Biography

Julian Roberts holds a Ph.D from the University of Toronto and an LL.M. from the University of London. He was a member of the Sentencing Council of England and Wales from 2008-2018.  He is currently Executive Director of the Sentencing Academy, a London-based institute which links scholars with practitioners, and promotes greater public understanding of sentencing in England and Wales. Julian has authored or co-authored 8 books, the most recent of which is 'Paying for the Past' (with Richard Frase) published by the Oxford University Press in 2019. He has edited or co-edited 18 scholarly volumes, the most recent of which is Sentencing in Canada (with Justice David Cole) published by Irwin Law in Canada. 

Julian has been a Visiting Professor at a number of universities, including: Faculty of Law, University of Ferrara; Faculty of law, University of Minnesota; Visiting Professor, European Public Law Program, Athens (2015); Global Law School, University of Haifa (2012); Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge (2012); Visiting International Professor, Faculty of Law, Université Libre de Bruxelles (2009-2010);  School of Law, King’s College London (2009-2010; 2005-2006); Faculty of Law, Catholic University of Leuven (2007-2008). From 2014-2018 he was co-Director of the Criminal History Project located in the Robina Institute, Faculty of Law, University of Minnesota. This multi-year project conducted research into the use of prior convictions in the US sentencing guidelines. 

Books Authored, Co-authored or Edited

Ambos, K., Roberts, J.V., Duff, R.A., and Weigend, T. (eds.) (2020) Core Issues in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice. Volume 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Roberts, J.V. and Cole, D. (eds.) (2020) Sentencing in Canada: Essays in Law, Policy and Practice. Toronto: Irwin Law.

Frase, R. and Roberts, J.V. (2019) Paying for the Past: Prior Record Enhancements in the US Sentencing Guidelines. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ryberg, J., Roberts, J.V., and De Keijser, J. (2017) More than a Single Crime. Sentencing the Multiple Count Offender. New York: Oxford University Press.

Roberts, J.V. (Ed.) (2015) Exploring Sentencing Practice in England and Wales. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Manson, A., Roberts, J.V., Healy, P., Ives, D., and Trotter, G. (Eds.) (2016) Sentencing and Penal Policy in Canada. (Third Toronto: Emond Montgomery.

Roberts, J.V. and Grossman, M. (Eds.) (2015) Criminal Justice in Canada. (Fifth Edition). Toronto: Thomson Nelson.

Roberts, J.V. (2015) Criminal Justice. A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ryberg, J. and Roberts, J.V. (Eds.) (2014) Popular Punishment. The Normative Significance of Public Opinion for Sentencing Theory and Practice. Studies in Penal Theory and Philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press.

Ashworth, A. and Roberts, J.V. (Eds.) (2013) Sentencing Guidelines: Exploring the English Model. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Zedner, L. and Roberts, J.V. (Eds.) (2012) Principles and Values in Criminal Law and Criminal  Justice: Festchrift Essays in Honour of Andrew Ashworth. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mitchell, B. and Roberts, J.V. (2012) Sentencing for Murder: Exploring the Mandatory Sentence  of Life Imprisonment for Murder. Oxford: Hart Publications.

Roberts, J.V. (Ed.) (2011) Mitigation and Aggravation at Sentencing. Cambridge Studies in Law and Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Roberts, J.V. and von Hirsch, A. (Eds.) (2010) Previous Convictions at Sentencing: Theoretical and Applied  Perspectives.  Studies in Penal Theory and Ethics. Oxford: Hart Publishing.

Bottoms, A. and Roberts, J.V. (Eds.) (2010) Hearing the Victim: Adversarial Justice, Crime Victims, and the State. Cullompton: Willan Publishing.

von Hirsch, A., Ashworth, A. and Roberts, J.V. (Eds.) (2009) Principled Sentencing. Readings on Theory and Policy. (Third edition). Oxford: Hart Publishing.

Roberts, J.V. (2008) Punishing Persistent Offenders. Community and Offender Perspectives on the Recidivist Sentencing Premium. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Manson, A., Roberts, J.V., Healy, P., Ives, D., and Trotter, G. (Eds.) (2008) Sentencing and Penal Policy in Canada. (Second Edition). Toronto: Emond Montgomery

Roberts, J.V. and Hough, M. (2005) Understanding Public Attitudes to Criminal Justice. Maidenhead: Open University Press. Chinese Translation published in 2010.

Roberts, J.V. (2004) The Virtual Prison. Community Custody and the Evolution of Imprisonment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hough, M. and Roberts, J.V. (2004) Youth Crime and Youth Justice: Public Opinion in England and Wales.  Bristol: The Policy Press.

Roberts, J.V., Stalans, L.S., Indermaur, D., and Hough, M. (2003) Penal Populism and Public Opinion. Lessons from Five Countries. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

von Hirsch, A., Roberts, J.V., Bottoms, A.E., Roach, K., and Schiff, M. (Eds.) (2003) Restorative and Criminal Justice. Competing or Reconcilable Paradigms? Oxford: Hart Publishing.

Roberts, J.V. and Hough, M. (Eds.) (2002) Changing Attitudes to Punishment. Public Opinion, Crime and Justice.  Cullompton: Willan Publishing.

Roberts, J.V. (Ed.) (2000) Criminal Justice in Canada. Toronto: Harcourt Brace.

Roberts, J.V. and Cole, D. (Eds.) (1999) Making Sense of Sentencing. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Roberts, J.V. and Stalans, L. (1997) Public Opinion, Crime, and Criminal Justice. Boulder: Westview Press.

Roberts, J.V. and Mohr, R. (Eds.) (1994) Confronting Sexual Assault. A Decade of Legal and Social Change. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Roberts, J.V. and Hudson, J. (Eds.) (1993) Evaluating Justice: Policies and Programs. Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing.

