The Bonavero Institute of Human Rights will be hosting the launch of Dr Alan Greene's Permanent States of Emergency and the Rule of Law: Constitutions in an Age of Crisis (Hart: 2018).

Permanent States of Emergency and the Rule of Law explores the impact that oxymoronic 'permanent' states of emergency have on the validity and effectiveness of constitutional norms and, ultimately, constituent power. It challenges the idea that many constitutional orders are facing permanent states of emergency due to the 'objective nature' of threats facing modern states today, arguing instead that the nature of a threat depends upon the subjective assessment of the decision-maker. In light of this, it further argues that robust judicial scrutiny and review of these decisions is required to ensure that the temporariness of the emergency is a legal question and that the validity of constitutional norms is not undermined by their perpetual suspension. It does this by way of a narrower conception of the rule of law than standard accounts in favour of judicial review of emergency powers in the literature, which tend to be based on the normative value of human rights. In so doing it seeks to refute the fundamental constitutional challenge posed by Carl Schmitt: that all state power cannot be constrained by law. 

Dr Alan Greene holds BCL LLM and PhD degrees from UCD School of Law. His PhD, awarded in 2014, explored the impact that permanent states of emergencies can have on the constituent power and constitutional order of a state and what controls are necessary on the decision to declare a state of emergency. He has developed these ideas in Permanent States of Emergency and the Rule of Law: Constitutions in an Age of Crisis. His concurrent research builds upon some of the themes explored in his PhD, examining economic states of emergency and counter-terrorism. He is particularly interested in the idea of permanent emergencies and how law can confront or accommodate these ‘new’ realities.

Greene will be joined by Fergal Davies (King's College London), Conor Gearty (LSE), and Fiona De Londras (University of Birmingham) to discuss the book. 

A light sandwich lunch will be provided

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