A monograph on The Confusion Test in European Trade Mark Law, co-authored by Dr Ilanah Fhima (UCL) and Professor Dev Gangjee (Oxford), was launched at University College London on the evening of 14 November 2019. The launch was preceded by an expert roundtable on the Likelihood of Confusion test in European trade mark law. The Panel was chaired by Lord Justice Arnold of the Court of Appeal and speakers included Alan James (Senior Hearing Officer, UK Intellectual Property Office), Gordon Humphreys (Chairperson of the Fifth Board of Appeal at the EUIPO), Emma Himsworth (Appointed Person and QC, One Essex Court) and Professor Robert Burrell (Chair of IP Law, University of Oxford). The discussion ranged over the complexities of composite marks, how to respond when weak trade marks are asserted, when non-traditional marks such as shapes and colours might be infringed and the extent to which the perception of the average consumer should be informed by empirical evidence.

Image courtesy of James Nurton