 

Publications

Featured publications

  • J Roberts, 'Past and Present Crimes: The Role of Previous Convictions at Sentencing' in J. Ryberg and C. Tamburrini (eds), Recidivist Punishments: The Philosopher’s View. (New York: Taylor and Francis. 2011)
  • J Roberts, M Hough, J Jacobson and N Moon, 'Public Attitudes to Sentencing Purposes and Sentencing Factors: An Empirical Analysis' [2009] Criminal Law Review 771
  • J Roberts, 'The pluses and minuses of custody: sentencing reform in England and Wales.' (2003) The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice

Journal Article (91)

J Roberts, J Pina-Sanchez and I Marder, 'Individualisation at Sentencing: The Effects of Sentencing Guidelines and ‘Preferred’ Numbers' [2018] Criminal Law Review (forthcoming)
Id: 9459
R Hester, J Roberts, R Frase and K Mitchell, 'A measure of tolerance: Public attitudes toward sentencing enhancements for old and juvenile priors. Corrections.' (2017) Policy, Practice and Research
Id: 9445
J Roberts, 'Aboriginal Incarceration in Canada since 1978: Every Picture ' (2017) Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice
Id: 9439
J Roberts and L Harris, 'Addressing the problem of the Prison Estate: The Role of Sentencing Policy' (2017) 231 The Prison Service Journal Aug
Id: 9447
C Lightowler, J Pina-Sanchez and J Roberts, 'Exploring the Punitive Surge: Crown Court sentencing practices before and after the 2011 English riots' (2017) Criminology and Criminal Justice
Id: 9448
J Roberts and L Harris, 'Reconceptualizing the Custody Threshold in England and Wales' (2017) Criminal Law Forum
Id: 9446
J Roberts and G Watson, 'Reducing Female Admissions to Custody: Exploring the Remedial Sentencing Options' (2017) Criminology and Criminal Justice Jan
Id: 9449
J Roberts and W Pei, 'Structuring Judicial Discretion in China: Exploring the 2014 Sentencing Guidelines' (2016) 27 Criminal Law Forum Mar
Id: 9450
J Roberts and Ben Bradford, 'Sentence Reductions for a Guilty Plea: New Empirical Evidence from England and Wales ' (2015) Journal of Empirical Legal Studies (forthcoming)
Id: 4756
J Roberts and Jan de Keijser, 'Democratizing Punishment: Sentencing, Community Views and Values' (2014) Punishment and Society. The International Journal of Penology
Id: 4757
J Roberts and J. Pina-Sanchez, 'Previous Convictions at Sentencing: Exploring Empirical Trends in the Crown Court ' [2014] Criminal Law Review 575
Id: 4758
J Roberts and O. Yalinchak, 'Risk, Retribution, and Prior Record Enhancement Provisions in State Sentencing Guidelines' (2014) 26 Federal Sentencing Reporter 177
Id: 4759
Barry Mitchell and J Roberts, 'Bringing Principles and Fairness Sentencing for Murder' (2013) 24 Criminal Law Forum 501
Id: 4760
J Roberts and M Hough, 'Public Attitudes to Sentencing Riot Related Offending' (2013) 53 British Journal of Criminology 234
Id: 9451
J Roberts, 'Sentencing Guidelines in England and Wales: Recent Developments and Emerging Issues' (2013) Law and Contemporary Problems
Id: 4761
J Roberts and H. Bebbington, 'Sentencing Reform in Canada: Promoting a Return to Principles and Evidence-based Policy ' (2013) 17 Canadian Criminal Law Review 327
Id: 4762
J Roberts and O. Gazal-Ayal, 'Sentencing Reform in Israel: An Analysis of the Statutory Reforms of 2012 ' (2013) 46 Israel Law Review 455
Id: 4763
J Roberts and Marie Manikis, 'Victim Personal Statements: Latest (and last) Trends from the Witnesses and Victims Experience Survey in England and Wales' (2013) Criminology and Criminal Justice
Id: 4764
J Roberts, 'Sentencing Guidelines in England and Wales: Recent Developments ' (2012) Punishment and Society. The International Journal of Penology
ISBN: 1462-4745
Id: 4767
J Roberts, 'Points of Departure: Reflections on Sentencing Outside the Definitive Guidelines Ranges ' [2012] 6 Criminal Law Review 439
Id: 4765
J Roberts, M. Hough and J. Jackson, 'Public Attitudes toward the Lay Magistracy and the Sentencing Council Guidelines: The Effects of Information on Opinion ' (2012) British Journal of Criminology
ISBN: 1464-3529
Id: 4766
J Roberts, 'Structured Sentencing in Canada and England and Wales: A Tale of Two Jurisdictions ' (2012) Criminal Law Forum
Id: 4768
J Roberts and M. Manikis, 'Victim Impact Statements at Sentencing: Developments in Caselaw. ' (2012) Victims of Crime Research Digest
Id: 4769
J Roberts, 'Sentencing Guidelines and Judicial Discretion: Evolution of the Duty of Courts to Comply in England and Wales' (2011) British Journal of Criminology
ISBN: 0007-0955
Id: 4775
J Roberts, M. Hough and A. Ashworth, 'Personal Mitigation, Public Opinion and Sentencing Guidelines in England and Wales' [2011] Criminal Law Review
Id: 4770
J Roberts and M. Hough, 'Public Attitudes to the Criminal Jury: A Review of International Trends' (2011) The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice
Id: 4771
B. Mitchell and J Roberts, 'Public Attitudes Towards the Mandatory Life Sentence for Murder in England and Wales: Putting Received Wisdom to the Empirical Test. ' [2011] Criminal Law Review
Id: 4772
M. Manikis and J Roberts, 'Recognizing Ancillary Harm at Sentencing: A Proportionate and Balanced Response' (2011) Canadian Criminal Law Review
Id: 4773
B. Mitchell and J Roberts, 'Sentencing for Murder: Exploring Public Knowledge and Public Opinion in England and Wales' (2011) British Journal of Criminology
Id: 4774
J Roberts and A. Rafferty, 'Sentencing Guidelines in England and Wales: Exploring the New Format' [2011] Criminal Law Review
Id: 4776
J Roberts, U. Azmeh and K. Tripathi, 'Structured Sentencing in England and Wales: Lessons for India?' (2011) National Law School of India Review
Id: 4777
P. Carrington, J Roberts and S. Davis-Barron, 'The ‘Last Chance’ Sanction in Youth Court: Exploring the Deferred Custody and Supervision Order' (2011) Canadian Criminal Law Review
Id: 4778
E. Player, J. Jacobson, J Roberts, M. Hough and J. Rowbottom, 'Remanded in Custody: An Analysis of Recent trends in England and Wales' (2010) The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice
Id: 4780
J Roberts, 'The Evolution of Sentencing Guidelines in England and Wales' (2010) Criminal Justice Matters
Id: 4781
J Roberts and M Manikis, 'Victim Impact Statements at Sentencing: Exploring the relevance of Ancillary Harm (in press)' (2010) Canadian Criminal Law Review
Id: 4782
J Roberts and M Hough, 'Custody or Community? Exploring the Boundaries of Public Punitiveness in England and Wales (in press)' (2010) Criminology and Criminal Justice
Id: 4779
N. Bala, P. Carrington and J Roberts, 'The Youth Criminal Justice Act: A Qualified Success' (2009) Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice
Id: 4785
J Roberts, '"Faint Hope" in the Firing Line: Repeal of S. 745.6?' (2009) Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 537
Id: 4783
J Roberts, M Hough, J Jacobson and N Moon, 'Public Attitudes to Sentencing Purposes and Sentencing Factors: An Empirical Analysis' [2009] Criminal Law Review 771
Id: 4784
J Roberts, 'Punishing Persistence: Explaining the Enduring Appeal of the Recidivist Sentencing Premium' (2008) British Journal of Criminology 468
ISBN: 0007-0955
Id: 4788
J Roberts, 'Victims of Crime: Successes and Challenges in the Years to Come' (2008) Victims of Crime Research
Id: 4789
J Roberts, 'Aggravating and Mitigating Factors at Sentencing: Towards Greater Consistency of Application' [2008] Criminal Law Review 264
Id: 4786
J Roberts, M Hough, J Jacobson and J Bredee, 'Public attitudes to sentencing offenders convicted of offences involving death by driving' [2008] Criminal Law Review 525
Id: 4787
J Roberts, N. Crutcher and P. Verbrugge, 'Public Attitudes to Sentencing in Canada: Exploring Recent Findings' (2007) Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice
