Bachelor of Civil Law (BCL)


The BCL is our world-renowned taught graduate course in law, designed to serve outstanding law students from common law backgrounds. As a masters level degree, its academic standard is significantly higher than that required in a first law degree, such as a BA, LLB, or JD, and only those with outstanding first law degrees are admitted. Courses are not introductory, and students are expected to analyse complex material critically and to make their own contribution to the debate.

The BCL aims to bring students into advanced intellectual engagement with some of the most difficult issues in law and legal theory, an engagement distinguished by rigour, depth and conceptual sophistication requiring immersion in law as an academic discipline as well as informed openness to neighbouring disciplines. The BCL raises students to the highest level of professionalism in analysis and argument, equipping them intellectually for legal practice or work as a legal academic at the highest level, as well as for a wide range of other intellectually demanding roles. The course offers a learning experience characterised by a demanding schedule of independent study, highly participative round-table seminars, and a complementary diet of close individual or small-group contact with tutors.

Outside of the seminars and tutorials, you will be expected to read extensively in order to acquire the necessary knowledge to engage with course material at an appropriate level. 

BCL/MJur Handbook 2023-24
BCL/MJur Profile Book 2023-24

Course in brief

Course length
10 months

There are no compulsory courses on the BCL; instead, students choose from a combination of full and half-options, choosing either four full options, or three full options and two half-options, or two full options and four half-options. The list of full options usually numbers around 35, and there are usually around 10 half-options. In place of one of the four taught options, students may choose to write a dissertation of 10,000 to 12,500 words on a topic of their choosing (subject to Faculty approval). All options are taught by a combination of lectures and/or seminars and tutorials, apart from the dissertation option, which involves one-to-one sessions with an assigned supervisor. Each student is allocated an academic advisor who will serve as a general source of advice on academic matters.

Seminars are normally led by a senior member of academic staff but are typically interactive in nature, and you will be expected to participate in the discussions arising from the material covered. Tutorials involve an intensive discussion between a tutor and (typically) two to four students, providing an opportunity for you to present your ideas and discuss your work with leading academics. Typically, seminars will introduce you to a particular area of study and familiarise you with general concepts and ideas which will then be investigated in greater depth in the tutorials. For most tutorials you will be expected to write an essay, which typically will be marked and returned to you at the next tutorial.


By studying the course, you will obtain a thorough knowledge and deep understanding of four new legal or legally-related subjects – these being subjects which, at undergraduate level were either not studied at all, or were only studied in a more elementary way. You will develop an understanding of neighbouring academic disciplines sufficient for a mature appreciation of the place of law in the world and mature and critical attitude towards law. A knowledge will also be acquired of the values and techniques of advanced legal scholarship and/or the advanced interdisciplinary study of law.

The Oxford BCL has been a pivotal feature of Oxford's law provision since the sixteenth century. This rich history has helped to maintain its status as the most highly regarded taught masters-level qualification in the common law world.

Associate Dean for Graduate Studies (Taught Courses)

The BCL shares most of its course content with the Magister Juris, which is an equivalent course for students from a civil law background. For the most part, BCL and MJur students study the same options in the same classes, thereby producing a diverse mix of students who can contribute a wide variety of different perspectives to seminar and tutorial discussion.

Discover more...

Look at the range of options available on the BCL

The BCL was an extremely intense, but at the same time, extremely rewarding experience. It was for me a period of immense intellectual growth. It was great being able to have seminars and tutorials with some of the best minds in the field, and to discuss and debate contentious points with my course mates. It was an eye-opening experience like no other I’ve had. I highly recommend it!
BCL 2016

Student experience


The induction programme is usually held in the two weeks preceding Michaelmas term and comprises Bodleian Law library and IT induction sessions, academic primer classes as well as social events.  


The Faculty of Law is located in the St Cross Building, where the majority of teaching takes place. The St Cross Building is also the home of the Bodleian Law Library, which has 40 networked computers, giving access to all the online resources within the Library and University.  There is a Graduate Reading Room, a large seminar room, two IT rooms, and three small ‘discussion rooms’ for private study or group work.

Pastoral and Welfare Support

In addition to the pastoral support provided by college advisors, the Faculty seeks to support students by various means. Each programme has dedicated administrative support and the administrators in question will be able to help and advise students on a range of matters relating to their studies, or point them towards dedicated sources of support elsewhere in the University. Academic Advisors and the Programme Director, Professor Dorota Leczykiewicz, can also serve as a source of support.

Apart from these more general roles, the Faculty also offers support in certain specific areas (for example, Disability Contacts and Harassment Advisors).

The BCL presents a unique opportunity, and I would recommend it wholeheartedly. As a Masters program, it changed the way I think about Law and transformed my approach to our discipline. The chance to delve into areas of law in such detail, lead at the helm by world-leading academics, and discuss those professors' latest thoughts on a topic, was fantastic. The tutorial system gave students the opportunity to present their own ideas to a group, defend them and revise them, and receive thoughtful and critical feedback, and my writing capabilities increased dramatically as a result. The courses I took on the BCL also inspired me to apply to a research degree at Oxford and has served as an excellent foundation for my future academic career, as an internationally respected postgraduate program.

But life in Oxford is much more than just study. Via the BCL, I met a group of exceptional young scholars from around the world, with whom I have created lasting friendships, and all of whom share my passion for the study of Law which was a new experience for me. I was also a member of a college, through which I was able to participate in the novel social life of Oxford, filled with formal dinners in gowns, traditions old and new, and a whole host of other activities like rowing, music and student societies.
BCL 2015


Statistic, each year 551 applications are received for 90 places

For information about all aspects of the admissions procedure, including entry requirements, please click on the link below. You will be required to supply supporting documents with your application, including references, written work and an official transcript, which will be used to assess your suitability for the course.


Partnering with an MBA

Have you considered partnering the BCL/MJur/MLF with an MBA? 

The Oxford 1+1 MBA is a unique two-year experience, allowing talented individuals to combine a Master's with the one-year Oxford MBA. More information.

Why not an LLM? 

The BCL and MJur are the only taught graduate courses in the world which make use of tutorials as a central part of their teaching (as well as the seminars and lectures more generally used on LLM and other masters courses). 

The tutorial is an intensive discussion between a tutor and typically two to four students, providing an opportunity for students to present their ideas and discuss their work with leading academics.  

It is this level of access to some of the best known teachers and researchers across a wide range of legal subjects which perhaps more than anything distinguishes the BCL and MJur from their LLM counterparts, though the intellectual rigour of both courses, and the cosmopolitan mix of students are also important factors in the success and reputation of the two courses.

The Oxford BCL was an experience that was academically challenging but very rewarding. It provided an unrivalled opportunity to study, in great depth, contentious legal issues across various areas of law through predominantly robust discussion with fellow course mates and professors in intimate tutorial and seminar environments. In addition to academic study, the BCL experience fostered networks and lifelong friendships, which was complemented by the unique student life at the University of Oxford, marked by dinners (in gowns) and opportunities to participate in a plethora of extracurricular activities such as sports, talks and debates, music and much more.
BCL 2018