Protecting the author is one of the basic goals of copyright . However, in many cases, such a protection reflects more on the benefit of the industries that control the production of copyrighted material. Within the discourse of copyright and human rights, it is often forgotten that protecting the author as a human being is not necessarily the same as protecting other owner's interests. What tools are available in comparative law for the protection of author’s moral and material interests? Furthermore, are those interests worth protecting in a wider perspective than a mere economic approach? A Latin American perpective is offered for these questions.