Id: 4790
J Roberts, 'Public Confidence in Criminal Justice in Canada: A Comparative and Contextual Analysis' (2007) Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice
Id: 4791
J Roberts and R. Hastings, 'Public Opinion and Crime Prevention: A Review of International Findings' (2007) Revue de l’Institut pour la Prevention de la Criminalite,
Id: 4792
J Roberts, 'Reforming Conditional Sentencing: Evaluating Recent Legislative Proposals' (2006) Criminal Law Quarterly
Id: 4794
J Roberts, 'Reducing the Use of Custody as a Sanction: A Review of Recent Strategies' (2006) Judicial Studies Institute Journal, 2006
Id: 4793
J Roberts, 'Reducing Prison Populations: Exploring Alternative Strategies' (2005) Reform: A Journal of National and International Law Reform
Id: 4799
J Roberts and Kent Roach, 'Community sentencing and the perspective of crime victims: a socio-legal analysis.' (2005) Queen's Law Journal, 2005.
Id: 4795
J Roberts, J. Unnever and F. Cullen, 'Not everyone strongly supports the death penalty: assessing weakly-held attitudes about capital punishment.' (2005) American Journal of Criminal Justice, 2005.
Id: 4796
J Roberts, 'Pre-trial Custody, Terms of imprisonment and theConditional Sentence: Crediting 'Dead Time' to effect 'Regime Change' in sentencing' (2005) 9 Canadian Criminal Law Review 191
ISBN: 1203-8660
Id: 4797
J Roberts and J. Sprott, 'Punitive and moderate penal policies: explaining divergent approaches to reform in Canada and the United States.' (2005) International Journal of Comparative Criminology, 2005.
Id: 4798
J Roberts, Mike Hough and L.Stalans, 'Restorative Justice and the Views of the Public.' (2005) Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, 2005.
Id: 4800
J Roberts and S. Terblanche, 'Sentencing in South Africa: lacking in principle but delivering justice?' (2005) South African Journal of Criminal Justice, 2005.
Id: 4801
J Roberts and Mike Hough, 'Sentencing young offenders: public opinion in England and Wales.' (2005) Criminal Justice, 2005.
Id: 4802
J Roberts, C. Hutchison and R. Jesseman, 'Supervising conditional sentence orders: the perceptions of probation officers in Ontario.' (2005) Criminal Reports, 2005.
Id: 4803
J Roberts, 'The fall and rise of the recidivist premium: recent developments in England and Wales.' (2005) Federal Sentencing Reporter, 2005.
Id: 4804
J Roberts and Mike Hough, 'The state of the prisons: exploring public knowledge and opinion.' (2005) The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 2005.
Id: 4805
J Roberts, 'Public Opinion and Youth Justice' (2004) 2004 (31) Crime and Justice 495
ISBN: 0-226-80820-3
Id: 4810
J Roberts and E. Erez, 'Communication in sentencing: exploring the expressive and the impact model of victim impact statements.' (2004) International Review of Victimology
Id: 4806
J Roberts, 'Harmonizing the sentencing of young and adult offenders: a comparison of the Youth Criminal Justice Act and Part XXIII of the Criminal Code.' (2004) Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice
Id: 4807
J Roberts and A. von Hirsch, 'Legislating sentencing principles: the provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 relating to sentencing purposes and the role of previous convictions.' [2004] Criminal Law Review
Id: 4808
J Roberts and T. Gabor, 'Living in the shadow of prison: lessons from the Canadian experience in decarceration.' (2004) British Journal of Criminology
Id: 4809
J Roberts and L. Stalans, 'Restorative justice and the sentencing process; exploring the views of the public.' (2004) Social Justice Research
Id: 4811
J Roberts, 'An analysis of the statutory statement of the purposes and principles of sentencing in New Zealand.' (2003) Australia and New Zealand Journal of Criminology
Id: 4812
J Roberts, 'Public opinion and mandatory sentences of imprisonment: a review of international findings.' (2003) Criminal Justice and Behaviour, 2003.
Id: 4813
J Roberts and T. Gabor, 'The Impact of Conditional Sentencing: Decarceration and Widening of the Net.' (2003) Canadian Criminal Law Review, 2003.
Id: 4814
J Roberts and R. Melchers, 'The Incarceration of Aboriginal Offenders: an analysis of trends, 1978-2001.' (2003) Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 2003.
Id: 4815
J Roberts, 'The pluses and minuses of custody: sentencing reform in England and Wales.' (2003) The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice
Id: 4816
J Roberts, 'The sentencing of Juveniles in Canada: An analysis of recent reform legislation.' (2003) Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice
Id: 4817
J Roberts, H. Johnson and M. Grossman, 'Trends in crimes of sexual aggression in Canada: an analysis of police-reported and victimizations statistics.' (2003) International Journal of Comparative Criminology, 2003.
Id: 4818
J Roberts and N. Bala, 'Understanding sentencing under the Youth Criminal Justice Act.' (2003) Alberta Law Review
Id: 4819
J Roberts, 'Victim impact statements and the sentencing process: enhancing communication in the courtroom.' (2003) Criminal Law Quarterly, 2003.
Id: 4820
J Roberts and A. Edgar, 'Victim impact statements at sentencing: perceptions of the judiciary in Canada.' (2003) International Journal of Victimology
Id: 4821
J Roberts, 'Alchemy in sentencing: an analysis of reform proposals in England and Wales.' (2002) Punishment and Society. The International Journal of Penology, 2002.
Id: 4822
J Roberts, B. Fischer and M. Kirst, 'Compulsory drug treatment in Canada: a socio-legal history and examination of contemporary legal tools.' (2002) European Addiction Research, 2002.
Id: 4823
J Roberts, 'Determining parole eligibility dates for life prisoners: lessons from jury hearings in Canada.' (2002) Punishment and Society. The International Journal of Penology, 2002.
Id: 4824
J Roberts and S. Verdun-Jones, 'Directing traffic at the crossroads of criminal justice and mental health: implications of the Supreme Court judgment in R. v. Knoblauch.' (2002) Alberta Law Review, 2002.
Id: 4825
J Roberts and J. Tufts, 'Sentencing Juvenile Offenders: Public Preferences and Judicial Practice.' (2002) Criminal Justice Policy Review, 2002.
Id: 4826
J Roberts, 'The Evolution of Conditional Sentencing in Canada.' (2002) Criminal Reports, 2002.
Id: 4827
J Roberts and P. Stenning, 'The Sentencing of Aboriginal Offenders.' (2002) Saskatchewan Law Review, 2002.
Id: 4828
J Roberts, T. Gabor, K. Stein and L. Digiuilio, 'Unintentional firearms deaths:Can they be reduced by lowering gun ownership levels?' (2002) Canadian Journal of Public Health, 2002.
Id: 4829
J Roberts and P. Stenning, 'Empty promises: parliament, the Supreme Court and the Sentencing of Aboriginal Offenders.' (2001) Saskatchewan Law Review, 2001.
Id: 4830
J Roberts, 'L'evolution et consequences de la reforme de la sentence au Canada.' (2001) Sociologie et Societes, 2001.
Id: 4831
J Roberts, 'Mandatory minimum sentences of imprisonment: Exploring the consequences for the sentencing process.' (2001) Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 2001.
Id: 4832
J Roberts and R. Gebotys, 'Prisoners of Isolation: research on the effects of administrative segregation.' (2001) Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 2001.
Id: 4833
J Roberts and P. Healy, 'Recent Developments in Conditional Sentencing.' (2001) Canadian Bar Review, 2001.
Id: 4834
J Roberts and A. Hastings, 'Sentencing in cases of hate-motivated crime: An analysis of the impact of sub-paragraph 718.2 of the Criminal Code.' (2001) Queen's Law Journal, 2001,
Id: 4835
J Roberts, 'Sentencing scholarship and sentencing reform in Canada.' (2001) Mcgill Law Journal, 2001.
Id: 4836
J Roberts and P. Healy, 'The Future of Conditional Sentencing.' (2001) Criminal Law Quarterly, 2001,
Id: 4837

