Biography

Richard is a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow. Richard holds an MSc and DPhil from the University of Oxford and an LLB from the University of Bristol. He was previously a Fellow at the Department of Law, London School of Economics. Richard has taught Criminal Law, Public Law, Criminal Justice and Sentencing. He has been a consultant for the Law Commission of England and Wales, Managing Editor of the Oxford Human Rights Hub Blog and is a Lord Denning Scholar at Lincoln’s Inn.

Richard’s research straddles criminal justice, human rights and public law. His focus is on how ‘ethical duties’ on public authorities are not only crafted by legislatures and the courts but also understood and performed by frontline decision-makers within authorities. Richard's publications include comments, reviews and articles in the Law Quarterly Review, Modern Law Review, Criminal Law Review, British Journal of Criminology, Policing and Society and European Journal of Policing.

Policing Human Rights

The findings of Richard’s doctoral research are presented in his forthcoming monograph, Policing Human Rights (Oxford University Press, 2020). The book draws on a year of fieldwork with the Police Service of Northern Ireland to produce an account of how human rights law is interpreted and applied, but also re-defined and resisted, by a variety of officers conducting routine police. Deploying concepts from socio-legal studies, criminology and anthropology, it examines the role of human rights norms in everyday police practices and vernaculars. Policing Human Rights is animated by the country’s recent conflict and lingering ethno-politics; contestation over human rights abounds.

The Statutory Reform of Pre-Charge Bail: A Law of Unintended Consequences?

The Policing and Crime Act 2017 overhauled the law governing police use of pre-charge bail. It established a presumption in favour of a suspect’s release from custody without bail, introduced new statutory tests of ‘necessity’ and ‘proportionality’ and instigated a rigorous internal police authorisation process. The reforms have resulted in a dramatic reduction in the use of pre-charge bail and been hotly contested by senior police and victims groups. Working with a police force in England and Wales, this project draws on qualitative and quantitative data to explore how police are interpreting and applying the new statutory tests, and the impact on investigatory practices and decision-making in custody.

In Pursuit of ‘Ethical Duties’

This British Academy funded project compares the crafting and performance of the statutory duties to have ‘due regard’ to equality commitments in England (s149(1) Equality Act 2010) and to give ‘proper consideration’ to human rights in Victoria (s38(1) Victoria Charter of Rights and Responsibilities). Doctrinally, the project analyses how the courts interpret and apply these duties. Empirically, it constructs an account of public law from the ground-up. It will use qualitative methods to elicit equality and rights practices, vernaculars and assumptions that animate the administration of state power and allocation of resources. The project hopes to encourage greater appraisal of the particular role and capacity of public authorities as actors involved in equality and rights ‘dialogues’ alongside the judiciary and legislature.

Publications

Displaying 1 - 16 of 16. Sorted by year, then title.
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  • R Martin and Bradford, B., 'The Anatomy of Police Legitimacy: Dialogue, Power and Procedural Justice' (2020) Theoretical Criminology (forthcoming)
  • R Martin, 'A “Culture of Justification”? Police Interpretation and Application of the Human Rights Act 1998' in Varuhas, J. and Stark, S. (eds), The Frontiers of Public Law (Oxford, Hart Publishing 2019)
  • R Martin, 'Ethno-National Narratives of Human Rights: The Northern Ireland Policing Board' (2019) Modern Law Review
  • Bradford, B. , Topping, J. , R Martin and Jackson, J. , 'Can diversity promote trust? Neighbourhood context and trust in the police in Northern Ireland' (2018) Policing and Society
  • R Martin, 'Police, Race and Culture in the 'new Ireland', An Ethnography’, S O’Brien-Ollinger ' (2018) 28 Policing and Society [Review]
  • R Martin, 'Prosecutorial Discretion, Assisting Offenders and the Decision to Refer Under SOCPA 2005' (2018) 134 Law Quarterly Review [Case Note]
  • R Martin, 'Speaking Truths to Power: Policy Ethnography and Police Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina, J Blaustein' (2018) British Journal of Criminology [Review]
  • R Martin, Unauthorised Disclosure of Protected State Information and ‘Whistleblower’ Protections: An Overview of the Law in Five Countries (Protection of Official Data: A Consultation Paper - Appendix A, Law Commission 2017)
  • R Martin, Areff, S. and Miyandazi, V. , 'Global Perspectives on Human Rights, 3rd edn' (2016) Oxford Human Rights Hub
  • Bradford, B. , R Martin, García‐Añón, J. and García‐Saez, A. , 'Instrumental and affective influences on public trust and police legitimacy in Spain' (2016) 3 European Journal of Policing
  • Hilly, L. and R Martin, 'Global Perspectives on Human Rights, 2nd edn' (2015) Oxford Human Rights Hub
  • R Martin, 'Informers’ (Criminal Evidence) ' (2015) Westlaw UK Insight
  • Giacomantonio, C., Bradford, B., Davies, M. and R Martin, Making and Breaking Barriers: Assessing the value of mounted police units in the UK: Summary report (RAND Corporation 2014)
  • Topping, J. , Byrne, J. and R Martin, The Influence of Politicians, Community Leaders and the Media on Confidence in the Police in Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland Policing Board 2014)
  • Topping, J., Byrne, J. and R Martin, The Key Drivers of Public Confidence in Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland Policing Board 2014)
  • R Martin, 'The Recent Supergrass Controversy: Have We Learnt From the Troubled Past?' [2013] Criminal Law Review

Centres

Research programmes

Research Interests

criminal justice, human rights and public law

Research projects