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Biography

Danilo is a DPhil in Law candidate researching the effectiveness of Multilateral Development Banks' compliance mechanisms in giving individuals and communities access to effective non-judicial remedy. His current research focuses on reviewing the World Bank's IFC Compliance Advisory Ombudsman (CAO), using the United Nations Guiding Principles (UNGPs) as a benchmark . Prior to joining Oxford, he acted on behalf of victims of business-related environmental and human rights abuses in transnational civil liability litigation before UK and EU courts; coordinated the Judges & Prosecutors segment of the 8th World Water Forum; and clerked for Justice Antonio Herman Benjamin at Brazil's Superior Electoral Tribunal (TSE).

At Oxford, Danilo has acted as Research Officer at the Blavatnik School of Government (Global Economic Governance programme), Research Assistant at the Bonavero Institute of Human Rights (working primarily on the Bonavero Reports Series), and Assistant Convener of OxBHR (Oxford Business & Human Rights Network). Danilo is also member of the IUCN's World Commission on Environmental Law (Climate Change specialists and Early Career groups) and of the Global Business & Human Rights Scholars Association, as well as a reporter for OUP's Oxford Reports on International Law in Domestic Courts. His interests include Business & Human Rights, Global Governance, International Environmental Law, and Public International Law, and he has co-submitted evidence to the UK Parliament on those topics.

Danilo holds an LL.M. in International Law from the University of Cambridge (First Class, Hugh Bevan Award), where he edited the Cambridge International Law Journal, and an LL.B. from the University of Brasília, Brazil, where he has also been admitted to the Bar (OAB). He speaks English, Portuguese and Spanish, and has working knowledge of German and French.

In his free time, Danilo enjoys making music, tweeting, using the Oxford comma, and writing in the third person.

 

 

Publications

Recent additions

  • E. Jones, B. Kira, D. B. Garrido Alves and A. Sands, 'The UK and digital trade: Which way forward?' (2021) Blavatnik School of Government Working Papers
    The internet and digital technologies are upending global trade. Industries and supply chains are being transformed, and the movement of data across borders is now central to the operation of the global economy. Provisions in trade agreements address many aspects of the digital economy – from cross-border data flows, to the protection of citizens’ personal data, and the regulation of the internet and new technologies like artificial intelligence and algorithmic decision-making. The UK government has identified digital trade as a priority in its Global Britain strategy and one of the main sources of economic growth to recover from the pandemic. It wants the UK to play a leading role in setting the international standards and regulations that govern the global digital economy. The regulation of digital trade is a fast-evolving and contentious issue, and the US, European Union (EU), and China have adopted different approaches. Now that the UK has left the EU, it will need to navigate across multiple and often conflicting digital realms. The UK needs to decide which policy objectives it will prioritise, how to regulate the digital economy domestically, and how best to achieve its priorities when negotiating international trade agreements. There is an urgent need to develop a robust, evidence-based approach to the UK’s digital trade strategy that takes into account the perspectives of businesses, workers, and citizens, as well as the approaches of other countries in the global economy. This working paper aims to inform UK policy debates by assessing the state of play in digital trade globally. The authors present a detailed analysis of five policy areas that are central to discussions on digital trade for the UK: cross-border data flows and privacy; internet access and content regulation; intellectual property and innovation; e-commerce (including trade facilitation and consumer protection); and taxation (customs duties on e-commerce and digital services taxes). In each of these areas the authors compare and contrast the approaches taken by the US, EU and China, discuss the public policy implications, and examine the choices facing the UK.

Case Note (1)

Other (3)