Chapter (90)

J Roberts and N Dagan, 'Just Deserts, Penal Censure and Parole' in A Bottoms and A Pedain-Dubois (eds), Forty Years On: Revisiting ‘Doing Justice’ (Hart 2018) (forthcoming)
Id: 9460
A Hough and J Roberts, 'Public Opinion, Crime, and Criminal Justice' in S Maruna, A Liebling and L McAra (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Criminology (6th edn) (Oxford University Press 2018)
Id: 9456
J Roberts, 'Aplicação estruturada da pena: lições da experiência na Inglaterra e no País de Gales' in Américo Bedê Jr. and Silveira de Queirós Campos, G (eds), Sentença criminal e aplicação da pena: ensaios sobre discricionariedade, individualização e proporcionalidade (Editora JusPodivm 2017)
Id: 9461
J Roberts, 'Reduzindo o uso da prisão como pena: uma revisão das experiências internacionais recentes' in Américo Bedê Jr. and Silveira de Queirós Campos, G (eds), Sentença criminal e aplicação da pena: ensaios sobre discricionariedade, individualização e proporcionalidade (Editora JusPodivm 2017)
Id: 9462
J Roberts and J De Keijser, 'Sentencing the Multiple Conviction Offender: Diminished Culpability for Related Criminal Conduct' in J V Roberts, J Ryberg and J De Keijser (eds), More than a Single Crime. Sentencing the Multiple Count Offender (Oxford University Press 2017)
Id: 9454
J Roberts, J Ryberg and J De Keijser, 'Sentencing the Multiple Count Offender: Setting the Stage' in J V Roberts, J Ryberg and J De Keijser (eds), More than a Single Crime. Sentencing the Multiple Count Offender (Oxford University Press 2017)
Id: 9453
A Ashworth and J Roberts, 'Sentencing. Theory, Policy, and Practice' in S Maruna, A Liebling and L McAra (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Criminology (6th edn) (Oxford University Press 2017)
Id: 9455
J Roberts and A Ashworth, 'The Evolution of Sentencing Policy and Practice in England and Wales, 1996-2015' in M Tonry (ed), Sentencing Policies and Practices in Western Countries. Comparative and Cross-National Perspectives (Oxford University Press 2017)
Id: 9458
J Roberts and M Plesničar, 'Odločanje o sankcijah, legitimnost in javno mnenje' in G Meško, K Eman and B Flander (eds), Oblast, legitimnost in družbeno nadzorstvo (Fakulteta za varnostne vede 2016)
Id: 9463
J Roberts and L Harris, 'The Use of Imprisonment as a Sanction: Lessons from the Academy' in M Bosworth, C Hoyle and L Zedner (eds), The Changing Contours of Criminal Justice (Oxford University Press 2016)
Id: 9457
J Roberts and Mike Hough, 'Empirical Sentencing Research: Options and Opportunities' in (ed), Exploring Sentencing Practice in England and Wales (Palgrave macMillan 2015)
Id: 4847
J Roberts and Jose Pina Sanchez, 'Paying for the Past: The Role of Previous Convictions at Sentencing in the Crown Court' in (ed), Exploring Sentencing Practice in England and Wales (Palgrave MacMillan 2015)
Id: 4848
Barry Mitchell and J Roberts, 'Sentencing for Murder Drawing Lessons from Research' in (ed), Exploring Sentencing Practice in England and Wales (Palgrave Macmillan. 2015)
Id: 4849
J Roberts and Keir Rogers, 'Sentencing Practices and Trends in England and Wales, 1999-2013' in (ed), Exploring Sentencing Practice in England and Wales (Palgrave MacMillan 2015)
Id: 4850
J Roberts and Hannah Maslen, 'After the Crime: Retributivism, Post-Offence Conduct and Penal Censure.' in A. Simester, U. Neumann and A. du Bois-Pedain (eds), Liberal Criminal Theory: Essays for Andreas von Hirsch (Hart Publishing. 2014)
Id: 4851
J Roberts, 'Clarifying the Role of Public Opinion in Sentencing Policy and Practice' in J. Ryberg and J.V. Roberts (eds), Popular Punishment: The Normative Significance of Public Opinion for Sentencing Theory and Practice (Oxford University Press 2014)
ISBN: 978-0-19-994137-7
Id: 4852
J. Ryberg and J Roberts, 'Popular Punishment: The Normative Significance of Public Opinion for Sentencing Theory and Practice' in J. Ryberg and J.V. Roberts (eds), Popular Punishment (Oxford University Press 2014)
Id: 4853
J Roberts and Plesnicar, M, 'Sentencing, Penal Legitimacy and the Public' in G. Meszko and J. Tankebe (eds), Legitimacy and Criminal Justice in Europe (Springer 2014)
Id: 4854
J Roberts, 'Exploring Sentencing Guidelines outside the United States' in (ed), Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice (Springer 2013)
Id: 4855
J Roberts, 'Mitigating and Aggravating Factors at Sentencing' in (ed), Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice (Springer 2013)
Id: 4856
J Roberts, 'Sentencing Patterns in England and Wales: Findings from the Crown Court Sentencing Survey. ' in A. Ashworth and J. Roberts (eds), Sentencing Guidelines: Exploring the English Model (University of Oxford. 2013)
Id: 4857
Andrew Ashworth and J Roberts, 'The Origins and Evolution of Sentencing Guidelines in England and Wales.' in (ed), Sentencing Guidelines: Exploring the English Model (Oxford University Press 2013)
Id: 4858
Hannah Maslen and J Roberts, 'The Role of Remorse at Sentencing: An Analysis of Guidelines and Empirical Practice' in A. Ashworth and J. Roberts (eds), Sentencing Guidelines: Exploring the English Model (University of Oxford. 2013)
Id: 4859
Edna Erez and J Roberts, 'Victims and the Sentencing Process' in (ed), Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice (Springer 2013)
Id: 4860
J Roberts and R. Hastings, 'Public Opinion and Crime Prevention' in D. Farrington and B. Welsh (eds), Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention. (Oxford University Press 2012)
Id: 4861
M. Hough and J Roberts, 'Public Opinion, Crime, and Criminal Justice' in R. Morgan and M. Maguire (eds), Oxford Handbook of Criminology. (Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2012)
Id: 4862
A. Ashworth and J Roberts, 'Sentencing. Theory, Policy, and Practice.' in R. Morgan and M. Maguire (eds), Oxford Handbook of Criminology. (Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2012)
Id: 4863
J Roberts, 'The Role of the Victim at Sentencing and Corrections' in K. Reitz and J. Petersilia (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections (New York: Oxford University Press. 2012)
Id: 4864
