What is the constitutional significance of being a Member State? This article maintains that constitutional transformation is an inherent feature of EU membership and that this is one of the most fundamental reasons why the EU is a genuine constitutional order. The constitutionally transformative effects, however, are not imposed on the Member States but should rather be understood as an integral part of domestic projects of constitution making and state-building. That said, the constitutional transformation inherent in membership has not been a uniform process. The EU Member States are characterised by different varieties of constitutionalism and for that reason their constitutional relationships to European integration vary significantly. To understand the constitutional significance of (no longer) being a Member State, this article aims to provide an account of the various ways in which EU membership has transformed its Member States constitutionally.
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