Hindpal Singh Bhui

Visiting Professor

Other affiliations

Border Criminologies


Hindpal is an Inspection Team Leader at HM Inspectorate of Prisons (HMIP). He leads inspections of prisons and other forms of custody in England and Wales, and heads inspection of the immigration detention estate in the UK. Hindpal has advised and trained prison staff and monitors in various countries in Europe, the Middle East, Far East and Africa. He has given evidence to numerous parliamentary committees and public inquiries, and is a regular invited speaker at UK and international conferences, mainly on the topics of furthering practical human rights reforms in places of custody, race and criminal justice, and immigration detention. He is an expert inspector for the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT), part of the Council of Europe.  

In recent years, he has researched detention practices in Turkey, Greece, Italy and Hungary with Oxford colleagues. He has developed partnerships with National Preventive Mechanisms across Europe, sharing operational experience and learning though professional exchange. He has led various thematic reviews on custody in England and Wales, including on foreign prisoners, the experiences of Muslim prisoners, minority ethnic prisoners experiences of rehabilitative work, and immigration detention. He chairs HMIP’s policy forum on prisoner rehabilitation and release planning.

Hindpal was formerly a probation officer in London, working in the community and prison, and won national awards for his practice in both contexts. He has also been a criminal justice lecturer and edited the Probation Journal for ten years. He has published more than 30 peer-reviewed articles, book chapters and reports on prisons, probation, foreign prisoners and immigration detention and an edited book on Race and Criminal Justice (Sage). He has also published dozens of editorials and book reviews and is currently writing a book on the purposes of imprisonment. He has BA in Politics, an MSc in Criminology, an MA and Diploma in Social Work, and a PhD in Applied Social Science.  His PhD research focused on issues of legitimacy and coherence in the management of foreign prisoners and immigration detainees.


Main publications

Bhui, H.S. and Bosworth, M. (2020) ‘Human rights protections and monitoring immigration detention at Europe’s Borders.’ European Human Rights Law Review 6: 640-654.

Bhui, H.S., Bosworth, M., Fili, A and Morris, G. (2019) Monitoring Immigration Detention at the Borders of Europe. Report on Turkey and Greece, 2018. https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/sites/files/oxlaw/monitoring_immigration_detention_at_the_borders_of_europe_compressed.pdf

Bhui, H.S., Bosworth, M. and Fili, A. (2018) Monitoring Immigration Detention at the Borders of Europe. Research report on a pilot project in Greece, Hungary, Turkey and Italy, 2016-2017. https://www.law.ox.ac.uk/sites/files/oxlaw/project_report_final_copy.pdf

Bhui, H.S. (2018) ‘Understanding Muslim prisoners though a global lens’, in A. Parmar, M. Bosworth and Y. Vasquez (eds), Race, Criminal Justice and Migration.

Bhui, H.S. (2017) ‘Inspecting Immigration Detention: Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Prisons’. In M.J. Flynn and M.B. Flynn (eds), Challenging Immigration Detention: Academics, Activists, and Policy-makers. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Bhui, H.S. (2017) Supporting human‐rights based prison monitoring in Bahrain. Text of public lecture delivered at the University of Oxford Centre for Criminology, 29 June 2017. Available at: https://www.justiceinspectorates.gov.uk/hmiprisons/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/2018/01/Bahrain-talk-for-website-final.pdf

Bhui, H.S. (2016) 'The place of "race" in understanding immigration control and the detention of foreign nationals', in Criminology and Criminal Justice 16 (3): 267-285.

Bhui, H.S. (2016) Can Inspection Produce Meaningful Change in Immigration Detention? Global Detention Project Working Paper No. 12. (https://www.globaldetentionproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/bhui_gdp_working_paper_may_2016.pdf)

Bhui, H. S. (2013) ‘The changing approach to child detention and its implications for immigration detention in the UK’, in Prison Service Journal 205: 23-28.

Bhui, H.S. (2013) ‘Humanising immigration control and detention’, in K.F. Aas and M. Bosworth, Borders of Punishment: Migration, Citizenship, and Social Exclusion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bhui, H.S. (ed) (2009) Race and Criminal Justice. London: Sage.

Bhui, H.S. (2009) ‘Prisons and race equality’, in H.S. Bhui (ed) Race and Criminal Justice. London: Sage Publishers.  

Bhui, H.S. (2009) ‘Foreign national prisoners: diversity, disadvantage and public censure’, in Contemporary Issues in Law 9 (2), 2008: 65-80. Lawtext Publishing.

Bhui, H.S. (2007) ‘Alien experience: Foreign national prisoners after the deportation crisis’, in Probation Journal: The Journal of Community and Criminal Justice 54 (4): 368-382. 

Bhui, H.S. and Fossi, J. (2007) ‘The experience of black and minority ethnic prison staff’, in J. Bennett, A. Wahidin, and B. Crewe, Understanding Prison Staff. London: Willan Publishers.

Bhui, H.S. (2006) ‘Anti-racist Practice in NOMS: Reconciling Managerialist and Professional Realities', in Howard Journal of Criminal Justice 45 (2): 171-190.

Bhui, H.S. (2005) ‘Developing Best Practice with Foreign National Prisoners', in Prison Service Journal 158: 17-23.

Bhui, H.S. (2004) Going the Distance: Developing Effective Policy and Practice with Foreign National Prisoners, research report. London: Prison Reform Trust.

Bhui, H.S. (2004) ‘The Resettlement Needs of Foreign National Offenders', in Criminal Justice Matters 56: 36-7 and 44. Centre for Crime and Justice Studies.

Bhui, H.S. (2002) ‘Probation in England and Wales: From Rehabilitation to Risk', in Journal of Forensic Psychiatry 13 (2): 231-9.

Bhui, H.S. (2001) ‘New Probation: Closer to the End of Social Work?' in British Journal of Social Work 31 (4): 637-9.

Bhui, H.S. (1999) ‘The Probation Service: Mental Health Care in a Multi-cultural Society', in K. Bhui and D. Olajide, Mental Health Service Provision for a Multi-cultural Society.

Bhui, H.S. (1999) ‘Probation-led Multi-agency Working: A Practice Model', in Probation Journal 46 (2): 119-121.  

Bhui, H.S. (1999) ‘Race, Racism and Risk Assessment: Linking Theory to Practice with Black Mentally Disordered Offenders', in Probation Journal 46 (3): 171-181.

Bhui, H.S. (1996) ‘Cognitive Behavioural Methods in Probation Practice', in Probation Journal 43 (3):127-131.


Immigration detention

Prisoner rehabilitation and resettlement

Race and racism in criminal justice

Human rights-based monitoring of prisons and immigration detention

National Preventive Mechanisms