation Schemes for Drug Injuries' (2006) Journal of Consumer Policy
    This is due out any day and has it's been proof-read some weeks ago - possibly the June edition, although might just be September.Does this count?There are various other articles, but this is the most prestigious.
  • C Hodges, 'Approaches to Product Liability in the EU and Member States' in D Fairgrieve (ed), Product Liability in Comparative Perspective (Cambridge UP 2005)
  • C Hodges, European Regulation of Consumer Product Safety (Oxford 2005)
    Reviewed vary favourably by Geraint Howells in European Public Law.
  • C Hodges, 'Do we need a European Medical Devices Agency?' (2004) Medical Law Review, 12: 268-284
  • C Hodges, 'The Regulation of Medicines and Medical Devices' in I Kennedy and A Grubb (eds), Principles of Medical Law (2nd ed.) (OUP 2004)
  • C Hodges, 'Directive 1999/44/EC on Sale of Consumer Goods and Consumer Guarantees' in M Kurer and others (eds), Warranties and Disclaimers: Limitation of Liability in Consumer-Related Transactions (Kluwer and International Bar Association 2002)
  • C Hodges, 'Product Liability of Suppliers: the Notification Trap' (2002) European Law Review Issue 6, 758-764
  • C Hodges, 'Compensating Patients' (2001) 117 LQR 528-532 [Case Note]
  • C Hodges, 'Multi-Party Actions: A European Approach' (2001) Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law, Vol 11, 321-354
  • C Hodges, Multi-Party Actions (Oxford 2001)
    This is the textbook on the English Group Litigation Order procedure.It was reviewed in Cambridge LJ very favourably, inc as 'a minor miracle'!
  • C Hodges, 'The Reuse of Medical Devices' (2000) Medical Law Review, 8, 157-181
  • C Hodges, 'European Regulation of Medical Devices' in J O'Grady, I Dodds-Smith, N Walsh and M Spencer (eds), Medicines, Medical Devices and the Law (Greenwich Medical Media Limited 1999)
    Reprinted in J Griffin and J O'Grady, The Regulation of Medical Products (BMJ, 2003); then revised version in The Textbook of Pharmaceutical Medicine, ed. Griffin and O'Grady, (BMJ Books and Blackwell Publishing, 5ed, 2006)
  • C Hodges, 'Factors Influencing the Incidence of Multiple Claims' (1999) J Personal Injury Litigation 289-315
  • C Hodges, 'Development Risks: Unanswered Questions' (1998) MLR 560-570
  • C Hodges, M.L. Tyler and H. Abbott, Product Safety (Sweet & Maxwell 1995)
  • C Hodges, 'Product Safety Regulation' in Mildred (ed), Product Liability Law and Insurance (Lloyd's of London Press, 1994 and subsequent editions 1994)
  • C Hodges, 'The Consumer Protection Act 1987' in Mildred (ed), Product Liability Law and Insurance (Lloyd's of London Press, 1994 and subsequent editions 1994)
  • C Hodges, 'Investigating, reporting and pursuing fraud in clinical research: legal aspects and options' in Wells & Lock (ed), Fraud in clinical research (British Medical Journal, 1st ed; 2nd ed, 1995 1993)
  • C Hodges (ed), Product Liability: European Laws and Practice (Sweet & Maxwell 1993)
  • C Hodges, 'Harmonisation of European Controls over Research: Ethics Committees, Consent, Compensation and Indemnity' in (ed), Pharmaceutical Medicine and the Law (Royal College of Physicians of London and The Faculty of Pharmaceutical Medicine of the Royal Colleges of Physicians of the UK 1991)


Research projects

Research Interests

Civil Justice Systems: procedural and funding systems; Multi-Party Actions (class actions and representative/collective actions); EU Regulation of Products; Healthcare law; Product liability; Consumer law

Research projects