J Roberts and E. Erez, 'Victim Participation in the Criminal Justice System.' in R. Davis, A. Lurigio and S. Herman (eds), Victims of Crime. (Fourth Edition). (Beverly Hills: Sage. 2012)
Id: 4865
J Roberts, 'Az ítélkezési rendszer alakítása Angliában és Walesben: Tanulságok Magyarország számára? (Sentencing Reform in Hungary: Lessons from England and Wales)' in (ed), Szemle, Number 2, OKRI. (Budapest: Hungarian Institute of Criminology. 2011)
Id: 4866
J Roberts, 'Community Views of Sentencing: Intuitive and Principled Responses to Offending' in M. Tonry (ed), Punishment Futures. Studies in Penal Theory and Philosophy. (Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2011)
Id: 4867
J Roberts and S. Wallace-Capretta, 'Electronic Monitoring and Community Custody in Canada. ' in R. Bas, K. Beyens, D. Kaminski and M. Nellis (eds), Electronically Monitored Punishment: Critical Perspectives (Cullompton: Willan Publishing. 2011)
Id: 4868
J Roberts and M. Hough, 'Exploring Public Attitudes to Sentencing Factors in England and Wales.' in J.V. Roberts (ed), Mitigation and Aggravation at Sentencing. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2011)
Id: 4869
N. Bala, P. Carrington and J Roberts, 'Implementing Youth Justice Reform: Effects of the Youth Criminal Justice Act ' in J. Winterdyk and R. Smandych (eds), Youth Justice in Canada (Toronto: Oxford University Press 2011)
Id: 4870
J Roberts, 'Introduction to Criminal Justice in Canada' in (ed), Criminal Justice in Canada (Fourth Edition) (Toronto: Pearson 2011)
Id: 4871
J Roberts, 'Jury Reviews of Parole Eligibility for Life Prisoners' in (ed), Criminal Justice in Canada (Fourth Edition) (Toronto: Pearson. 2011)
Id: 4872
J Roberts, M. Feilzer and M. Hough, 'Measuring Public Attitudes to Criminal Justice' in D. Gadd, S. Karstedt and S. Messner (eds), Handbook of Criminological Research Methods (London: Sage Publications. 2011)
Id: 4873
J Roberts, 'Past and Present Crimes: The Role of Previous Convictions at Sentencing' in J. Ryberg and C. Tamburrini (eds), Recidivist Punishments: The Philosopher’s View. (New York: Taylor and Francis. 2011)
Id: 6004
J Roberts, 'Public Perceptions of the Criminal Justice System in England and Wales. What does the Public Really think?' in S. Khan (ed), (Fabian Society 2011)
Id: 4875
J Roberts, 'Punishing, More or Less: Exploring Mitigating and Aggravating Factors at Sentencing' in J.V. Roberts (ed), Mitigation and Aggravation at Sentencing (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2011)
Id: 4876
N. Bala, P. Carrington and J Roberts, 'The Changing Face of Youth Justice: Impact of the Youth Criminal Justice Act' in (ed), Criminal Justice in Canada (Fourth Edition) (Toronto: Pearson. 2011)
Id: 4877
P.J. Carrington and J Roberts, 'The Last Chance Sanction in Youth Court: Exploring the Deferred Custody and Supervision Order' in S. Anand (ed), Paradoxes of Children’s Rights: Essays in Honour of Professor Nicholas Bala. (Toronto: Irwin Law. 2011)
Id: 6005
J Roberts, 'Re-Examining First Offender Discounts at Sentencing.' in J.V. Roberts and A. Von Hirsch (eds), Previous Convictions at Sentencing: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives (Oxford: Hart Publishing. 2010)
Id: 4879
N. Bala, P. Carrington and J Roberts, 'Youth Justice Reform in Canada: Reducing the Use of Courts and Custody without Increasing Youth Crime' in D. Smith (ed), A New Approach to Youth Justice (Cullompton: Willan Publishing. 2010)
Id: 4883
J Roberts, 'The Role of the Victim at Sentencing and Corrections' in K Reitz and J Petersilia (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Sentencing and Corrections (Oxford University Press 2010)
Id: 4880
J Roberts and E Erez, 'Victim Impact Statements at Sentencing: Expressive and Instrumental Purposes' in (ed), Hearing the Victim: Adversarial Justice, Crime Victims, and the State (Willan Publishing 2010)
Id: 4881
N Padfield and J Roberts, 'Victims and Parole: Probative or Prejudicial?' in (ed), Hearing the Victim: Adversarial Justice, Crime Victims, and the State (Willan Publishing 2010)
Id: 4882
J Roberts and E. Erez, 'Communication in Sentencing: Exploring the Expressive and the Impact Model of Victim Impact Statements' in C. Hoyle (ed), Restorative Justice (London: Routledge 2009)
Id: 4884
J Roberts, 'Elektronisch toezicht: van toezichttechnologie naar een autonome sanctie (Electronic Monitoring: from Surveillance Technology to Autonomous Sanction).' in T. Daems, T.S. De Decker, L. Robert, and F. Verbruggen (eds), Elektronische Toezicht (Leuven: Leuven University Press. 2009)
Id: 4886
J Roberts, 'Explaining the Enduring Appeal of the Recidivist Sentencing Premium: The Role of Blameworthiness' in A. von Hirsch et al. (ed), Principled Sentencing. Readings on Theory and Policy. (Third edition) (Oxford: Hart Publishing 2009)
Id: 4887
J Roberts, 'Listening to the Crime Victim: Evaluating Victim Input at Sentencing and Parole' in M Tonry (ed), Crime and Justice (volume 38) (University of Chicago Press 2009)
Id: 4888
J Roberts, H. Johnson and M. Grossman, 'Trends in Crimes of Sexual Aggression in Canada' in J. Winterdyk, R. Reichel and H. Danmer (eds), A Guided Reader in Comparative Criminology and Criminal Justice. (Bochum: Brockmeyer 2009)
Id: 4889
E. Erez and J Roberts, 'Victim Participation in the Criminal Process: Normative Dilemmas and Practical Solutions.' in S. Shoham, P. Knepper and P. Kett (eds), The International Handbook of Criminology. (London: Taylor and Francis 2009)
Id: 4890
M Hough and J Roberts, 'Crime and Criminal Justice: Exploring the Policy Options for Britain' in D Halpern, V Uberoi, I McLean and A Coutts (eds), Policy Options for Britain (Palgrave Macmillan 2009)
Id: 4885
J Roberts and J. Sprott, 'Exploring the Differences between Punitive and Moderate Penal Policies in the United States and Canada' in H. Kury and T. Ferdinand (eds), International Perspectives on Punitivity. Crime and Public Policy. Volume 4. (Bochum: Brockmeyer 2008)
Id: 4891
J Roberts, 'Reducing the Use of Custody as a Sanction: A Review of Recent International Experiences' in M. Hough, R. Allen and E. Solomon (eds), Tackling Prison Overcrowding. Build More Prisons? Sentence Fewer Offenders? (Bristol: The Policy Press 2008)
