The interpretation by the International Criminal Court of the provisions of its Statute on personal immunities has been much criticised and is of course the subject of political controversy, in particular within the African Union and some of its members. That controversy has recently catalysed the withdrawal from the ICC by certain States, including South Africa.  Is there a way out of this impasse?  What does the controversy portend for the international criminal justice project? Are there any positive lessons to be drawn?