Sandy Steel is Lee Shau Kee's Sir Man Kam Lo Fellow in Law at Wadham College and Associate Professor of Law in the Faculty of Law at Oxford. He read law (BA, PhD) at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. From 2010-2014 he was a Lecturer in Law at King’s College London.

He is interested in the English, French, and German law of obligations and in philosophical questions about that area of law. He has written mainly about torts. He also maintains an interest in general jurisprudence and has co-authored (with Nick McBride) a critical guide to the subject: Great Debates in Jurisprudence (Palgrave, 2014, 2nd edn 2018). 

In 2016, he was awarded the Modern Law Review's Wedderburn Prize for his article 'Justifying Exceptions to Proof of Causation in Tort Law' and won joint second prize in the Society of Legal Scholars Peter Birks Prize for Outstanding Legal Scholarship for his book, Proof of Causation in Tort Law (CUP, 2015, paperback edn 2017). His work has been cited by the UK Supreme Court and the High Court of Australia. 

He is currently working on these topics, among others: (i) the role of counterfactuals in determining whether a person has suffered a loss, and the concept of loss more generally; (ii) self-defence and associated doctrines in English and French tort law; (iii) omissions liability; (iv) the role of "non-relational" considerations in the justification of private law rules.





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  • S Steel, 'Rationalising Omissions Liability in Negligence' (2019) Law Quarterly Review
  • T Khaitan and S Steel, 'Wrongs, Group Disadvantage, and the Legitimacy of Indirect Discrimination Law' in H Collins and T Khaitan (eds), Foundations of Indirect Discrimination Law (Hart Publishing 2018)
  • S Steel, 'The Locality Principle in Private Nuisance' (2017) 76 Cambridge Law Journal 145
  • J Stapleton and S Steel, 'Causes and Contributions' (2016) 132 LQR 363 [Case Note]
  • S Tofaris and S Steel, 'Negligence Liability for Omissions and the Police' (2016) 75 Cambridge Law Journal 128
  • S Steel, 'Saving Private Wrongs' (2016) 14 Jerusalem Review of Legal Studies 1
  • S Steel, 'On when Fairchild applies' (2015) 131 LQR 363 [Case Note]
  • S Steel and M Lunney, 'Capacity' in K Oliphant (ed), The Law of Torts (Lexis Nexis 2014)
  • S Steel, 'Causation and Scope of Responsibility in Negligence' in K Oliphant (ed), The Law of Torts (Lexis Nexis 2014)
  • S Steel, 'Causation in Tort and Crime: Unity or Divergence?' in MN Dyson (ed), Unravelling Tort and Crime (CUP 2014)
  • S Steel, 'Defining Causal Counterfactuals in Negligence' (2014) 130 LQR 564 [Case Note]
  • K Oliphant, V Harpwood and S Steel, 'Joint and Several Liability' in K Oliphant (ed), The Law of Torts (Lexis Nexis 2014)
  • S Steel, 'Malicious Prosecution' in K Oliphant (ed), The Law of Torts (Lexis Nexis 2014)
  • S Steel, 'Review of D Nolan & A Robertson (eds) "Rights and Private Law" ' (2014) 73 CLJ 466 [Review]
  • S Steel, 'Review of R Keown & R George (eds) "Reason, Morality and Law" ' (2014) 130 LQR 348 [Review]
  • S Steel, 'Private Law and Justice' (2013) 33 OJLS 607
  • S Steel, 'Rationalising Loss of Chance in Tort' in S Pitel, J Neyers, E Chamberlain (ed), Challenging Orthodoxy in Tort Law (Hart 2013)
  • S Steel, 'Causation in English Tort Law: Still Wrong After All These Years' (2012) 31 University of Queensland Law Journal 243
  • S Steel, 'Review of R Goldberg (ed), "Perspectives on Causation" ' (2012) 16 Edinburgh Law Review 458 [Review]
  • S Steel, 'Review of RM Dworkin, "Justice for Hedgehogs"' (2012) 128 LQR 167 [Review]
  • NJ McBride and S Steel, 'The Trigger Litigation' (2012) 28 Professional Negligence 285 [Case Note]
  • NJ McBride and S Steel, 'Why Wright is Wrong: Suing for the Loss of the Right to Sue' (2012) 28 Professional Negligence 27
  • S Steel, 'Exceptional Doctrines of Natural Causation: Sienkiewicz v Greif ' (2011) 2 Journal of European Tort Law 294
  • S Steel, 'False Imprisonment and the Fetch of Hypothetical Warrant' (2011) 127 LQR 527 [Case Note]
  • S Steel and DJ Ibbetson, 'More Grief on Uncertain Causation in Tort' (2011) 70 CLJ 451
  • S Steel, 'Review of Michael Moore, "Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals and Metaphysics"' (2010) 126 LQR 479 [Review]
  • S Steel, 'Uncertainty over Causal Uncertainty' (2010) 73 MLR 646 [Case Note]

Research programmes

Research Interests

Tort, Contract, Private Law Theory, Comparative Law.

Options taught

Contract, Jurisprudence, Tort, Roman Law (Delict - FHS), Commercial Remedies, Philosophical Foundations of the Common Law

Research projects