Biography

Sharon Shalev joined the Centre in 2011. Her key research interest is the use of solitary confinement and other restrictive practices in prisons and other places of detention across the world. Over the last two decades this has involved extensive research on the American ‘supermax’ prisons and, more recently, with funding from the John Fell Fund, a pilot study of high security prison units across Europe. Her book, 'Supermax: controlling risk through solitary confinement' (Willan, 2009) has been awarded the British Society of Criminology's Book Prize for 2010. 

Sharon acts as an independent consultant on prison conditions, human rights and the use and consequences of solitary confinement. She has authored various publications on the subject, including the Sourcebook on Solitary Confinement - a practitioner's guide to the health effects of solitary confinement and to human rights and professional standards relating to its use. Since its publication the Sourcebook has become a widely used point of reference internationally and has been translated into French, Mandarin, Russian and Spanish.

In late 2016 Dr Shalev was invited by New Zealand's National Preventative Mechanism (NPM) bodies, with funding from the UN, to conduct a review of seclusion and restraint practices across different detention contexts (police, mental health units, prisons, children and young people's residences) in New Zealand. The ensuing report, "Thinking outside the box? Review of seclusion and restraint practices in New Zealand" was published by New Zealand's Human Rights Commission in 2017. In 2020 she was invited to conduct a follow-up review of solitary confinement and restraint practices in New Zealand. Findings of the follow-up review were published in December 2020 in a report titled 'Time for a paradigm change: a follow up review of seclusion and restraint practices in New Zealand'. Her study of the work of prison segregation units and Close Supervision Centres in England and Wales was conducted jointly with the Prison Reform Trust with funding from the Barrow Cadbury Trust.  The study included visits to 14 prisons and 4 Close Supervision Centres, and interviews with prisoners, prison officers and governors to get their views about, and experiences of, segregation units. The study helped to build an evidence base on the uses of segregation: the regulations governing its use, variations in practice, the characteristics of those who end up in segregation and their experience of segregation, the views of staff who work there, and the processes for returning people to normal location. The resulting report, Deep Custody: Segregation Units and Close Supervision Centres in England and Wales was published in December 2015.

Other research interests include: the design, management and regime in high security prisons on both sides of the Atlantic; prison architecture; the use of restraints in prisons and mental health settings; human rights and prisons and; prison health care and medical ethics in prison.

Other details
Sharon is also a Fellow of the Mannheim Centre for Criminology at the London School of Economics.

Publications

Recent additions

  • S Shalev, 'solitary confinement across borders ' in Lobel, J. and Scharf Smith, P (eds), Solitary Confinement: Effects, Practices, and Pathways towards Reform (Oxford University Press 2019)
  • S Shalev and J Beynon, 'Solitary Confinement' in J Payne-James, D Nuno Vieira, J Beynon (ed), Monitoring and Documenting Conditions of Detention, Custody, Torture and Ill-Treatment: a practical guide (CRC Press 2017)

Report (2)

Chapter (4)

S Shalev, 'solitary confinement across borders ' in Lobel, J. and Scharf Smith, P (eds), Solitary Confinement: Effects, Practices, and Pathways towards Reform (Oxford University Press 2019)
S Shalev and J Beynon, 'Solitary Confinement' in J Payne-James, D Nuno Vieira, J Beynon (ed), Monitoring and Documenting Conditions of Detention, Custody, Torture and Ill-Treatment: a practical guide (CRC Press 2017)
S Shalev and Lloyd, M, ' 'Solitary confinement'. ' in Jason Payne-James and Roger Byard (eds), Encyclopaedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine. (2nd edition) (Elsevier Academic Press 2015)
S Shalev, 'Solitary Confinement as a Prison Health Issue' in (ed), Health in prisons: a WHO guide to the essentials in prison health (2nd ed.) (Copenhagen WHO Regional Office Europe 2014)

Journal Article (4)

S Shalev, 'Prisoners Rights: solitary confinement and supermax prisons' (2011) World Politics Review, Feature Report on Human Rights: A Closer Look 8
S Shalev, 'Solitary confinement and supermax prisons : A Human Rights and Ethical Analysis' (2011) 11 Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice 151
S Shalev, 'Inside a Supermax' (2009) Prison Service Journal
Also co-editor

Book (2)

S Shalev, Supermax: controlling risk through solitary confinement (Willan Publishing 2009)

c (1)

S Shalev, The power to classify: avenues into a supermax prison', in Crime, Social Control and Human Rights. From moral panics to states of denial

Centres

Research Interests

Solitary confinement; Prisons; The design, management and regime in high security prisons on both sides of the Atlantic; prison architecture; restraints in mental health settings; human rights and prisons and; prison health care and medical ethics in prison

Research projects