Id: 4892
J Roberts and E. Baker, 'Sentencing Structure and Reform in Common Law Jurisdictions.' in S. Shoham (ed), International Handbook of Penology and Criminal Justice. (Taylor and Francis. 2008)
Id: 4893
J Roberts, J. Jacobson and M. Hough, 'Towards more Consistent and Predictable Sentencing in England and Wales' in M. Hough, R. Allen and E. Solomon (eds), Tackling Prison Overcrowding. Build More Prisons? Sentence Fewer Offenders? (Bristol: The Policy Press 2008)
Id: 4895
J Roberts, 'The Role of public opinion in the development of sentencing policy and practice' in A Freiberg and K Gelb (eds), Penal Populism, Sentencing Councils and Sentencing Policy (Willan Publishing/Federation Press 2008)
Id: 4894
M. Hough and J Roberts, 'Public Opinion, Crime, and Criminal Justice: The British Crime Survey and Beyond' in M. Hough and M. Maxfield (eds), Surveying Crime in the 21st Century. Crime Prevention Studies. Volume 22. (Cullompton: Willan Publishing and New York: Criminal Justice Press. 2007)
Id: 4896
J Roberts and T. Gabor, 'Race and Crime: A Critique' in R. Brym (ed), Society in Question. (Toronto: Thomson Nelson. 2007)
Id: 4897
J Roberts, 'Serving Time at Home: The Conditional Sentence of Imprisonment' in J.V. Roberts and M. Grossman (eds), Criminal Justice in Canada. A Reader. (Toronto: Thomson Nelson 2007)
Id: 4899
E. Erez and J Roberts, 'Victims and the Criminal Justice System' in B. Cutler (ed), Encylopedia of Law and Psychology. (Beverly Hills: Sage 2007)
Id: 4900
J Roberts and E Baker, 'Sentencing in Common Law Jurisdictions' in S Shoham, O Beck and M Kett (eds), International Handbook of Penology and Criminal Justice (Routledge 2007)
Id: 4898
N. Bala and J Roberts, 'Canada’s Juvenile Justice System: Promoting Community-based Responses to Youth Crime' in J. Junger-Tas and S. Decker (eds), International Handbook of Juvenile Justice. (Dordrecht: Springer Publications. 2006)
Id: 4901
T. Sanders and J Roberts, 'Exploring Public Attitudes to Conditional Sentencing' in J. Winterdyk, L. Coates and S. Brodie (eds), Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods (Toronto: Pearson 2006)
Id: 4902
J Roberts and N. Bala, 'Juvenile Justice Reform in Canada.' in (ed), Handbook of International Juvenile Justice (Springer 2006)
Id: 4903
J Roberts and E. Baker, 'Sentencing in Common Law Jurisdictions' in (ed), International Penology (De Sitter 2006)
Id: 4904
J Roberts and E. Baker, 'Globalization and the New Punitiveness.' in (ed), The New Punitiveness: Current Trends, Theories and Perspectives (Willan Publishing 2005)
Id: 4905
J Roberts, 'Public Opinion and the Administration of Justice: Research Findings across two decades.' in (ed), Public Opinion and the Administration of Justice (Politea 2005)
ISBN: 0032 (0) 2 289 26 10
Id: 4906
J Roberts and T. Sanders, 'Exploring Public Attitudes to Conditional Sentencing' in (ed), Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods. (Pearson 2004)
Id: 4907
J Roberts and L. Stalans, 'Public Opinion and Criminal Justice' in (ed), Encyclopedia of Criminology (Fitzroy-Dearborn 2004)
Id: 4908
J Roberts, 'Public Opinion and the Evolution of Juvenile Justice Policy in the Western world.' in (ed), Youth Crime and Youth Justice: Comparative and Cross-National Perspectives (University of Chicago Press 2004)
Id: 4909
J Roberts and L. Stalans, 'Retribution' in (ed), Encyclopedia of Criminology (Fitzroy-Dearborn 2004)
Id: 4910
J Roberts, 'The Future of Youth Court Sentencing in Canada' in (ed), Issues and Perspectives on Young Offenders (Thomson Nelson 2004)
Id: 4911
J Roberts, 'An Introduction to Criminal Justice in Canada' in Roberts, Julian V. and Grossman, Michelle (eds), Criminal Justice in Canada : a Reader (Nelson Thomson Learning 2003)
Id: 4912
J Roberts and Kent Roach, 'Restorative Justice in Canada: From Sentencing Circles to Sentencing Principles' in A. Von Hirsch, J.V. Roberts, A. Bottoms, K. Roach, K. and M. Schiff, M. (eds), Restorative and Criminal Justice (Hart Publishing 2003)
Id: 4913
J Roberts, 'Serving Time in the Community: The Conditional Sentence of Imprisonment' in Roberts, Julian V. and Grossman, Michelle (eds), Criminal Justice in Canada : a Reader (Nelson Thomson Learning 2003)
Id: 4914
J Roberts and M. Hough, 'Changing Attitudes to Punishment: The Context' in J.V. Roberts and M. Hough (eds), Changing Attitudes to Punishment. Public Opinion, Crime and Justice. (Cullompton: Willan Publishing. 2002)
Id: 4915
J Roberts, 'Public Attitudes to Community-based Sanctions' in (ed), Changing Attitudes to Punishment (Willan Publishing 2002)
Id: 4916
J Roberts and Mike Hough, 'Public Knowledge and Public Opinion of Sentencing' in (ed), Sentencing and Society: International Perspectives (Ashgate Publishing 2002)
Id: 4917
J Roberts, 'Public Opinion and Sentencing Policy' in S. Rex and M. Tonry (eds), Reform and Punishment: the future of sentencing (Willan Publishing 2002)
ISBN: 1-903240-94-8
Id: 4918
J Roberts and Mike Hough, 'English Believe Sentences Soft and Rising.' in (ed), Penal Reform in Overcrowded Times (Oxford University Press 2001)
Id: 4919
J Roberts and Mike Hough, 'Public Opinion, Sentencing and Parole: International Trends' in (ed), Psychology in the Courts (University of Toronto Press. 2001)
Id: 4920
J Roberts, 'Public Perceptions of Corrections' in (ed), Corrections in Canada (2001)
Id: 4921
J Roberts, 'Race, crime and the collection of criminal justice statistics' in (ed), Crimes of Colour. Racialization and the Criminal Justice System (Broadview Press 2001)
Id: 4922
J Roberts, 'Reforming Sentencing and Parole in Canada' in (ed), Penal Reform in Overcrowded Times (Oxford University Press 2001)
Id: 4923
J Roberts, 'Sentencing, Law and Psychology' in (ed), An Introduction to Psychology and the Law (University of Toronto Press 2001)
Id: 4924
J Roberts, 'Unearthing the Sphinx: the evolution of conditional sentencing' in (ed), Criminal law in Canada (Canadian Bar Review 2001)
Id: 4925
J Roberts, 'The Coverage of Violent Crime in Toronto Newspapers.' in (ed), Report of the Royal Commission on Violence in the Communications Industry. (Royal Commission on Violence in the Communications Industry. 1976)
Id: 4926