E. Jones, B. Kira, D. B. Garrido Alves and A. Sands, 'The UK and digital trade: Which way forward?' (2021) Blavatnik School of Government Working Papers
The internet and digital technologies are upending global trade. Industries and supply chains are being transformed, and the movement of data across borders is now central to the operation of the global economy. Provisions in trade agreements address many aspects of the digital economy – from cross-border data flows, to the protection of citizens’ personal data, and the regulation of the internet and new technologies like artificial intelligence and algorithmic decision-making. The UK government has identified digital trade as a priority in its Global Britain strategy and one of the main sources of economic growth to recover from the pandemic. It wants the UK to play a leading role in setting the international standards and regulations that govern the global digital economy. The regulation of digital trade is a fast-evolving and contentious issue, and the US, European Union (EU), and China have adopted different approaches. Now that the UK has left the EU, it will need to navigate across multiple and often conflicting digital realms. The UK needs to decide which policy objectives it will prioritise, how to regulate the digital economy domestically, and how best to achieve its priorities when negotiating international trade agreements. There is an urgent need to develop a robust, evidence-based approach to the UK’s digital trade strategy that takes into account the perspectives of businesses, workers, and citizens, as well as the approaches of other countries in the global economy. This working paper aims to inform UK policy debates by assessing the state of play in digital trade globally. The authors present a detailed analysis of five policy areas that are central to discussions on digital trade for the UK: cross-border data flows and privacy; internet access and content regulation; intellectual property and innovation; e-commerce (including trade facilitation and consumer protection); and taxation (customs duties on e-commerce and digital services taxes). In each of these areas the authors compare and contrast the approaches taken by the US, EU and China, discuss the public policy implications, and examine the choices facing the UK.
D. B. Garrido Alves, 'Law-Making, Civil Society and the Treaty on Business & Human Rights: strategies for effectiveness' (2019) University of Cambridge
This thesis dissects the Zero Draft of the Treaty on Business & Human Rights, encompassing both its legal and political controversies. By assessing previous experiences of politically controverted negotiations that resulted on protective treaties (namely, the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and the Ottawa Treaty on Anti-Personnel Landmines), it argues that the engagement of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) is essential for a progressive and broadly ratified treaty to be achieved. Building upon Putnam's Two-Level Games theory, it then argues that the political feasibility of the Treaty can be directly impacted through coordinated CSO strategies. A key challenge that CSOs must address is the corporate capture of the treaty-making process, especially through the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) and the European Union. By employing the framing methodology, this work analyses the rhetorical strategies used by those actors to limit political engagement. It then compares this framing to corporate strategies employed in other treaty negotiations, and proposes a counter-framing (to be adopted by CSOs and engaged States) to combat corporate capture. This thesis ultimately sustains that there is both the need and realistic hope for the Treaty, especially if CSOs effectively reframe and push the narrative that (i) the Treaty and the UN Guiding Principles complement one another; (ii) EU countries are actively favouring corporate interest over human rights; and (iii) the Treaty must be more ambitious so as to include, among others, mandatory human rights due diligence and direct obligations upon parent companies.

Edited Book (2)

D. B. Garrido Alves, J. P. de Oliveira Nizato, N. Bormann Mesquita and M. P. Ribeiro Marques (eds), Local challenges, global responsibilities: individuals as the foundation of sustainable solutions. Preface by Antonio Augusto Cançado Trindade. (PoloBooks 2016)
Abduction of women by terrorist groups, environmental degradation, modern slavery, financial crisis, the lasting stigma of the HIV / AIDS: in just 15 years, the XXI century presented dilemmas that prove that countries can not afford to tackle transnational challenges autonomously anymore. In this sense, regional and global cooperation have their importance taken to new levels; these challenges that, a priori, would be restricted to a particular area of the globe have ever‐high chances of spilling over to neighbouring areas. Local challenges are no longer local ‐ they are regional preoccupations, global responsibilities. How to deal with the influx of refugees, that flee terrorist groups like ISIS towards Europe? How to ensure that the tensions in the South China Sea do not escalate to the point of a multinational armed conflict? What can we learn from the past, particularly with regard to judicial repression of ideologies such as Nazism? These and other questions are at the center of the eight chapters of the book "Local challenges, global responsibilities".
ISBN: 978-85-5522-097-5

Chapter (2)

C. Kypraios and D. B. Garrido Alves, 'Italy' in C. Kypraios and D.B. Garrido Alves (eds), A Human Rights and Rule of Law Assessment of Legislative and Regulatory Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic across 27 Jurisdictions (Bonavero Institute of Human Rights, University of Oxford 2020)
D. B. Garrido Alves, L. T. de Melo, B. Soares Souza and C. Bonfato Borges, 'Implementing the obligation to prosecute or extradite: the case Belgium vs. Senegal' in B. Teixeira Vilarinhos, L. Raymundo Tavares, M. Nascimento Costa Carvalho (ed), The Role of Institutions: Devising Mechanisms for an Inclusive World (ArtLetras 2013)
ISBN: 978-85-61326-40-1

Journal Article (2)

D. B. Garrido Alves, 'Applying the concept of decent work to Cambodia ́s textile industry: the ILO ́s role in ensuring state compliance to International Law' (2016) Revista dos Estudantes de Direito da UnB (REDUnB) 175
The objective of this paper is to give an overview on the situation of workers in the textile industry of Cambodia. These persons, young girls and women in their majority, deal not only with very low salaries and extremely demanding journeys, but also sexual harassment, unlawful firings of pregnant women, forced overtime and unattainable production targets, among others. What can be done by the international community (encompassing States, International Organizations, NGOs and multinationals alike) to tackle these issues, and to ensure that the decent work standards put forth by the International Labor Organization are respected in Cambodia’s garment factories? The answer to this question is multifaceted, but certainly involves cooperation between different actors – and, most importantly, actual interest in improving the working conditions of these women, something that has arguably been lacking from the analyzed actor’s side.
ISBN: 1981-9684

Centres

Research Interests

Public International Law, Business & Human Rights, Global Governance, International Environmental Law.

Research projects