The project on comparative study of legal cultures examines how people in various historical and cultural contexts construct the meaning of law and how they use it in everyday life.

Marina Kurkchian’s research on legal culture in England, Poland, Bulgaria, and Ukraine has been conducted by means of ethnographic observations of cases in civil courts, focus group discussions with lay people, and in-depth interviews with legal professionals.

At present the focus of her research is Russia. Exploring the interplay of the institutions of law with everyday practices and legal consciousness within distinct periods of Russian history, her task is to grasp the continuities as well as the interruptions that would deepen our understanding of the Russian sociolegal tradition and ground her ongoing study of contemporary Russian legal culture.


  • M Kurkchiyan, 'Civil Courts in Ukraine: a Window into Society ' (2013) Journal of Law and Society (forthcoming)
    ISBN: 1467-6478
  • M Kurkchiyan and Marc Hertogh, '“Towards a European Rule of Law? A Comparative Study of Collective Legal Consciousness in the UK, Poland and Bulgaria”' (2016) 12 International Journal of Law in Context
  • M Kurkchiyan and Agnieszka Kubal (eds), Sociology of Justice in Russia (Cambridge University Press 2017)