Book (9)

J Roberts, Criminal Justice. A Very Short Introduction. (University of Oxford. 2015)
Id: 4838
B. Mitchell and J Roberts, Exploring the Mandatory Sentence for Murder (Oxford: Hart Publishing 2012)
ISBN: 9781849462280
Id: 4839
J Roberts, Punishing Persistent Offenders (Oxford University Press 2008)
ISBN: 9780199283897
Id: 4840
J Roberts, Criminal Justice in Canada: An Overview (Toronto: Thomson Nelson. 2007)
Id: 4841
J Roberts and M Hough, Understanding Public Attitudes to Criminal Justice (Open University Press 2005)
ISBN: 0 335 21536X
Id: 4842
J Roberts, The Virtual Prison. Community Custody and the Evolution of Imprisonment. (Cambridge University Press 2004)
ISBN: 0 521 82959 3
Id: 4843
J Roberts, Dave Indermaur, Mike Hough and Loretta Stalans, Penal Populism and Public Opinion. Lessons from Five Countries. (Oxford University Press. 2003)
ISBN: 0-19-513623-3
Id: 4844
J Roberts, A. von Hirsch, A. Bottoms and K. Roach, Restorative and Criminal Justice. Competing or Reconcilable Paradigms? (Hart Publishing Oxford. 2003)
ISBN: 1-84113-273-X
Id: 4845
J Roberts and Mike Hough, Changing Attitudes to Punishment. Public opinion, crime and criminal justice (Willan Publishing 2002)
ISBN: 1-84392-002-6
Id: 4846

Edited Book (15)

J Roberts (ed), Exploring Sentencing. Empirical and Normative Aspects of Legal Punishment in England and Wales. (Palgrave 2015) (forthcoming)
ISBN: 978-1-137-39039-4
Id: 4927
J Roberts and Michelle Grossman (eds), Criminal Justice in Canada. A Reader (5th edn Nelson 2014)
ISBN: 978-0-17-655789-8
Id: 4928
J. Ryberg and J Roberts (eds), Popular Punishment: The Normative Significance of Public Opinion for Penal Theory (Oxford University Press 2014)
Id: 4929
A. Ashworth and J Roberts (eds), Structured Sentencing in England and Wales: From Guidance to Guidelines (Oxford University Press 2013)
Id: 4930
L. Zedner and J Roberts (eds), Principled Approaches to Criminal Law and Criminal Justice: Essays in Honour of Andrew Ashworth. (Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2012)
Id: 4931
J Roberts and M. Grossman (eds), Criminal Justice in Canada. (Fourth Edition) (Toronto: Thomson Nelson 2011)
Id: 4932
J Roberts (ed), Mitigation and Aggravation at Sentencing (Cambridge University Press 2011)
ISBN: 9780521197809
Id: 4933
P. Stenning and J Roberts (eds), The Scholarship of Jean-Paul Brodeur (15 Canadian Journal of Criminology 2011)
Id: 4934
J Roberts and A von Hirsch (eds), Previous Convictions at Sentencing: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives (Hart Publishing 2010)
ISBN: 9781849460422
Id: 4936
A Bottoms and J Roberts (eds), Hearing the Victim: Adversarial Justice,Crime Victims, and the State (Willan Publishing 2010)
Id: 4935
A Ashworth, A von Hirsch and J Roberts (eds), Principled Sentencing (Third Edition) (Hart Publishing 2009)
Id: 4937
A Manson, P Healy, J Roberts and D Ives (eds), Sentencing and Penal Policy in Canada (Second Edition) (Emond Montgomery 2008)
Id: 4938
J Roberts (ed), Criminal Justice in Canada. Third Edition. (Thomson Nelson 2007)
ISBN: 0-19-513623-3
Id: 4939
J Roberts and Mike Hough (eds), Changing Attitudes to Punishment: International Context. (Willan Publishing. 2002)
ISBN: 1-84392-003-4
Id: 4940
J Roberts (ed), Making Sense of Sentencing (University of Toronto Press 1999)
Id: 4941

Report (4)

J Roberts and M. Manikis, Victim Personal Statements at Sentencing: A Review of the Empirical Research. (London: Office of the Commissioner for Victims and Witnesses of England and Wales 2011)
Id: 4942
B. Mitchell and J Roberts, Public Opinion and the Law of Murder (London: Nuffield Foundation 2010)
Id: 4943
M. Hough, J Roberts, J. Jacobson, N. Steele, and N. Moon, Determining Crime Seriousness and the Custody Threshold: An Analysis of the Public’s View (London: Sentencing Advisory Panel 2009)
Id: 4944
J Roberts and M. Hough, Public Opinion and the Jury: A Review of International Findings. (London: Ministry of Justice 2009)
Id: 4945

Centres

Research programmes

Research Interests

Sentencing policy and practice; public opinion, crime and criminal justice

Options taught

Criminology and Criminal Justice

Research projects